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排序方式: 共有18条查询结果,搜索用时 31 毫秒
1.
多学科设计优化中常用代理模型的研究   总被引:30,自引:0,他引:30  
代理模型是多学科设计优化的关键技术之一。本文系统介绍了多项式响应面模型,径向基函数模型和Kriging模型等3种多学科设计优化中常用的代理模型。通过构造某机翼展向气动载荷分布的代理模型,对这3种模型的效果进行了评估,并对这些代理模型的构造方法、基本特性和适用范围进行了分析研究。  相似文献
2.
基于径向基函数的机翼二维气动代理模型设计   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
采用多学科设计优化方法进行机翼气动/结构优化时,结构学科的优化需要气动学科提供机翼压力分布的代理模型。本文引入了等参单元形函数的几何变换思想,利用径向基函数,解决了复杂形状机翼的二维气动代理模型的构造问题,进行了某巡航导弹弹翼考虑结构变形的气动力代理模型的构建。算例结果表明,本文所用代理模型构造方法简单易行,预测结果的精度很好。  相似文献
3.
基于几何不确定性的翼型多目标稳健优化设计   总被引:1,自引:1,他引:0  
李焦赞  高正红 《力学学报》2011,43(3):611-615
提出在优化设计进程中引进基于各种不确定性波动的稳健优化设计思想,进行多目标进化优化算法与代理模型技术在稳健优化设计中的应用研究.提供翼型确定性优化和稳健性优化实例,并对结果进行对比,结果表明该稳健优化设计方法可以得到更有实际应用价值的翼型气动外形.  相似文献
4.
Cavitation is often triggered when the fluid pres- sure is lower than the vapor pressure at a local thermo- dynamic state. The present article reviews recent progress made toward developing modeling and computational strat- egies for cavitation predictions under both isothermal and cryogenic conditions, with an emphasis on the attached cav- ity. The review considers alternative cavitation models along Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes and very lager eddy simu- lation turbulence approaches to ensure that the computational tools can handle flows of engineering interests. Observing the substantial uncertainties associated with both modeling and experimental information, surrogate modeling strategies are reviewed to assess the implications and relative impor- tance of the various modeling and materials parameters. The exchange between static and dynamic pressures under the influence of the viscous effects can have a noticeable impact on the effective shape of a solid object, which can impact the cavitation structure. The thermal effect with respect to evaporation and condensation dynamics is examined to shed light on the fluid physics associated with cryogenic cav- itation. The surrogate modeling techniques are highlighted in the context of modeling sensitivity assessment. Keywords  相似文献
5.
A robust airfoil optimization platform is constructed based on the modified particle swarm optimization method (i.e., the second-order oscillating particle swarm method), which consists of an efficient optimization algorithm, a precise aerodynamic analysis program, a high accuracy surrogate model, and a classical airfoil parametric method. There are two improvements for the modified particle swarm method compared with the standard particle swarm method. First, the particle velocity is represented by the combination of the particle position and the variation of position, which makes the particle swarm algorithm a second-order precision method with respect to the particle position. Second, for the sake of adding diversity to the swarm and enlarging the parameter searching domain to improve the global convergence performance of the algorithm, an oscillating term is introduced to the update formula of the particle velocity. At last, taking two airfoils as examples, the aerodynamic shapes are optimized on this optimization platform. It is shown from the optimization results that the aerodynamic characteristic of the airfoils is greatly improved in a broad design range.  相似文献
6.
代理模型在结构优化领域中的应用逐渐增多.相对传统优化方法,代理模型方法在处理带有噪音或仿真模拟十分耗时的问题时有明显优势.加点准则是代理模型技术的一个关键,为了避免陷入局部最优解,加点准则需要同时考虑局部搜索(exploitation)和全局搜索(exploration)两部分并加以平衡.本文在Kriging代理模型基础上提出一种基于几何全局搜索的全局优化算法MSG(Multi-start Local Search with Geometrical Exploration),通过数值算例将其与基于不确定性全局搜索的有效全局优化算法EGO(Efficient Global Optimization)进行比较,研究了MSG算法参数的影响,并讨论了MSG与EGO各自的特点和适用范围.  相似文献
7.
A transonic, high Reynolds number natural laminar flow airfoil is designed and studied. The γ-θ transition model is combined with the shear stress transport(SST)k-w turbulence model to predict the transition region for a laminar-turbulent boundary layer. The non-uniform free-form deformation(NFFD) method based on the non-uniform rational B-spline(NURBS) basis function is introduced to the airfoil parameterization.The non-dominated sorting genetic algorithm-II(NSGA-II) is used as the search algorithm, and the surrogate model based on the Kriging models is introduced to improve the efficiency of the optimization system. The optimization system is set up based on the above technologies, and the robust design about the uncertainty of the Mach number is carried out for NASA0412 airfoil. The optimized airfoil is analyzed and compared with the original airfoil. The results show that natural laminar flow can be achieved on a supercritical airfoil to improve the aerodynamic characteristic of airfoils.  相似文献
8.
In this study, the effects of discharge rate and LiMn2O4 cathode properties (thickness, porosity, particle size, and solid-state diffusivity and conductivity) on the gravimetric energy and power density of a lithium-ion battery cell are analyzed simultaneously using a cell-level model. Surrogate-based analysis tools are applied to simulation data to construct educed-order models, which are in turn used to perform global sensitivity analysis to compare the relative importance of cathode properties. Based on these results, the cell is then optimized for several distinct physical scenarios using gradient-based methods. The comple-mentary nature of the gradient-and surrogate-based tools is demonstrated by establishing proper bounds and constraints with the surrogate model, and then obtaining accurate optimized solutions with the gradient-based optimizer. These optimal solutions enable the quantification of the tradeoffs between energy and power density, and the effect of optimizing the electrode thickness and porosity. In conjunction with known guidelines, the numerical optimization frame-work developed herein can be applied directly to cell and pack design.  相似文献
9.
提出了一种基于元模型建模和聚类算法的设计空间减缩策略,能直接将设计空间减小到相对小的子空间。建议的方法分为三步:首先,进行低精度元模型建模,其次重新设计样本点并基于元模型求解样本点函数值和导数,应用最短距离层次聚类算法确定样本点聚类数与聚类中心,采用模糊c均值算法完成设计空间划分,生成设计空间子空间;最后,求解子空间目标函数的均值,确定保留子空间,并在保留子空间中对函数进行优化,达到目标函数全局最优解。测试函数和工程算例表明,该方法能够有效减小设计空间。  相似文献
10.
针对轴压作用下的加筋柱壳后屈曲性能优化计算较大的问题,本文提出了一种基于代理模型和等效刚度模型的混合优化策略,即运用基于等效刚度的平铺模型进行有限元后屈曲分析以代替试验设计中大量的精细加筋模型分析,并通过控制等效模型的单元尺寸来调整其分析精度,而等效刚度模型计算时长仅约为精细加筋模型的1/3。对构建的代理模型采用多岛遗传算法进行极限承载力等约束下的轻量化设计,调用精细模型有限元后屈曲分析对代理模型进行更新,从而保证代理模型的拟合精度并得到优化解。工程算例结果表明,本文提出的混合优化方法,使加筋柱壳结构在满足承载力情况下减重效果明显。  相似文献
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