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1.
Jiangman Liu 《Analytical letters》2013,46(11):1804-1815
A sensitive method for the determination of total chromium in real samples by flow injection–chemiluminescence (FI–CL) analysis was proposed. It was found that the CL intensity from luminol–lysozyme reaction could be markedly quenched, and the decrease of CL intensity was linear with the logarithm of Cr(III) concentrations over the range of 5.0 to 4000 pg mL?1 with a detection limit of 2.0 pg mL?1 (3σ) and relative standard deviations (RSDs) of 3.0, 2.6, and 2.0% for 10, 100, and 1000 pg mL?1 Cr(III) (n = 7), respectively. At a flow rate of 2.0 mL min?1, the whole process including sampling and washing could be accomplished within 36 s. The proposed CL method was successfully applied to the determination of total chromium in pharmaceutical capsules, a dietary supplement, and spiked human serum samples, with recoveries from 92.2 to 108.4% and RSDs of less than 4.0%. Using the homemade FI–CL model, the binding constant (K = 4.38 × 106 L mol?1) and the binding sites (n ≈ 1) of Cr(III) to lysozyme were given.  相似文献   
2.
An efficient and sensitive analytical method based on molecularly imprinted solid‐phase extraction (MISPE) and reverse‐phase ultrasound‐assisted dispersive liquid–liquid microextraction (USA‐DLLME) coupled with LC–MS/MS detection was developed and validated for the analysis of urinary 4‐(methylnitrosamino)‐1‐(3‐pyridyl)‐1‐butanol (NNAL), a tobacco‐specific nitrosamine metabolite. The extraction performances of NNAL on three different solid‐phase extraction (SPE) sorbents including the hydrophilic‐lipophilic balanced sorbent HLB, the mixed mode cationic MCX sorbent and the molecularly imprinted polymers (MIP) sorbent were evaluated. Experimental results showed that the analyte was well retained with the highest extraction recovery and the optimum purification effect on MIP. Under the optimized conditions of MIP and USA‐DLLME, an enrichment factor of 23 was obtained. Good linearity relationship was obtained in the range of 5‐1200 pg/mL with a correlation coefficient of 0.9953. The limit of detection (LOD) was 0.35 pg/mL. The recoveries at three spiked levels ranged between 88.5% and 93.7%. Intra‐ and inter‐day relative standard deviations varied from 3.6% to 7.4% and from 5.4% to 9.7%, respectively. The developed method combing the advantages of MISPE and DLLME significantly improves the purification and enrichment of the analyte and can be used as an effective approach for the determination of ultra‐trace NNAL in complex biological matrices.  相似文献   
3.
Rapid solvent‐free microwave‐assisted headspace solid‐phase microextraction (MA‐HS‐SPME) coupled with gas chromatography‐mass spectrometry (GC‐MS) was developed to determine synthetic polycyclic and nitro‐aromatic musks in fish samples. Four commonly used synthetic musks, galaxolide (HHCB), tonalide (AHTN), musk xylene (MX) and musk ketone (MK) were employed in the method development and validation. The parameters (microwave irradiation time, irradiation power, amount of water addition, pH value and addition of NaCl) affecting the extraction efficiency of analytes from fish slurry were systematically investigated and optimized. The best extraction conditions were achieved when the fish sample 2‐g mixed with 4‐mL methanol and 15‐mL deionized water (containing 4 g of NaCl, pH 2.0 in a 40‐mL sample‐vial) was microwave irradiated at 80 watt for 5 min. The limits of quantification (LOQ) were 0.4 to 1.2 ng/g in 2‐g of wet tissue. The precision for these analytes, as indicated by relative standard deviations, were less than 9% for both intra‐ and inter‐day analysis. Accuracy, expressed as the mean extraction recovery, was between 80 to 92%. A standard addition method was used to quantitate these four synthetic musks, and the total concentrations ranged from 2.1 to 23.1 ng/g in various fish samples.  相似文献   
4.
The intermolecular hydrogen bonds of mono‐ and dihydrated complexes of 7‐(3′‐Pyridyl)indole (7‐3′PI) have been investigated using the time‐dependent density functional theory (TD‐DFT) method. The electrostatic potential analysis of monomer 7‐3′PI and 7‐(3′‐Pyridyl)indole‐water (7‐3′PI‐W) indicates that an intermolecular hydrogen bond between two waters can be formed for 7‐(3′‐Pyridyl)indole‐2water (7‐3′PI‐2W) complex. The calculated bond lengths of the intermolecular hydrogen bonds of 7‐3′PI‐W and 7‐3′PI‐2W in the S1 state (the first excited singlet state) are all shortened compared to the ground state. By the analysis of bond length, charge population and infrared spectra, it is demonstrated that the intermolecular hydrogen bonds of 7‐3′PI‐W and 7‐3′PI‐2W are all strengthened upon electronic excitation to the S1 state. Moreover, the fluorescence of 7‐3′PI‐W and 7‐3′PI‐2W are all red‐shifted to larger wavelength compared to monomer 7‐3′PI. The red‐shift of fluorescence peak of 7‐3′PI‐W and 7‐3′PI‐2W should be attributed to the change of hydrogen bond interaction before and after photoexcitation. Therefore, it can be concluded that the intermolecular hydrogen bonding strengthening in the excited S1 state induces the fluorescence weakening of 7‐3′PI.  相似文献   
5.
Described herein is a novel one‐pot aqueous synthesis of ZnSe nanocrystals has featuring the utilization of Na2SeO3 and Zn(AC)2×2H2O as Se and Zn source, glutathione (GSH) as stabilizing agent and reducing agent. By this approach, the UV‐blue ZnSe QDs with quantum yield (QYs) up to 19% have been synthesized with a molar ratio of Se/Zn/GSH at 1:4:8.5 under aqueous conditions at 110 °C. XRD and TEM show the ZnSe QDs are zinc cubic structure particles with an average diameter of 3–5 nm.  相似文献   
6.
The one‐pot synthesis of water‐soluble and biologically compatible yellow CdSe quantum dots (QDs) featuring the use of glutathione (GSH) as the capping and reducing agent was achieved under aqueous conditions at 150 °C. The synthesized yellow CdSe QDs with quantum yield (QY) up to 20% exhibit zinc blende cubic structure particles with an average diameter of 4‐5 nm. It was found that both molar ratio of Se/Cd and reaction time had a significant effect on size distribution of GSH‐CdSe QDs. Meanwhile, the interaction of QDs bioconjugated to bovine hemoglobin (BHb) was studied by absorption and fluorescence(FL) spectra. With addition of BHb, the FL intensity of CdSe QDs largely quenched due to the static mechanism. The linear range is 5.0 × 10?8 mol/L to 3.0 × 10?6 mol/L, and the correlation coefficient is 0.9991, suggesting that could be used as a probe to label biological molecules and bacterial cells.  相似文献   
7.
Strobilurins have become one of the most important classes of agricultural fungicides. To search for new strobilurin derivatives with high activity against resistant pathogens, a series of new β‐methoxyacrylate analogues containing substituted pyrimidine in the side chain with strobilurin pharmacophore were synthesized and their biological activities were tested. The compounds were confirmed and characterized by 1H‐NMR, elemental analysis and mass spectroscopy. The bioassays indicated that most of the compounds 1 exhibited potent antifungal activities against Colletotrichum orbiculare, Botrytis cinerea Pers and Phytophthora capsici Leonian at a concentration of 50 μg mL?1. Notably, compound 1b (R = 2,5‐dimethylphenyl) showed better antifungal activity against all the tested fungi than the commercial strobilurin fungicide azoxystrobin.  相似文献   
8.
Liu  Yanna  Liang  Yan  Zhou  Yuanyuan  Guan  Tianye  Xing  Lu  Rao  Tai  Zhou  Lijun  Yu  Xiaoyi  Wang  Qian  Xie  Lin  Wang  Guangji 《Chromatographia》2013,76(15):949-958

The qualitative and quantitative capability of the ion trap mass analyzer could be greatly affected by the accumulation time. However, the importance of the accumulation time has not so far been thoroughly explored. Here, the influence of ion accumulation time on qualitative and quantitative analysis of complicated components was systematically investigated based on the case study of 40 ophiopogonins in Ophiopogon extract by hybrid ion trap time-of-flight mass spectrometry (LCMS-IT-TOF). In this process, the accumulation time was set at 10, 25, 50, 100, and 200 ms, respectively. The effect of accumulation time on qualitative analysis of ophiopogonins was studied by comparing the total ion current (TIC) of MS1, TIC of MS2, and the number and signal of fragmental ions. The results demonstrated that the signal could be greatly influenced by varying the accumulation time. The number and signal of the fragmental ions were increased significantly with a longer accumulation time in the range of 10–100 ms. Also, the effect of accumulation time on quantitative analysis of ophiopogonins was investigated by comparing the linearity, accuracy, and precision measured on LCMS-IT-TOF. Importantly, quantitative parameters could all be significantly improved by choosing an appropriate accumulation time.

  相似文献   
9.
Two new sesquiterpenes, 1 and 2 , as well as the five known compounds 3 – 7 , were isolated from the stems of Euonymus alatus. Compounds 2 – 7 have a β‐dihydroagarofuran skeleton. The structures of these compounds were elucidated mainly by spectroscopic methods (1D‐, 2D‐NMR, ESI‐MS, and HR‐ESI‐MS). We also report the X‐ray crystal structure of evonine ( 3 ) for the first time.  相似文献   
10.
Investigation of the cultured mycelia of Cordyceps ophioglossoides resulted in the isolation and characterization of three new unusual spiro[4.5]decane sesquiterpenes, cordycepol A ( 1 ), cordycepol B ( 2 ), and cordycepol C ( 3 ), and a new fumagillol analogue, cordycol ( 4 ). Their structures were established by spectroscopic means. The cytotoxic activities were also evaluated, compounds 3 and 4 showing their IC50 values in the range of 12–33 μg/ml against HeLa and HepG2 (Table 3). In addition, 3 and 4 were not obviously harmful towards normal liver cell lines LO2, showing IC50 values above 80 μg/ml.  相似文献   
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