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1.
This study presents the Shannon and Renyi information entropy for both position and momentum space and the Fisher information for the position-dependent mass Schrödinger equation with the Frost-Musulin potential. The analysis of the quantum mechanical probability has been obtained via the Fisher information. The variance information of this potential is equally computed. This controls both the chemical properties and physical properties of some of the molecular systems. We have observed the behaviour of the Shannon entropy. Renyi entropy, Fisher information and variance with the quantum number n respectively.  相似文献   

2.
We propose the study of quantum games from the point of view of quantum information theory and statistical mechanics. Every game can be described by a density operator, the von Neumann entropy and the quantum replicator dynamics. There exists a strong relationship between game theories, information theories and statistical physics. The density operator and entropy are the bonds between these theories. The analysis we propose is based on the properties of entropy, the amount of information that a player can obtain about his opponent and a maximum or minimum entropy criterion. The natural trend of a physical system is to its maximum entropy state. The minimum entropy state is a characteristic of a manipulated system, i.e., externally controlled or imposed. There exist tacit rules inside a system that do not need to be specified or clarified and search the system equilibrium based on the collective welfare principle. The other rules are imposed over the system when one or many of its members violate this principle and maximize its individual welfare at the expense of the group.  相似文献   

3.
The convexity of the Wigner–Yanase–Dyson information, as first proved by Lieb, is a deep and fundamental result because it leads to the strong subadditivity of quantum entropy. The Wigner–Yanase–Dyson information is a particular kind of quantum Fisher information with important applications in quantum estimation theory. But unlike the quantum entropy, which is the unique natural quantum extension of the classical Shannon entropy, there are many different variants of quantum Fisher information, and it is desirable to investigate their convexity. This article is devoted to studying the convexity of a direct generalization of the Wigner–Yanase–Dyson information. Some sufficient conditions are obtained, and some necessary conditions are illustrated. In a particular case, a surprising necessary and sufficient condition is obtained. Our results reveal the intricacy and subtlety of the convexity issue for general quantum Fisher information.   相似文献   

4.
We study the electromagnetic-field tomograms for classical and quantum states. We use the violation of the positivity of entropy for the photon-probability distributions for distinguishing the classical and quantum domains. We show that the photon-probability distribution expressed in terms of optical or symplectic tomograms of the photon quantum state must be a nonnegative function, which yields the nonnegative Shannon entropy. We also show that the optical tomogram of the photon classical state provides the expression for the Shannon entropy, which can be nonpositive.  相似文献   

5.
In this work, we first consider the discrete version of Fisher information measure and then propose Jensen–Fisher information, to develop some associated results. Next, we consider Fisher information and Bayes–Fisher information measures for mixing parameter vector of a finite mixture probability mass function and establish some results. We provide some connections between these measures with some known informational measures such as chi-square divergence, Shannon entropy, Kullback–Leibler, Jeffreys and Jensen–Shannon divergences.  相似文献   

6.
We prove two new fundamental uncertainty relations with quantum memory for the Wehrl entropy. The first relation applies to the bipartite memory scenario. It determines the minimum conditional Wehrl entropy among all the quantum states with a given conditional von Neumann entropy and proves that this minimum is asymptotically achieved by a suitable sequence of quantum Gaussian states. The second relation applies to the tripartite memory scenario. It determines the minimum of the sum of the Wehrl entropy of a quantum state conditioned on the first memory quantum system with the Wehrl entropy of the same state conditioned on the second memory quantum system and proves that also this minimum is asymptotically achieved by a suitable sequence of quantum Gaussian states. The Wehrl entropy of a quantum state is the Shannon differential entropy of the outcome of a heterodyne measurement performed on the state. The heterodyne measurement is one of the main measurements in quantum optics and lies at the basis of one of the most promising protocols for quantum key distribution. These fundamental entropic uncertainty relations will be a valuable tool in quantum information and will, for example, find application in security proofs of quantum key distribution protocols in the asymptotic regime and in entanglement witnessing in quantum optics.  相似文献   

7.
It is known that quantum mechanics can be interpreted as a non-Euclidean deformation of the space-time geometries by means Weyl geometries. We propose here a dynamical explanation of such approach by deriving Bohm potential from minimum condition of Fisher information connected to the entropy of a quantum system.  相似文献   

8.
In this article, a system of two two-level atoms interacting with a single-mode quantized electromagnetic field in a lossless resonant cavity via a multi-photon transition is considered. The quantum Fisher information, negativity, classical Fisher information, and reduced von Neumann entropy for the two atoms are investigated. We found that the number of photon transitions plays an important role in the dynamics of different information quantifiers in the cases of two symmetric and two asymmetric atoms. Our results show that there is a close relationship between the different quantifiers. Also, the quantum and classical Fisher information can be useful for studying the properties of quantum states which are important in quantum optics and information.  相似文献   

9.
Information theories for the general time-dependent harmonic oscillator are described on the basis of invariant operator method. We obtained entropic uncertainty relation of the system and discussed whether it is always larger than or equal to the physically allowed minimum value. Shannon information and Fisher information are derived by means of density operator that satisfies Liouville–von Neumann equation and their characteristics are investigated. Shannon information is independent of time, but Fisher information is explicitly dependent on time as the time functions of the Hamiltonian vary. We can regard that the Fisher information is a local measure since its time behavior is largely affected by local arrangements of the density, whilst the Shannon information plays the role of a global measure of the spreading of density. To promote the understanding, our theory is applied to special systems, the so-called quantum oscillator with time-dependent frequency and strongly pulsating mass system.  相似文献   

10.
The photon polarization law po = sin2θ is derived from a simple informational consideration by twomethods: The first is via an intuitive principle of mininum Fisher information, the second is via a symmetry andinvariance argument. The results demonstrate that in photon polarization, Nature has a tendency to hide herselfas deepas possible while obeying some regular conditions.  相似文献   

11.
《Physics letters. A》1997,235(3):209-216
Entropy change in a quantum state of cavity photons is investigated in the continuous measurement of photon number that is characterized by the quantum Markov process. It is shown that the average value of the entropy change in the quantum state of cavity photons is equal to the Shannon mutual information obtained from the outcome exhibited by the photodetector. Furthermore it is found that the entropy change reflects the photon statistics of the quantum state of cavity photons.  相似文献   

12.
We analyze the functioning of Gibbs-type entropy functionals in the time domain, with emphasis on Shannon and Kullback-Leibler entropies of time-dependent continuous probability distributions. The Shannon entropy validity is extended to probability distributions inferred from L 2(R n ) quantum wave packets. In contrast to the von Neumann entropy which simply vanishes on pure states, the differential entropy quantifies the degree of probability (de)localization and its time development. The associated dynamics of the Fisher information functional quantifies nontrivial power transfer processes in the mean, both in dissipative and quantum mechanical cases. PACS NUMBERS: 05.45.+b, 02.50.-r, 03.65.Ta, 03.67.-a  相似文献   

13.
Uncertainty relations based on information theory for both discrete and continuous distribution functions are briefly reviewed. We extend these results to account for (differential) Rényi entropy and its related entropy power. This allows us to find a new class of information-theoretic uncertainty relations (ITURs). The potency of such uncertainty relations in quantum mechanics is illustrated with a simple two-energy-level model where they outperform both the usual Robertson–Schrödinger uncertainty relation and Shannon entropy based uncertainty relation. In the continuous case the ensuing entropy power uncertainty relations are discussed in the context of heavy tailed wave functions and Schrödinger cat states. Again, improvement over both the Robertson–Schrödinger uncertainty principle and Shannon ITUR is demonstrated in these cases. Further salient issues such as the proof of a generalized entropy power inequality and a geometric picture of information-theoretic uncertainty relations are also discussed.  相似文献   

14.
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16.
The study on photon counting statistics is of fundamental importance in quantum optics. We theoretically analyzed the imperfect detection of an arbitrary quantum state. We derived photon counting formulae for six typical quantum states(i.e.,Fock, coherent, squeeze-vacuum, thermal, odd and even coherent states) with finite quantum efficiencies and dark counts based on multiple on/off detector arrays. We applied the formulae to the simulation of multiphoton number detections and obtained both the simulated and ideal photon number distributions of each state. A comparison between the results by using the fidelity and relative entropy was carried out to evaluate the detection scheme and help select detectors for different quantum states.  相似文献   

17.
Many methods have been experimented to study decoherence in quantum dot (QD). Tsallis, Shannon and Gaussian entropy have been used to study decoherence separately; in this paper, we compared the results of the Gaussian, Shannon, and Tsallis entropies in 0-D nanosystem. The linear combination operator and the unitary transformation was used to derive the magnetopolaron spectrum that strongly interacts with the LO phonons in the presence of an electric field in the pseudoharmonic and delta quantum dot. Numerical results revealed for the quantum pseudo dot that: (i) the amplitude of Gauss entropy is greater than the amplitude of Tsallis entropy which in turn is greater than the amplitude of Shannon entropy. The Tsallis entropy is not more significant in nanosystem compared to Shannon and Gauss entropies, (ii) with an increase of the zero point, the dominance of the Gauss entropy on the Shannon entropy was observed on one hand and the dominance of the Shannon entropy on the Tsallis entropy on the other hand; this suggested that in nanosystem, Gauss entropy is more suitable in the evaluation of the average of information in the system, for the delta quantum dot it was observed that (iii) when the Gauss entropy is considered, a lot of information about the system is missed. The collapse revival phenomenon in Shannon entropy was observed in RbCl and GaAs delta quantum dot with the enhancement of delta parameter; with an increase in this parameter, the system in the case of CsI evolved coherently; with Shannon and Tsallis entropies, information in the system is faster and coherently exchanged; (iv) the Shannon entropy is more significant because its amplitude outweighs the others when the delta dimension length enhances. The Tsallis entropy involves as wave bundle; which oscillate periodically with an increase of the oscillation period when delta dimension length is improved.  相似文献   

18.
《Physics letters. A》2014,378(5-6):497-504
We study the implications of quantum tunneling on information entropy measures (Shannon and Fisher), disequilibrium and LMC complexity in a Double Square Well Potential (DSWP), using the ammonia molecule as a test bed. We also apply a similar analysis to the Infinite Square Well Potential (ISWP) in order to compare the corresponding results with a system where tunneling is absent. In particular, we show that contrary to the Heisenberg uncertainty product, information-theoretic tools provide a more sensitive analysis and manage to differentiate DSWP from ISWP case, formulating an empirical criterion whether the tunneling effect is present or not.  相似文献   

19.
黄江  郭有能  谢钦 《中国物理 B》2016,25(2):20303-020303
We propose a scheme of quantum screening to enhance the parameter-estimation precision in open quantum systems by means of the dynamics of quantum Fisher information.The principle of quantum screening is based on an auxiliary system to inhibit the decoherence processes and erase the excited state to the ground state.By comparing the case without quantum screening,the results show that the dynamics of quantum Fisher information with quantum screening has a larger value during the evolution processes.  相似文献   

20.
The extremization of the information-theoretic measures (Fisher information, Shannon entropy, Tsallis entropy), which complementary describe the spreading of the physical states of natural systems, gives rise to fundamental equations of motion and/or conservation laws. At times, the associated extreme entropy distributions are known for some given constraints, usually moments or radial expectation values. In this work, first we give the existence conditions of the maxent probability distributions in a D-dimensional scenario where two moments (not necessarily of consecutive order) are known. Then we find general relations which involve four elements (the extremized entropy, the other two information-theoretic measures and the variance of the extremum density) in scenarios with different dimensionalities and moment constraints.  相似文献   

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