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1.
The semiconductor industry is shifting towards innovation and acquisition of intellectual property. Semiconductor-Intellectual-Property (SIP) design, a new industry, is also rapidly growing. This challenges both providers and users to develop infrastructure and standard interfaces. Establishing an SIP Mall to provide a full array of SIP business services is a new concept used to promote growth of the SIP industry. Many foundries and governments have been involved in setting up SIP Malls; however, the major services needed for an SIP Mall to attract SIP providers and SIP users must still be clarified. In this paper, the DEMATEL (DEcision MAking Trial and Evaluation Laboratory) method was used to discover and illustrate the key services needed to attract SIP users and SIP providers to an SIP Mall. Research enabled the derivation of the interrelated services and the structural interrelationship between them using the DEMATEL method. Overall, four key services were found to be vital for an SIP Mall to attract customers and to allocate resources efficiently.  相似文献   
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Because of the conflicting nature of criteria or objectives, solving a multiobjective optimization problem typically requires interaction with a decision maker who can specify preference information related to the objectives in the problem in question. Due to the difficulties of dealing with multiple objectives, the way information is presented plays a very important role. Questions posed to the decision maker must be simple enough and information shown must be easy to understand. For this purpose, visualization and graphical representations can be useful and constitute one of the main tools used in the literature. In this paper, we propose to use box indices to represent information related to different solution alternatives of multiobjective optimization problems involving at least three objectives. Box indices are an intelligible and easy to handle way to represent data. They are based on evaluating the solutions in a natural and rough enough scale in order to let the decision maker easily recognize the main characteristics of a solution at a glance and to facilitate comparison of two or more solutions in an easily understandable way.  相似文献   
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Abstract In this paper, we develop a land use allocation model to search for the optimal ratio of organic (nonchemical) and conventional (chemical‐use) farming acreage. The idea is to incorporate stochastic production frontiers (SPFs) to a multi‐criteria decision making (MCDM) model as technological constraints. The objectives of this model are to maximize net returns, minimize chemical inputs, and optimize organic inputs given environmental and ecological concerns. The compromise solutions suggest the desirable ratio of organic and conventional farming acreage and targetable operations for each farming system to improve regional welfare. This method was applied to the Kona coffee belt, Hawaii, and the analysis determined the optimal proportion of organic and conventional Kona coffee farming fields as 0.265 to 0.735 in terms of optimizing community benefits or regional welfare.  相似文献   
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The VIKOR method was developed for multi-criteria optimization of complex systems. It determines the compromise ranking list and the compromise solution obtained with the initial (given) weights. This method focuses on ranking and selecting from a set of alternatives in the presence of conflicting criteria. It introduces the multi-criteria ranking index based on the particular measure of “closeness” to the “ideal” solution. The aim of this paper is to extend the VIKOR method for decision making problems with interval number. The extended VIKOR method’s ranking is obtained through comparison of interval numbers and for doing the comparisons between intervals, we introduce α as optimism level of decision maker. Finally, a numerical example illustrates and clarifies the main results developed in this paper.  相似文献   
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Outsourcing is a good strategy for firms that need to reduce operating costs and improve competitiveness and it is important that firms scientifically select appropriate outsourcing providers. Some efforts have been made to find systematic ways to deal with outsourcing problems, but these efforts incorrectly assumed that the criteria used in the decision process are independent, which is not true in the real world. In this study, we propose a new hybrid multiple criteria decision-making (MCDM) model, which addresses the dependent relationships between the various criteria. The relations-structure among the criteria is built with the aid of the decision-making trial and evaluation laboratory (DEMATEL) method. Decision-makers tend to hold diverse opinions about their preferences due to incomplete information and knowledge, or inherent conflict between various departments. We further used the fuzzy preference programming and the analytic network process (ANP) to form a model for the selection of partners for outsourcing providers. The proposed model can help practitioners improve their decision making process, especially when criteria are numerous and inter-related. The method is demonstrated using data from a Taiwanese airline.  相似文献   
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给出目标信息系统学习的多准则决策方法,建立多准则决策的规则学习模型,讨论该模型的性质。该模型优于Z.Pawlak方法,将规则提取与信息融合为一体。也优于AHP等模型,具有简洁性.通过实例计算,取得了满意结果。  相似文献   
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本文针对不确定条件下多属性决策问题,扩展了原有多属性决策的概念,引入了比较因素与次比较因素,获得了其一些代数性质以及相应的定理。在此基础上,给出了不确定条件下多属性决策的比较因素法。  相似文献   
9.
Promotion is an essential stage of any product life cycle. All firms either concerned with single or multiple products promote their products. Advertising is the most dominated form of promotion for most of the products. Our research focuses on firms which produces a multiple range of products and advertise them using available media options. The budget constraint forms the major restriction. The existing research in media allocation of multiple products ignores the market segmentation and formulates the media plan assuming all segments alike. In this paper we formulate a media planning problem for allocating the available budget in multiple media that are found suitable for the advertising of multiple products considering marketing segmentation aspect of advertising. The objective is to maximize the total reach in all the segments. Goal programming technique is used to solve the problem. A case study is presented to show the real life application of the model.  相似文献   
10.
CRT显示器稳定性实验研究   总被引:4,自引:1,他引:3  
用屏幕色度计对一台SONY-G520显示器的显色特性进行了测量,研究了其开机稳定性和短、中、长期内的色差及色度偏差。实验结果表明,开机后,显示器的亮度Y和色度x,y分别可在2h,30min和1h达到相对稳定状态,且在达到相对稳定后,在短、中、长期内的平均色差分别为0.0611,0.1469和1.2536CIELAB色差单位;在中期内,Y,x,y,L,a,b的平均偏差分别为0.0663,0.0008,0.0015,0.0695,0.4740和0.1766。通过对显示器稳定性的测量,为在对比度敏感测量和色貌模型、图像质量、图像感知模型评价等研究领域中用显示器进行实验研究奠定了基础。  相似文献   
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