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1.
Tang  Yixuan  Tian  Qiang  Hu  Haiyan 《Nonlinear dynamics》2022,109(4):2319-2354
Nonlinear Dynamics - To describe the particular mechanical behaviors of beams with both uniform and non-uniform cross sections, such as the bidirectional bending, torsion-bending coupling, the...  相似文献   
2.
Sun  J.  Yuan  H. 《Experimental Mechanics》2021,61(3):565-580
Experimental Mechanics - Temperature gradients significantly affect the material fatigue process. A reliable and robust test procedure is needed for quantifying the effects of temperature gradients...  相似文献   
3.
Recent success in strain engineering has triggered tremendous interest in its study and potential applications in nanodevice design. In this paper, we establish a coupled piezoelectric/semiconducting model for a wurtzite structure ZnO nanofiber under the local mechanical loading. The energy band structure tuned by the local mechanical loading and local length is calculated via an eight-band k·p method, which includes the coupling of valance and conduction bands. Poisson's effect on the distribution of electric potential inversely depends on the local mechanical loading. Numerical results reveal that both the applied local mechanical loading and the local length exhibit obvious tuning effects on the electric potential and energy band. The band gap at band edges varies linearly with the applied loading. Changing the local length shifts the energy band which is far away from the band edges. This study will be useful in the electronic and optical enhancement of semiconductor devices.  相似文献   
4.
Liu  Jingze  Fei  Qingguo  Wu  Shaoqing  Tang  Zhenhuan  Zhang  Dahai 《Nonlinear dynamics》2021,106(3):1869-1890
Nonlinear Dynamics - Rolling bearing and squeeze film damper will introduce structural nonlinearity into the dynamic model of aeroengine. Rubbing will occur due to the clearance reduction design of...  相似文献   
5.
Some bouncing models are investigated in the framework of an extended theory of gravity. The extended gravity model is a simple extension of the General Relativity where an additional matter geometry coupling is introduced to account for the late time cosmic speed up phenomena. The dynamics of the models are discussed in the background of a flat FRW universe. Some viable models are reconstructed for specifically assumed bouncing scale factors. The behavior of the models are found to be decided mostly by the parameters of the respective models. The extended gravity based minimal matter-geometry coupling parameter has a role to remove the omega singularity occurring at the bouncing epoch. It is noted that the constructed models violate the energy conditions, however, in some cases this violation leads to the evolution of the models in phantom phase. The stability of the models are analyzed under linear homogeneous perturbations and it is found that, near the bounce, the models show instability but the perturbations decay out smoothly to provide stable models at late times.  相似文献   
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7.
人体内大部分生物学过程都离不开细胞黏附.细胞黏附行为主要由锚定于细胞膜上的特异性分子(又称受体和配体)的结合动力学关系来决定.已有研究表明,特异性分子的结合关系受外力及细胞膜波动等多种因素影响.然而,特异性分子刚度对细胞膜锚定受体 配体结合关系的影响机制仍不清楚.近期关于新冠病毒强传染力的研究表明,特异性黏附分子刚度对病毒与细胞结合具有重要影响.该文通过建立生物膜黏附的粗粒度模型,借助分子模拟和理论分析来研究分子刚度在黏附中的作用.结果表明,始终存在一个最佳膜间距及最佳分子刚度值,使得黏附分子亲和力和结合动力学参数达到最大值.这项研究不仅能加深人们对细胞黏附的认知,还有助于指导药物设计、疫苗研发等.  相似文献   
8.
在磁约束核聚变堆的面对等离子部件设计中,液态金属锂膜流因具有带走杂质、保护面对等离子固壁等优点而被认为是优选方案之一. 然而,如何克服聚变堆中强磁场环境下产生的磁流体力学效应并形成大面积均匀铺展锂膜流动是目前亟需解决的问题.本文通过搭建室温液 态镓铟锡回路和高温液态锂回路,开展了两种不同特性的液态金属膜流实验, 并采用传统可视化方法获得了展向磁场存在时镓铟锡和锂在导电底板形成的液膜流动表面特征.实验结果 表明: 无磁场时,两种液态金属膜流流动表面波动特性与常规流体膜流均一致, 即随着流动雷诺数的增加表面波动变得更为混乱; 而展向磁场存在时,镓铟锡膜流表面波动变得更为规则, 且沿着磁场方向平行排列,表现为拟二维波动的特征; 而锂膜流却产生了明显的磁流体 力学阻力效应,表现为在流动方向局部产生锂滞留现象, 且滞留点随雷诺数增大向下游移动. 最后通过膜流受力分析,进一步阐述了锂膜流受到比镓铟锡膜流更为严重磁流体力学效应影响的原因.   相似文献   
9.
A three-dimensional compressible Direct Numerical Simulation (DNS) analysis has been carried out for head-on quenching of a statistically planar stoichiometric methane-air flame by an isothermal inert wall. A multi-step chemical mechanism for methane-air combustion is used for the purpose of detailed chemistry DNS. For head-on quenching of stoichiometric methane-air flames, the mass fractions of major reactant species such as methane and oxygen tend to vanish at the wall during flame quenching. The absence of \(\text {OH}\) at the wall gives rise to accumulation of carbon monoxide during flame quenching because \(\text {CO}\) cannot be oxidised anymore. Furthermore, it has been found that low-temperature reactions give rise to accumulation of \(\text {HO}_{2}\) and \(\mathrm {H}_{2}\mathrm {O}_{2}\) at the wall during flame quenching. Moreover, these low temperature reactions are responsible for non-zero heat release rate at the wall during flame-wall interaction. In order to perform an in-depth comparison between simple and detailed chemistry DNS results, a corresponding simulation has been carried out for the same turbulence parameters for a representative single-step Arrhenius type irreversible chemical mechanism. In the corresponding simple chemistry simulation, heat release rate vanishes once the flame reaches a threshold distance from the wall. The distributions of reaction progress variable c and non-dimensional temperature T are found to be identical to each other away from the wall for the simple chemistry simulation but this equality does not hold during head-on quenching. The inequality between c (defined based on \(\text {CH}_{4}\) mass fraction) and T holds both away from and close to the wall for the detailed chemistry simulation but it becomes particularly prominent in the near-wall region. The temporal evolutions of wall heat flux and wall Peclet number (i.e. normalised wall-normal distance of \(T = 0.9\) isosurface) for both simple and detailed chemistry laminar and turbulent cases have been found to be qualitatively similar. However, small differences have been observed in the numerical values of the maximum normalised wall heat flux magnitude \(\left ({\Phi }_{\max } \right )_{\mathrm {L}}\) and the minimum Peclet number \((Pe_{\min })_{\mathrm {L}}\) obtained from simple and detailed chemistry based laminar head-on quenching calculations. Detailed explanations have been provided for the observed differences in behaviours of \(\left ({\Phi }_{\max }\right )_{\mathrm {L}}\) and \((Pe_{\min })_{\mathrm {L}}\). The usual Flame Surface Density (FSD) and scalar dissipation rate (SDR) based reaction rate closures do not adequately predict the mean reaction rate of reaction progress variable in the near-wall region for both simple and detailed chemistry simulations. It has been found that recently proposed FSD and SDR based reaction rate closures based on a-priori DNS analysis of simple chemistry data perform satisfactorily also for the detailed chemistry case both away from and close to the wall without any adjustment to the model parameters.  相似文献   
10.
Large cable net structures have been widely applied in aerospace engineering due to the feature of light-weight, high packaging efficiency, and high thermal stability. Structural vibrations induced by a variety of disturbances are inevitable in the space environment, resulting in the requirement of effective vibration control strategies for large cable net structures. Since the large cable net structures have many closely spaced vibrational modes in the range of low frequencies, traditional modal based control may cause modal truncation and spillover problems. In this paper, a wave-based boundary control strategy is adopted and its effectiveness to control the vibration of cable net structures is investigated, by transfer function analysis and numerical methods. It is found that the structural vibration can be absolutely resisted by applying the wave-based boundary controllers onto all the exterior nodes, when disturbances come from the external boundaries of the cable net. Our results in this paper can provide a theoretical basis for the vibration control of large cable net structures.  相似文献   
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