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利用主成分分析和分层聚类分析方法研究了具有抗肺炎克雷伯氏菌的氟诺喹酮类药物分子的结构活性关系.主成分分析方法表明变量ELUMO、ΔEHL、μ、Q3、Q5、QA、lgP、MP、MR能够有效地对抗肺炎克雷伯氏菌的氟诺喹酮类药物进行分类.分层聚类方法和主成分分析方法的结果一致.这表明两种方法都能够对新的具有抗肺炎克雷伯氏菌的氟诺喹酮类药物的分类提供一个可信的规律.利用主成分分析法和分层聚类分析法对其他4个氟诺喹酮类药物分子进行分析,结果都表明有三个药物分子具有较强的抗肺炎克雷伯氏菌活性,此结果和临床结果相吻合.  相似文献
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使用DFT的B3LYP方法对几种咪唑二氧杂环化合物的分子结构、红外光谱、生成焓、爆轰性能和化学/热稳定性进行了研究.四种不同含能基团-NO2,-NH2,-N3和-ONO2对该化合物各项性能的影响进行了比较.结果表明-NO2和-ONO2基团有效地增加了化合物的密度,而-N3基团极大地增加了化合物的生成焓.其中-NO2取代物爆轰性能接近1,3,5,7-tetranitro-1,3,5,7-tetraazacyclooctane,-ONO2取代物的爆轰性能低于hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine.自然键轨道分析表明,这些化合物中相对较弱的键为取代基和咪唑环之间的键,以及二氧杂环中的C-O键.吸电子基团(-NO2, -N3和-ONO2)在分子中产生了明显的诱导效应,减弱了基团与咪唑环之间的链接,降低了对应键的键裂解能.研究表明基团的电负性与化合物的稳定性有关.考虑到化合物的爆轰性能和热稳定性,DNTNDI化合物满足高能量密度材料的要求.  相似文献
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利用密度泛函(DFT)三种交换/相关函数(B3LYP, B3PW91,B3P86)结合6-31G**和6-311G**基组,计算了13个取代氯苯化合物的键离解能. 结果表明B3P86/6-311G**方法是计算取代氯苯化合物键离解能的可信方法,研究发现C-Cl键的键离解能与所使用的基组和计算方法密切相关,取代基对C-Cl键的键离解能的影响不明显. 研究了目标化合物的前线轨道能级差,并对取代氯苯化合物的热稳定性做了评估.  相似文献
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First-principles calculations of the structural, optical, and thermal properties of Cr2AlB2 are performed using the pseudopotential plane-wave method within the generalized gradient approximation (GGA). Calculation of the elastic constant and phonon dispersion indicates that Cr2AlB2 is mechanically and thermodynamically stable. Analysis of the band structure and density of states indicates that Cr2AlB2 is metallic. The thermal properties under increasing temperature and pressure are investigated using the quasi-harmonic Debye model. The results show that anharmonic effects on Cr2AlB2 are important at low temperature and high pressure. The calculated equilibrium primitive cell volume is 95.91 Å3 at T = 300 K, P = 0 GPa. The ability of Cr2AlB2 to resist volume changes becomes weaker with increasing temperature and stronger with increasing pressure. Analysis of optical properties of Cr2AlB2 shows that the static dielectric function of Cr2AlB2 is 53.1, and the refractive index n 0 is 7.3. If the incident light has a frequency exceeding 16.09 eV, which is the plasma frequency of Cr2AlB2, Cr2AlB2 changes from metallic to dielectric material.  相似文献
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The density functional theory method was used to study the heats of formation (HOFs), energetic properties, electronic structure of a series of 4,4″‐dinitro(3,3′:4′,3′′)tris([1,2,5]oxadiazole)‐2′‐oxide (3,4‐bis[4′‐nitrofurazan‐3′‐yl]furoxan) derivatives. The results show that the substitution of the nitro group is very useful for improving their HOFs and detonation performances. The HOFs of the title compounds are all positive and larger than those of 1,3,5‐trinitro‐1,3,5‐triazinane and 1,3,5,7‐tetranitro‐1,3,5,7‐tetrazocane. The analysis of oxygen balance shows that the studied compounds need the oxygen in the explosive. Compound A1 has larger detonation velocity and detonation pressure than those of 1,3,5,7‐tetranitro‐1,3,5,7‐tetrazocane and can be regarded as a potential candidate for high‐energy compounds because of the moderate heat of detonation, high density, and high N. In addition, the energy gaps between the highest occupied molecular orbital and lowest unoccupied molecular orbital of the studied compounds are further investigated.  相似文献
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