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1.
Non-thermal plasma (NTP) and combined plasma-MnO2 catalytic (CPMC) air cleaners were tested for removal of low-concentration benzene in air. Both air cleaners were made of stainless steel needle matrix plate and used DC corona discharger. The effects of discharge power and relative humidity (RH) on benzene removal efficiency were investigated in a closed chamber. The intermediate products produced in purification processes were analyzed using gas chromatography-mass spectrometer (GC-MS). The concentrations of discharge byproducts and CO2 selectivity produced in both processes were also compared. It was found that the benzene removal efficiency increased with discharge power in both systems; With the increase of RH in air, benzene removal efficiency firstly increased and then decreased in NTP while it gradually decreased in CPMC. For a fixed discharge power of 9 W and RH of 20% in CPMC, the conversion of benzene increased from 82.9% to 89.6%, the CO2 selectivity increased from 38% to 80%, the concentration of O3 decreased from 25.3 ppm to 1.3 ppm, and NO2 formation decreased from 234 ppm to 25.7 ppm, compared with NTP.  相似文献   
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A numerical approach is proposed to simulate the interaction between flow and flexible nets in steady current. The numerical approach is based on the joint use of the porous-media model and the lumped-mass model. The configuration of flexible nets can be simulated using the lumped-mass model and the flow field around fishing nets can be simulated using the porous-media model. Using an appropriate iterative scheme, the fluid–structure interaction problem can be solved and the steady flow field around flexible nets can be obtained. In order to validate the numerical models, the numerical results were compared with the data obtained from corresponding physical model tests. The comparisons show that the numerical results are in good agreement with the experimental data. Using the proposed numerical approach, this paper presents the flow field around a single flexible net and two flexible nets with a spacing distance. Both the configuration of the flexible nets and the flow velocity results are in accordance with those of the corresponding physical model tests.  相似文献   
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Micro-sized NaY(MoO4)2:Tb3+ phosphors with dendritic morphology was synthesized by a ionic liquid-assisted hydrothermal process. X-ray diffraction (XRD) indicated that the as-prepared product is pure tetragonal phase of NaY(MoO4)2. Field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM) images showed that the as-prepared NaY(MoO4)2:Tb3+ phosphors have dendritic morphology. The photoluminescent (PL) spectra displayed that the as-prepared NaY(MoO4)2:Tb3+ phosphors show a stronger green emission with main emission wavelength 545 nm corresponding to the 5D47F5 transition of Tb3+ ion, and the optimal Tb3+ doping concentration for obtaining maximum emission intensity was confirmed to be 10 mol%. Based on Van Uitert's and Dexter's models the electric dipole–dipole (D–D) interaction was confirmed to be responsible for the concentration quenching of 5D4 fluorescence of Tb3+ in the NaY(MoO4)2:Tb3+ phosphors. The intrinsic radiative transition lifetime of 5D4 level is found to be 0.703 ms.  相似文献   
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NaYF4 microcrystals co-doped with Ho3+ and Yb3+ were prepared by a facile hydrothermal synthesis. The products were characterized by X-ray diffractometer, scanning electron microscopy, and photoluminescence spectroscopy. Upon excitation with a 980 nm laser diode, the sample shows an intense green upconversion emission centered at 540 nm corresponding to the 5S25I8 transition of Ho3+. The quadratic dependence of the green emission intensity on the excitation power reveals a two-phonon upconversion process. On the contrary, upon excitation with 448 nm, both visible and near-infrared emissions peaked at 483, 540, 644, 749, and 978 nm are simultaneously observed, which could be assigned to the electronic transitions of Ho3+: 5F35I8, 5S25I8, 5F55I8, 5S25I7, and Yb3+: 2F5/22F7/2, respectively. The energy transfer processes between Ho3+ and Yb3+ ions and the involved mechanisms have been investigated and discussed.  相似文献   
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本文实验研究了采用直、弯静叶的某重复级低速压气机在不同时序位置时的总性能及横截面流场特性.在不同流量工况下对压气机整体性能及流场进行了详细测量.结果表明,采用正弯静叶的压气机时序效应相对较弱且喘振裕度有所增加;同时,在压比略有减小的前提下(0.1%级别),凭借消耗扭轴功的大幅F降(3%左右),效率在设计工况下最大可提高...  相似文献   
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了解有旋和无旋突扩气粒两相详细湍流结构对控制燃料-空气混合、火焰稳定以及燃烧污染物生成很重要.周力行等曾经对其中的两相时平均流场和湍流特性进行过雷诺平均的RANS模拟和测量的研究,但是BANS模拟不能给出详细的两相湍流的瞬态结构.本文建立了二阶矩两相亚网格尺度应力模型,对有旋和无旋同轴突扩气粒两相流动进行了双流体大涡模...  相似文献   
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热荷载作用下Timoshenko功能梯度夹层梁的静态响应   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
在精确考虑轴线伸长和一阶横向剪切变形的基础上建立了Timoshenko功能梯度夹层梁在热载荷作用下的几何非线性控制方程.采用打靶法数值求解所得强非线性边值问题,获得了两端固支功能梯度夹层梁在横向非均匀升温作用下的静态热过屈曲和热弯曲变形数值解.分析了功能梯度材料参数变化、不同表层厚度和升温参数对夹层梁弯曲变形、拉-弯耦...  相似文献   
10.
Langmuir双探针诊断Ne辉光放电管电子密度   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
应用Langmuir双探针诊断理论,对充有氖气的石英放电管中的辉光放电等离子体进行了诊断,通过实验测得伏安特性曲线,计算得出电子温度和电子密度,讨论了等离子体的宏观参量与电子温度和电子密度的关系.采用直径为0.1 mm的探针对等离子体进行诊断,不仅减小了对所测等离子体区域的扰动,而且减小了读取伏安特性曲线所带来的误差.  相似文献   
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