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1.
带滩槽地形的连续弯道中纵向流速横向分布解析   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
本文基于沿水深积分的动量方程,假定二次流项和弯道附加应力项沿横断面呈线性分布,提出了预测弯道垂线平均纵向流速的解析计算方法,进一步提出了河槽区和河滩区垂线平均纵向流速沿断面分布的求解模式,并将其应用于带滩槽地形的反向连续弯道水槽中. 根据实测数据率定计算参数,该模式可计算不同出口水深条件下断面垂线平均纵向流速分布,计算结果与实测数据吻合良好.分析了线性分布假设中参数随水深变化的取值规律和沿横断面分布特点,并对参数进行了敏感性分析,分析表明线性假设中一次项系数分区位置对流速峰值的大小和位置影响较大,常数项根据地形横比降变化进行分区取值,流速计算值对常数项在水平段和斜坡段分区位置较为敏感,并根据参数的敏感度提出了参数沿水槽的均值作为参考值.讨论了动量方程中二次流项和弯道附加应力项沿弯道的横向分布规律,进一步认识线性假设的适用范围,结果表明线性假设在本文试验水槽中适用于弯道沿程.研究成果有助于认识带滩槽地形的连续弯道纵向流速分布特征及其形成机制.   相似文献   
2.
In this article,we study the initial boundary value problem of coupled semi-linear degenerate parabolic equations with a singular potential term on manifolds with corner singularities.Firstly,we introduce the corner type weighted p-Sobolev spaces and the weighted corner type Sobolev inequality,the Poincare′inequality,and the Hardy inequality.Then,by using the potential well method and the inequality mentioned above,we obtain an existence theorem of global solutions with exponential decay and show the blow-up in finite time of solutions for both cases with low initial energy and critical initial energy.Significantly,the relation between the above two phenomena is derived as a sharp condition.Moreover,we show that the global existence also holds for the case of a potential well family.  相似文献   
3.
本文在不确定理论的框架下,研究一类带背景状态变量的最优控制模型.在乐观值准则下,利用不确定动态规划的方法,证明了不确定最优性原则,得到最优性方程.作为应用,求解一个固定缴费(DC)型养老金的最优投资策略问题,在乐观值准则下,以工资变量为背景状态变量,建立养老金模型.通过求解不确定最优性方程得到最优投资策略和最优支付率.  相似文献   
4.
Wu  Yifei  Zhao  Xiaofei 《BIT Numerical Mathematics》2022,62(3):1049-1090
BIT Numerical Mathematics - In this paper, we introduce a novel class of embedded exponential-type low-regularity integrators (ELRIs) for solving the KdV equation and establish their optimal...  相似文献   
5.
Conjugated polymers feature promising structure and properties for photocatalytic water splitting. Herein, a hydrolysis strategy was demonstrated to rationally modulate the surface hydrophilicity and band structures of conjugated poly-benzothiadiazoles. High hydrophilicity not only enhances the dispersions of polymeric solids in an aqueous solution but also reduces the absorption energy of water molecules. Besides, both theoretical and experimental results reveal that a more positive valence band potential is generated, which contributes to enhancing the photocatalytic water oxidation performance. Accordingly, the surface-modified conjugated polymers show largely promoted photocatalytic water oxidation activities by deposition of cobalt oxides as cocatalysts.  相似文献   
6.
This paper is concerned with the Cauchy problem on the Boltzmann equation without angular cutoff assumption for hard potential in the whole space. When the initial data is a small perturbation of a global Maxwellian, the global existence of solution to this problem is proved in unweighted Sobolev spaces HN(Rx,v6) with N2. But if we want to obtain the optimal temporal decay estimates, we need to add the velocity weight function, in this case the global existence and the optimal temporal decay estimate of the Boltzmann equation are all established. Meanwhile, we further gain a more accurate energy estimate, which can guarantee the validity of the assumption in Chen et al. (0000).  相似文献   
7.
The direct hydrodimerization of acrylates and acrylonitrile offers a general streamlined access to industrially important intermediates to nylon 6,6. However, a practical catalytic method for this process has thus far underdeveloped owing to the challenges in regioselectivity and environmental compatibility of applied reagents. Here, we report a cobalt-catalyzed tail-to-tail hydrodimerization of activated alkenes driven by a visible-light photoredox catalysis at ambient temperature, which is applicable to both adipates and adiponitrile synthesis from potentially renewable feedstocks. This protocol utilizes half equivalent of hantzsch ester as a recyclable two-electron and two-proton donor with the assistance of catalytic amount of base as a proton shuttle, and has been shown to be highly regioselective and efficient for hydrodimerizing various activated alkenes to 1,4-difunctionalized butane derivatives.  相似文献   
8.
何蔓  陈贝贝  胡斌 《化学教育》2022,43(18):11-15
充分利用线上教学的优势,对化学院本科生开设了“联用技术及元素形态”国际课程,避免了传统教学中组织、协调外籍/外地专家资源过程中必要的各种消耗,极大程度地整合教学资源、改善教学效果。在该课程的探索与实践过程中,学生们对痕量元素形态及基于等离子体质谱的各种联用技术产生了极大的兴趣,激发了他们的主动学习热情;教师之间及师生之间的沟通趋向更简单、更灵活、更实时,为后续线上线下混合式国际课程建设提供了良好的基础和借鉴。  相似文献   
9.
《中国化学快报》2022,33(12):5111-5115
A stimuli-responsive supramolecular polymer network has been constructed based on the host-guest interactions between the copolymer poly-P[5]A with pendent pillararene units and bis(sulfonium) diction guest G2. The formation mechanism of the supramolecular polymer network has been explored by the intensive study. With the addition of the competitive molecules and heating, the supramolecular polymer network could be dissociated and lead to clear changes in NMR spectroscopy and viscosity property.  相似文献   
10.
《中国化学快报》2022,33(8):3772-3776
RNA molecules contain diverse modifications that display important functions in a variety of physiological and pathological processes. So far over 150 chemical modifications have been characterized to be present in various RNA species, such as in messenger RNA (mRNA), ribosomal RNA (rRNA), and transfer RNA (tRNA). Previous studies revealed that certain RNA modifications were correlated to specific human diseases, indicating RNA modifications could serve as the potential indicator of human diseases. However, systemic investigation of the alteration of RNA modifications in different RNA species of carcinoma tissues are still lacked. Herein, we carried out the comprehensive profiling and evaluation of the alteration of RNA modifications in thyroid carcinoma by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-ESI-MS/MS) analysis. The developed method allowed us to simultaneously detect 48 different types of RNA modifications. Using this method, we detected 10, 15, 14, and 25 modifications in mRNA, 18S rRNA, 28S rRNA and small RNA (< 200 nt), respectively. Compared to the normal tissues, we revealed a total of 14 RNA modification exhibited significant increase and 2 RNA modifications showed significant decrease in thyroid carcinoma tissues. Our study provided the first comprehensive profile as well as the alteration of modifications in different RNA species in thyroid carcinoma and matched tumor-adjacent normal tissues. The altered pattern RNA modifications may serve as the indicator of thyroid carcinoma. Moreover, this study may promote the in-depth understanding of the regulatory roles of RNA modifications in thyroid carcinoma.  相似文献   
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