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The dynamics of tracers in crowded matrix is of interest in various areas of physics, such as the diffusion of proteins in living cells. By using two-dimensional (2D) Langevin dynamics simulations, we investigate the diffusive properties of a tracer of a diameter in crowded environments caused by randomly distributed crowders of a diameter. Results show that the emergence of subdiffusion of a tracer at intermediate time scales depends on the size ratio of the tracer to crowders δ. If δ falls between a lower critical size ratio and a upper one, the anomalous diffusion occurs purely due to the molecular crowding. Further analysis indicates that the physical origin of subdiffusion is the "cage effect". Moreover, the subdiffusion exponent α decreases with the increasing medium viscosity and the degree of crowding, and gets a minimum αmin=0.75 at δ=1. At long time scales, normal diffusion of a tracer is recovered. For δ≤1, the relative mobility of tracers is independent of the degree of crowding. Meanwhile, it is sensitive to the degree of crowding for δ>1. Our results are helpful in deepening the understanding of the diffusive properties of biomacromolecules that lie within crowded intracellular environments, such as proteins, DNA and ribosomes.  相似文献
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利用三维朗之万动力学模拟研究了多价态高分子链在受体平面上的吸附行为。其在受体平面上的吸附具有超选择性,随着高分子链上配体浓度的增大,发生超选择性吸附时的平面受体浓度范围变窄;而超选择性吸附最显著时的平面受体浓度,即最佳平面受体浓度随着链上配体浓度的增大而减小。对处于吸附态的多价态高分子链的构象性质进行了系统地研究,发现链的平衡回转半径Rg及其水平分量Rg},随着平面受体浓度的增大都存在极大值。其平衡回转半径Rg与其链长N间的标度指数表明当平面受体浓度的增大时,处于吸附态的链构象介于二维链构象和三维链构象之间;随着平面受体浓度的进一步增大,吸附在平面上的多价态高分子链发生轻微的塌缩  相似文献
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