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1.
This paper proposes a coupling strategy that can be used for transient fluid–structure interaction. The objective of this paper is to propose a time integrator coupling strategy, which ensures good properties to couple typical solid and typical fluid time integrators in linear cases. It is evaluated on a 1‐D toy problem only dedicated to the study of the quality of time integrators coupling. The structure is discretized by the linear finite element method and solved in time by the Newmark scheme, whereas the finite difference and finite volume methods are used for the fluid subdomain. By projecting the fluid equations on the eigenvector, we obtain a compatibility relation that corresponds to the characteristic line that transfers the fluid information from the inside to the fluid–structure interface. With this appropriate compatibility relation and the solid equations, the interface status is predicted for the next time step, ensuring zero interface energy. Hence, the order of accuracy and the stability are preserved to the minimum level of the two parts, the structure and the fluid. Furthermore, the coupling strategy allows incompatible time steps. Some numerical results are obtained for the 1‐D linear problem, and a good agreement with the analytical solution has been found. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.  相似文献   

2.
填埋气体迁移气-热-力耦合动力学模型的研究   总被引:8,自引:1,他引:8  
基于连续介质力学—势弹性力学原理,运用多场耦合理论建立了填理场中可压缩垃圾气体迁移耦合的动力学模型,并采用摄动法及积分变换法对该强非线性数学模型进行拟解析求解。通过算例对比分析,探讨了耦侵动力场中气压、温度和应力变化对可压缩气体迁移的影响,得出了垃圾气体迁移过程中的孔隙压力分布规律。结果表明,三场耦合作用与非耦合作用相对差别较大,耦合效应不能忽略。这为定量化研究垃圾气体在填埋场中的扩散状况以及污染气体的排放和收集、防止二次污染提供了可靠的理论依据。  相似文献   

3.
In this article we analyze the problem of the thermal coupling of fluids and solids through a common interface. We state the global thermal problem in the whole domain, including the fluid part and the solid part. This global thermal problem presents discontinuous physical properties that depend on the solution of auxiliary problems on each part of the domain (a fluid flow problem and a solid state problem). We present a domain decomposition strategy to iteratively solve problems posed in both subdomains and discuss some implementation aspects of the algorithm. This domain decomposition framework is also used to revisit the use of wall function approaches used in this context. Copyright © 2008 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.  相似文献   

4.
We study the problem of two-dimensional fluid flow past a gas bubble adjacent to an infinite rectilinear solid wall.Two-dimensional ideal fluid flow past a gas bubble on whose boundary surface-tension forces act (or a gas bubble bounded by an elastic film) has been studied by several authors. Zhukovskii, who first studied jet flows with consideration of the capillary forces, constructed an exact solution of the problem of symmetric flow past a gas bubble in a rectilinear channel [1]. However, Zhukovskii's solution is not the general solution of the problem; in particular, we cannot obtain the flow past an isolated bubble from his solution. Slezkin [2] reduced the problem of symmetric flow of an infinite fluid stream past a bubble to the study of a nonlinear integral equation. The numerical solution of this problem has recently been found by Petrova [3]. McLeod [4] obtained an exact solution under the assumption that the gas pressure p1 in the bubble equals the flow stagnation pressure p0. Beyer [5] proved the existence of a solution to the problem of flow of a stream having a given velocity circulation provided p1p0.We examine the problem of two-dimensional ideal fluid flow past a gas bubble adjacent to an infinite rectilinear solid wall. The solution depends on the value of the contact angle . The existence of a solution is proved in some range of variation of the parameters, and a technique for finding this solution is given. The situation in which =1/2 is studied in detail.  相似文献   

5.
Fluid–structure coupling is addressed through a unified equation for compressible Newtonian fluid flow and elastic solid deformation. This is done by introducing thermodynamics within Cauchy׳s equation through the isothermal compressibility coefficient that is experimentally measurable for both fluids and solids. The vectorial resolution of the governing equation, where every component of velocity vectors and displacement variation vectors is calculated simultaneously in the overall multi-phase system, is characteristic of a monolithic resolution involving no iterative coupling. For system equation closure, mass density and pressure are both re-actualized from velocity vector divergence, when the shear stress tensor within the solid phase is re-actualized from the displacement variation vectors. This novel approach is first validated on a two-phase system, involving a plane fluid–solid interface, through the two following test cases: (i) steady-state compression and (ii) longitudinal and transverse elastic wave propagations. Then the 3D study of compressive fluid injection towards an elastic solid is analyzed from initial time to steady-state evolution.  相似文献   

6.
A special type of fluid–structure interaction (FSI) problems are problems with periodic boundary conditions like in turbomachinery. The steady state FSI response of these problems is usually calculated with similar techniques as used for transient FSI analyses. This means that, when the fluid and structure problem are not simultaneously solved with a monolithic approach, the problem is partitioned into a fluid and structural part and that each time step coupling iterations are performed to account for strong interactions between the two sub-domains. This paper shows that a time-partitioned FSI computation can be very inefficient to compute the steady state FSI response of periodic problems. A new approach is introduced in which coupling iterations are performed on periodic level instead of per time step. The convergence behaviour can be significantly improved by implementing existing partitioned solution methods as used for time step coupling (TSC) algorithms in the time periodic coupling (TPC) framework. The new algorithm has been evaluated by comparing the convergence behaviour to TSC algorithms. It is shown that the number of fluid–structure evaluations can be considerably reduced when a TPC algorithm is applied instead of a TSC. One of the most appealing advantages of the TPC approach is that the structural problem can be solved in the frequency domain resulting in a very efficient algorithm for computing steady state FSI responses.  相似文献   

7.
An immersed smoothed point interpolation method using 3‐node triangular background cells is proposed to solve 2D fluid‐structure interaction problems for solids with large deformation/displacement placed in incompressible viscous fluid. In the framework of immersed‐type method, the governing equations can be decomposed into 3 parts on the basis of the fictitious fluid assumption. The incompressible Navier‐Stokes equations are solved using the semi‐implicit characteristic‐based split scheme, and solids are simulated using the newly developed edge‐based smoothed point interpolation method. The fictitious fluid domain can be used to calculate the coupling force. The numerical results show that immersed smoothed point interpolation method can avoid remeshing for moving solid based on immersed operation and simulate the contact phenomenon without an additional treatment between the solid and the fluid boundary. The influence from information transfer between solid domain and fluid domain on fluid‐structure interaction problems has been investigated. The numerical results show that the proposed interpolation schemes will generally improve the accuracy for simulating both fluid flows and solid structures.  相似文献   

8.
求解和阵流固耦合方程,必须先求出独立参数D。本文介绍了一种求解方形截面情况下参数D的差分方法,首先根据边界条件,得到了求解局部问题的差分模型,在此基础上求出局部函数χ(y1,y2)在流体域内各离散网格点上的值,绘出了局部压力场的等值线图,并由此计算参数D的值,然后发迹λ值,重复相同的运算,最后绘出D随λ变化曲线,并和一种渐近解作了比较。结果表明,该数值解法简明、准确。  相似文献   

9.
This paper studies the propagation of a plane-strain fluid-driven fracture with a fluid lag in an elastic solid. The fracture is driven by a constant rate of injection of an incompressible viscous fluid at the fracture inlet. The leak-off of the fracturing fluid into the host solid is considered negligible. The viscous fluid flow is lagging behind an advancing fracture tip, and the resulting tip cavity is assumed to be filled at some specified low pressure with either fluid vapor (impermeable host solid) or pore-fluids infiltrating from the permeable host solid. The scaling analysis allows to reduce problem parametric space to two lumped dimensionless parameters with the meaning of the solid toughness and of the tip underpressure (difference between the specified pressure in the tip cavity and the far field confining stress). A constant lumped toughness parameter uniquely defines solution trajectory in the parametric space, while time-varying lumped tip underpressure parameter describes evolution along the trajectory. Further analysis identifies the early and large time asymptotic states of the fracture evolution as corresponding to the small and large tip underpressure solutions, respectively. The former solution is obtained numerically herein and is characterized by a maximum fluid lag (as a fraction of the crack length), while the latter corresponds to the zero-lag solution of Spence and Sharp [Spence, D.A., Sharp, P.W., 1985. Self-similar solution for elastohydrodynamic cavity flow. Proc. Roy. Soc. London, Ser. A (400), 289–313]. The self-similarity at small/large tip underpressure implies that the solution for crack length, crack opening and net fluid pressure in the fluid-filled part of the crack is a given power-law of time, while the fluid lag is a constant fraction of the increasing fracture length. Evolution of a fluid-driven fracture between the two limit states corresponds to gradual expansion of the fluid-filled region and disappearance of the fluid lag. For small solid toughness and small tip underpressure, the fracture is practically devoid of fluid, which is localized into a narrow region near the fracture inlet. Corresponding asymptotic solution on the fracture lengthscale corresponds to that of a crack loaded by a pair of point forces which magnitude is determined from the coupled hydromechanical solution in the fluid-filled region near the crack inlet. For large solid toughness, the fluid lag is vanishingly small at any underpressure and the solution is adequately approximated by the zero-lag self-similar large toughness solution at any stage of fracture evolution. The small underpressure asymptotic solutions obtained in this work are sought to provide initial condition for the propagation of fractures which are initially under plane-strain conditions.  相似文献   

10.
气固两相边界层中固粒与拟序结构相互作用的研究   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
林建忠  朱泽飞 《力学季刊》1998,19(4):310-318
本文对气固两相边界层中固体颗粒与拟序结构的相互作用进行了研究,建立了基于速度修正的双向耦合模型,提出了计算固粒对流场反作用的新方法以及大大减少计算量的快速涡方法,并据此得到了边界气固两相之间的相互作用结果。  相似文献   

11.
Pipelines conveying a multiphase mixture must withstand the cyclic induced stresses that occur due to the alternating motion of gas pockets and liquid slugs. Few previous studies have considered gas–liquid slug flow and the associated fluid–structure interaction problems. In this study, experimental and numerical techniques were adopted to simulate and analyze the two-phase slug flow and the associated stresses in the pipe structure. In the numerical simulation, a one-way coupled fluid–structure framework was developed to explore the slug flow interaction with a horizontal pipe assembly under various superficial gas and liquid velocities. A modified Volume of Fluid and finite element methods were utilized to model the fluid and structure domains. The file-based coupling technique was adopted to execute the coupling mechanism. By contrast, slug characteristics were measured experimentally, while Bi-axial strain gauges were used to capture time-varying strain signals. Excellent agreements between the predicted and measured stress results were achieved with a maximum error of 10.2 %. It was found that at constant superficial liquid velocity, the maximum induced stresses on the pipe wall increased with increasing the slug length and slug velocity. While for the slug frequency, the maximum principal stresses decreased with increasing the slug frequency.  相似文献   

12.
海洋地震工程流固耦合问题统一计算框架   总被引:10,自引:8,他引:2  
海底地震动的模拟以及海洋工程结构的地震反应分析中,涉及到海水、饱和海床、弹性基岩、结构之间的相互耦合.传统的方法分别采用声波方程描述理想流体、Biot方程描述饱和海床、弹性波方程描述基岩和结构,分别考虑相互之间的耦合,十分不便.本文基于理想流体、固体分别为饱和多孔介质的特殊情形(孔隙率分别为1和0),由饱和多孔介质的Biot方程可退化得到理想流体的声波方程和固体的弹性波方程.然后,以饱和多孔介质方程为基础,经集中质量有限元离散,考虑不同孔隙率的饱和多孔介质之间耦合的一般情形,建立了该耦合情形的求解方法.进一步论证了该一般情形的耦合计算方法可分别退化到流体与固体、流体与饱和多孔介质、固体与饱和多孔介质之间的耦合计算,从而将流体、固体、饱和多孔介质间的耦合问题纳入到统一计算框架,并编制了相应的三维并行分析程序.以P-SV波垂直入射时,半无限层状海水-饱和海床、海水-弹性基岩、海水-饱和海床-弹性基岩三种情形的动力分析为例,采用统一计算框架结合透射边界条件进行求解,并与传递矩阵方法得到的解进行对比,验证了该统一计算框架的有效性以及并行计算的可行性.   相似文献   

13.
受谐激励的带压电层充液圆柱容器稳态解   总被引:3,自引:0,他引:3  
基于线性压电理论和可压缩无粘流场运动方程,推导出无限长带压电圆柱体流固耦合稳态解,由于流固耦合与力电耦合的复杂性,文中只考虑轴对称问题,研究了流固耦合智能结构在不同电压作用下位移、应力、流体压力的分布情况,为振动噪声控制奠定基础。  相似文献   

14.
陈少林  程书林  柯小飞 《力学学报》2019,51(5):1517-1529
海底地震动场及海洋声场的模拟中,需要考虑复杂海床介质及海底地形的影响,涉及到海水、饱和海床、弹性基岩之间的相互耦合.传统的方法分别采用声波方程描述理想流体、Biot方程描述饱和海床、弹性波方程描述基岩,分别进行空间离散和界面耦合, 十分不便.本文基于理想流体、固体分别为饱和多孔介质的特殊情形(孔隙率分别为1和0),由饱和多孔介质的Biot方程可退化得到理想流体的声波方程和固体的弹性波方程.然后, 以饱和多孔介质方程为基础, 经集中质量有限元离散,严格考虑不同孔隙率的饱和多孔介质在不规则界面的耦合条件,通过求解法向和切向界面力的途径,建立了不同孔隙率的饱和多孔介质耦合情形的求解方法,将流体、固体、饱和多孔介质间的耦合问题纳入到统一计算框架,并编制了相应的三维并行分析程序.考虑海水--弹性基岩、海水--饱和海床--弹性基岩体系中凹陷地形情形,采用本文提出的统一计算框架, 结合透射边界条件,分析了P波入射时的动力反应, 并通过结果是否满足界面条件,验证了该统一计算框架的有效性以及并行计算的可行性.   相似文献   

15.
In a recent paper Kelly et al. (2015) [PICIN: A Particle-In-Cell solver for incompressible free surface flows with two-way fluid–solid coupling. SIAM Journal on Scientific Computing 37 (3), B403–24.] detailed the PICIN full particle Particle-In-Cell (PIC) solver for incompressible free-surface flows. The model described in that paper employed a tailored version of the Distributed Lagrange Multiplier (DLM) method for the strong coupling of fluid–solid interaction. In this paper we propose an alternative strong fluid–solid coupling algorithm based on a modification to the cut cell methodology that is informed by the variational approach. The solid velocity flux/integral on the boundary is expressed purely in terms of pressure leading to a revised pressure Poisson equation that is discretised in a finite volume sense. This approach allows the PICIN model to simulate the motion of floating bodies of arbitrary configuration. 2D test cases involving floating bodies with one or more degrees of freedom (DoF) are used to validate the modified PICIN model. The results presented show that the modified PICIN model is able to both efficiently and robustly predict the motions of surface-piercing floating structures under either regular or extreme wave action.  相似文献   

16.
We detail in this work 2 simple but effective alternatives to improve the characteristic‐based split–based partitioned semi‐implicit coupling algorithm for fluid‐structure interaction. The basic idea lies in introducing the end‐of‐step velocity into the implicit stages of the 2 algorithms integrating different splits. The algorithm built upon the second‐order pressure split is further stabilized via the pressure gradient projection with particular emphasis on the extremely low mass ratio. The smoothed finite element method is exploited for spatial discretization of fluid and solid equations. Even without any accelerators, both the semi‐implicit solvers incorporating fixed‐point iterations engender visible improvements versus the previously published data for several benchmarks.  相似文献   

17.
We investigate the interaction between a viscoelastic Oldroyd-B fluid and an elastic structure via simulations applying an implicit partitioned coupling algorithm. Simulations are done for a flow through a channel with a flexible wall and a lid-driven cavity flow with flexible bottom. In addition, we make use of a mass–spring–dashpot prototype model to study the dynamic interaction problem. Both the simulation results and the analysis of the prototype model show that there are obvious differences in the fluid–structure interaction if the fluids are viscoelastic instead of purely viscous. These differences appear in the deformation of the solid at stationary state and in the equilibrium position, amplitude, frequency as well as phase shift of the oscillation. Moreover, we investigate the influence of numerical and physical parameters on the implicit partitioned coupling algorithm for simulation of viscoelastic fluid–structure interaction problems.  相似文献   

18.
何涛 《力学学报》2018,50(2):395-404
针对不同流固耦合问题,提出一种基于任意拉格朗日--欧拉(ALE)有限元技术的分区强耦合算法. 运用半隐式特征线分裂算法求解ALE描述下的不可压缩黏性流体Navier-Stokes方程. 分别考虑一般平面运动刚体和几何非线性固体,采用复合隐式时间积分法推进结构运动方程,故可选用较大时间步长;进一步应用单元型光滑有限元法求解几何非线性固体大变形,获得更精确结构解且不影响计算效率. 运用子块移动技术结合正 交--半扭转弹簧近似法高效更新流体动网格;同时将一质量源项引入压力泊松方程满足几何守恒律,无需复杂构造网格速度差分格式. 采用简单高效的固定点法配合Aitken动态松弛技术实现各场耦合,可灵活选择先进单场求解技术,具备较好程序模块性. 运用本文算法分别模拟了H型桥梁截面颤振问题和均匀管道流内节气阀涡激振动问题. 研究表明,数值结果与已有文献数据吻合,计算精度和求解效率均令人满意.   相似文献   

19.
In this paper, a robust projection method on a locally refined mesh is proposed for two‐ and three‐dimensional viscous incompressible flows. The proposed method is robust not only when the interface between two meshes is located in a smooth flow region but also when the interface is located in a flow region with large gradients and/or strong unsteadiness. In numerical simulations, a locally refined mesh saves many grid points in regions of relatively small gradients compared with a uniform mesh. For efficiency and ease of implementation, we consider a two‐level blocked structure, for which both of the coarse and fine meshes are uniform Cartesian ones individually. Unfortunately, the introduction of the two‐level blocked mesh results in an important but difficult issue: coupling of the coarse and fine meshes. In this paper, by properly addressing the issue of the coupling, we propose a stable and accurate projection method on a locally refined staggered mesh for both two‐ and three‐dimensional viscous incompressible flows. The proposed projection method is based on two principles: the linear interpolation technique and the consistent discretization of both sides of the pressure Poisson equation. The proposed algorithm is straightforward owing to the linear interpolation technique, is stable and accurate, is easy to extend from two‐ to three‐dimensional flows, and is valid even when flows with large gradients cross the interface between the two meshes. The resulting pressure Poisson equation is non‐symmetric on a locally refined mesh. The numerical results for a series of exact solutions for 2D and 3D viscous incompressible flows verify the stability and accuracy of the proposed projection method. The method is also applied to some challenging problems, including turbulent flows around particles, flows induced by impulsively started/stopped particles, and flows induced by particles near solid walls, to test the stability and accuracy. Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.  相似文献   

20.
This paper presents the numerical simulation of overdriven detonation (or O.D.D.) that occurs when a high velocity object impacts an explosive. The pressure and the velocity at this state are higher than those of the Chapman–Jouguet (C–J) state. First, before the simulation of this event, a study of PBX air blast by using multi-material Eulerian method is presented. Pressure peaks are computed for several distances from the explosive. Second, the O.D.D. phenomenon is modeled by the Euler–Lagrange penalty coupling, which permits to couple a Lagrangian mesh of the flyer plate to multi-material Eulerian mesh of explosives and air. This coupling gives us the high detonation velocities in the acceptor explosive and demonstrates that it is able to handle shock–structure interaction problems.  相似文献   

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