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1.
Cadmium selenide quantum dot (CdSe QD) has been used as a dopant in ferroelectric liquid crystal (FLC) 2-methylbutyl 4-(4-decyloxybenzylideneamino) cinnamate (DOBAMBC). Effect of CdSe QD in DOBAMBC on its different electro-optical (E-O) properties has been studied in the SmC* phase. The optical micrographs recorded for the pure and composite material are showing good dispersion of QDs in the FLC matrix. Micrographs of unaligned sample cell revealed that CdSe QDs induce homeotropic alignment of FLC molecules. An appreciable change in the value of E-O parameters like tilt angle, spontaneous polarisation and response time with shifting of SmA–SmC* phase transition temperature has been observed for CdSe QD–DOBAMBC composite. The observed properties of composite system have been discussed on the basis of surface properties of QDs in FLC system.  相似文献   
2.
New achiral four-ring unsymmetrical bent-core mesogens derived from 2,5-dihydroxybenzaldehyde and their copper(II) complexes have been synthesised as a new design with an imine and ester linkage. These new bent-core molecules resemble hockey-stick shape, which possesses 4-n-alkyloxy chain (4-n-hexyloxy and 4-n-decyloxy) at one end and methyl or methoxy group at the other end of the molecule. The synthesis, spectroscopic characterisation, phase transition temperature and characterisation of phase behaviour are reported. The bent-core molecules exhibited monotropic nematic and smectic A phase depending on the terminal chain length. Interestingly, copper(II) complexes of bent-core molecules displayed monotropic nematic phase. This is the first report on copper(II) complexes of bent-core molecules that exhibited nematic phase. The four-ring bent-core molecule exhibited fluorescence with large stoke shift. The density functional theory calculations of bent-core molecules and their copper(II) complexes are carried out using Gaussian 09 program at B3LYP level to obtain the stable molecular conformation, dipole moment, highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO), lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) energies and bending angle of the compounds. The natural atomic charges and electronic configurations of the atoms of free ligands as well as the complexes have been evaluated.  相似文献   
3.
锂硫电池中较差的循环稳定性和倍率性能是实现锂硫电池商业化的技术障碍,其主要原因之一是多硫化物在硫电极内的电化学转化速率较为缓慢。为此,我们以ZIF-9为前驱体,采用先碳化,再酸化刻蚀,最后硒化的方法合成了含少量催化剂的CoSe修饰氮掺杂多孔碳(CoSe/NC)电极材料,以期提高硫电极内多硫化物的电化学转化动力学性能,并通过流动液相三电极体系对该材料进行电化学动力学表征。结果显示,相较于对比材料,CoSe/NC能够加快多硫化物的氧化还原反应速率,在0.2mA·cm-2电流密度下,多硫化物氧化还原反应在CoSe/NC电极上有最小的反应过电位;同时,在0.1 V过电位下,各氧化还原反应也有最大的响应电流。因此,将CoSe/NC作为硫宿主材料组装电池展现了优异的电化学性能:在1C(1C=1 675 mA·g-1)下初始放电比容量为1 068 mAh·g-1,经过500次循环后,可逆容量仍保持在693 mAh·g-1。另外,在3C的高电流密度下,放电比容量可高达819 mAh·g-1。  相似文献   
4.
This paper studies an inverse hyperbolic problem for the wave equation with dynamic boundary conditions. It consists of determining some forcing terms from the final overdetermination of the displacement. First, the Fréchet differentiability of the Tikhonov functional is studied, and a gradient formula is obtained via the solution of an associated adjoint problem. Then, the Lipschitz continuity of the gradient is proved. Furthermore, the existence and the uniqueness for the minimization problem are discussed. Finally, some numerical experiments for the reconstruction of an internal wave force are implemented via a conjugate gradient algorithm.  相似文献   
5.
We consider the following system with critical exponent in RN:{?Δu=K1(y)u2??1+p2?V(y)up?1vq in RN,?Δv=K2(y)v2??1+q2?V(y)upvq?1 in RN,u,v>0,yRN, where N5, p,q>1 and p+q=2?=2NN?2. Using finite dimensional reduction method, we prove the existence of multi-bump solutions. Their bumps can be placed on arbitrarily many or even infinitely many lattice points in RN. Since p<2 or q<2, we introduce two new norms to avoid singularity.  相似文献   
6.
In bounded convex domains, the regularity of a vector field u with its divu, curlu in Lr space and the tangential component or the normal component of u over the boundary in Lr space, is established for 1<r<. As an application, we derive an Hr(curl,Ω) estimate for solutions to a Maxwell type system with an inhomogeneous boundary condition in convex domains. In contrast to the well-posed region of r in the space Hr(curl,Ω) for the Maxwell type system in Lipschitz domains given by Kar and Sini (2016) [16], we extend the well-posed region to be optimal.  相似文献   
7.
A reflective subuniverse in homotopy type theory is an internal version of the notion of a localization in topology or in the theory of ∞-categories. Working in homotopy type theory, we give new characterizations of the following conditions on a reflective subuniverse L: (1) the associated subuniverse L of L-separated types is a modality; (2) L is a modality; (3) L is a lex modality; and (4) L is a cotopological modality. In each case, we give several necessary and sufficient conditions. Our characterizations involve various families of maps associated to L, such as the L-étale maps, the L-equivalences, the L-local maps, the L-connected maps, the unit maps ηX, and their left and/or right orthogonal complements. More generally, our main theorem gives an overview of how all of these classes related to each other. We also give examples that show that all of the inclusions we describe between these classes of maps can be strict.  相似文献   
8.
In this paper, sufficient conditions for preservation of several transform orders under a typical family of semiparametric distributions are made. The preservation properties are developed to compare mixture semiparametric distributions. Possible applications of the achieved results to compare scale family of distributions and also compare coherent systems with dependent but identical components and series and parallel systems with randomized number of components are provided.  相似文献   
9.
This paper is considering the problem of traveling wave solutions (TWS) for a susceptible-exposed-infectious-recovered (SEIR) epidemic model with discrete diffusion. The threshold condition for the existence and nonexistence of TWS is obtained. More specifically, such kind of solutions are governed by the threshold number ?0. We can find a critical wave speed c? if ?0 > 1, by employing the Schauder's fixed point theorem, limiting argument and two-sided Laplace transform, we confirm that there exists TWS for c > c?, while there exists no TWS for c < c?. We also obtain the nonexistence of TWS for ?0 ≤ 1. At last, we give some biological explanations from the epidemiological perspective.  相似文献   
10.
基于时滞动力学模型对钻石公主号邮轮疫情的分析   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
2019年末以来,新型冠状病毒肺炎迅速蔓延的疫情引发了全球关注.文献[5-6]提出了一类时滞动力学系统的新冠肺炎传播模型用以描述疫情的发展趋势.文献[7]在此基础上,结合CCDC统计数据,提出了一类基于CCDC统计数据的随机时滞动力学模型.本文将使用以上两类模型研究分析"钻石公主号"邮轮的疫情发展.基于日本厚生劳动省公布的数据,本文准确反演出模型参数,进而有效模拟当前疫情的发展,并预测疫情未来的趋势,发现在疫情爆发初期基本再生数R0(t)较大,而后随着防控措施加强而逐渐减小;约在2月下旬,累计确诊人数增长速度放缓,在3月上旬,累计确诊人数趋于稳定,即无新增确诊人数,疫情得到有效控制;最终累计确诊人数对隔离率变化敏感,隔离率升高,最终累计确诊人数将有显著下降.针对传染率较高、隔离率较低的问题,本文建议日本政府进一步加强防控措施,抑制疫情的大规模爆发.  相似文献   
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