首页 | 本学科首页   官方微博 | 高级检索  
文章检索
  按 检索   检索词:      
出版年份:   被引次数:   他引次数: 提示:输入*表示无穷大
  收费全文   3351篇
  免费   351篇
  国内免费   184篇
化学   148篇
晶体学   8篇
力学   283篇
综合类   47篇
数学   2308篇
物理学   1092篇
  2023年   27篇
  2022年   40篇
  2021年   56篇
  2020年   61篇
  2019年   65篇
  2018年   62篇
  2017年   97篇
  2016年   108篇
  2015年   71篇
  2014年   175篇
  2013年   215篇
  2012年   128篇
  2011年   209篇
  2010年   210篇
  2009年   189篇
  2008年   228篇
  2007年   265篇
  2006年   208篇
  2005年   165篇
  2004年   177篇
  2003年   161篇
  2002年   117篇
  2001年   93篇
  2000年   90篇
  1999年   95篇
  1998年   71篇
  1997年   70篇
  1996年   46篇
  1995年   58篇
  1994年   38篇
  1993年   29篇
  1992年   32篇
  1991年   28篇
  1990年   17篇
  1989年   18篇
  1988年   20篇
  1987年   19篇
  1986年   9篇
  1985年   23篇
  1984年   15篇
  1983年   12篇
  1982年   8篇
  1981年   10篇
  1980年   9篇
  1979年   9篇
  1978年   6篇
  1977年   8篇
  1976年   5篇
  1975年   4篇
  1973年   3篇
排序方式: 共有3886条查询结果,搜索用时 31 毫秒
1.
基于时变Copula模型,获得预测方差,确定单个基金收益率序列的边缘分布.利用常见的静态Copula和时变Copula模型对基金收益率序列间两两相依关系进行建模并进行对比分析.应用研究表明,基于MCMC方法的时变Copula模型能更有效地度量基金收益率序列的风险.  相似文献   
2.
Unstable particles, together with their stable decay products, constitute probability collectives that are defined as Hilbert spaces with dimension higher than one, nondecomposable in a particle basis. Their structure is considered in the framework of Birkhoff-von Neumann's Hilbert subspace lattices. Bases with particle states are related to bases with a diagonal scalar product by a Hilbert-bein involving the characteristic decay parameters (in some analogy to the n-bein structures of metrical manifolds). Probability predictions as expectation values, involving unstable particles, have to take into account all members of the higher dimensional collective. For example, the unitarity structure of the S-matrix for an unstable particle collective can be established by a transformation with its Hilbert-bein.  相似文献   
3.
卢道明 《中国物理 C》2006,30(7):603-605
根据Pegg-Barnett位相定义, 计算了一种新的奇偶非线性相干态的位相概率分布函数, 利用数值计算方法研究了它们的位相统计性质. 数值计算结果表明:新的奇偶非线性相干态的位相特性与通常奇偶相干态的位相特性截然不同.  相似文献   
4.
带干扰的多险种风险模型   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
由于保险公司风险经营规模不断扩大,用单一险种的模型来描述风险过程存在局限性,本文讨论了带干扰多险种风险模型,应用鞅论方法,得出伦德伯格不等式和最终破产概率公式。  相似文献   
5.
We formulate an elementary statistical game which captures the essence of some fundamental quantum experiments such as photon polarization and spin measurement. We explore and compare the significance of the principle of maximum Shannon entropy and the principle of minimum Fisher information in solving such a game. The solution based on the principle of minimum Fisher information coincides with the solution based on an invariance principle, and provides an informational explanation of Malus' law for photon polarization. There is no solution based on the principle of maximum Shannon entropy. The result demonstrates the merits of Fisher information, and the demerits of Shannon entropy, in treating some fundamental quantum problems. It also provides a quantitative example in support of a general philosophy: Nature intends to hide Fisher information, while obeying some simple rules.  相似文献   
6.
Evolutionary algorithms are applied as problem-independent optimization algorithms. They are quite efficient in many situations. However, it is difficult to analyze even the behavior of simple variants of evolutionary algorithms like the (1+1) EA on rather simple functions. Nevertheless, only the analysis of the expected run time and the success probability within a given number of steps can guide the choice of the free parameters of the algorithms. Here static (1+1) EAs with a fixed mutation probability are compared with dynamic (1+1) EAs with a simple schedule for the variation of the mutation probability. The dynamic variant is first analyzed for functions typically chosen as example-functions for evolutionary algorithms. Afterwards, it is shown that it can be essential to choose the suitable variant of the (1+1) EA. More precisely, functions are presented where each static (1+1) EA has exponential expected run time while the dynamic variant has polynomial expected run time. For other functions it is shown that the dynamic (1+1) EA has exponential expected run time while a static (1+1) EA with a good choice of the mutation probability has polynomial run time with overwhelming probability.  相似文献   
7.
The Boltzmann distribution used in the steady-state analysis of the simulated annealing algorithm gives rise to several scale invariant properties. Scale invariance is first presented in the context of parallel independent processors and then extended to an abstract form based on lumping states together to form new aggregate states. These lumped or aggregate states possess all of the mathematical characteristics, forms and relationships of states (solutions) in the original problem in both first and second moments. These scale invariance properties therefore permit new ways of relating objective function values, conditional expectation values, stationary probabilities, rates of change of stationary probabilities and conditional variances. Such properties therefore provide potential applications in analysis, statistical inference and optimization. Directions for future research that take advantage of scale invariance are also discussed.  相似文献   
8.
We study the probabilistic consequences of the choice of the basic number field in the quantum formalism. We demonstrate that by choosing a number field for a linear space representation of quantum model it is possible to describe various interference phenomena. We analyse interference of probabilistic alternatives induced by real, complex, hyperbolic (Clifford) and p‐adic representations.  相似文献   
9.
This short note summarizes the circumstances of the birth of free probability theory andsome of the recent achievements.  相似文献   
10.
We consider a Jackson-type network comprised of two queues having state-dependent service rates, in which the queue lengths evolve periodically, exhibiting noisy cycles. To reduce this noise a certain heuristic, utilizing regions in the phase space in which the system behaves almost deterministically, is applied. Using this heuristic, we show that in order to decrease the probability of a customers overflow in one of the queues in the network, the server in that same queue – contrary to intuition – should be shut down for a short period of time. Further noise reduction is obtained if the server in the second queue is briefly shut down as well, when certain conditions hold.  相似文献   
设为首页 | 免责声明 | 关于勤云 | 加入收藏

Copyright©北京勤云科技发展有限公司  京ICP备09084417号