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排序方式: 共有4253条查询结果,搜索用时 15 毫秒
1.
In this study, the existing game theoretical framework is extended to strategic queuing in search of solutions for a two-population game in observable double-ended queuing systems with zero matching times. We show that multiple Nash equilibria and one unique subgame perfect Nash equilibrium exist in this game.  相似文献   
2.
This paper studies a supplier competition model in which a buyer reserves capacity from a number of suppliers that each have multiple blocks of capacity (e.g., production or power plants). The suppliers each submit a bid that specifies a reservation price and an execution price for every block, and the buyer determines what blocks to reserve. This game involves both external competition between suppliers and internal competition between blocks from each supplier. We characterize the properties of pure-strategy Nash equilibria for the game. Such equilibria may not always exist, and we provide the conditions under which they do.  相似文献   
3.
We determine the proton affinity (PA) and gas-phase basicity (GB) of amino acid α-alanine at a chemically accurate level by performing explicitly-correlated CCSD(T)-F12b/aug-cc-pVDZ geometry optimizations and normal mode vibrational frequency calculations as well as CCSD(T)-F12b/aug-cc-pVTZ energy computations at the possible neutral and protonated geometries. Temperature effects at 298.15 K considering translational, rotational, and vibrational enthalpy and entropy corrections are obtained via standard statistical mechanics utilizing the molecular geometries and the harmonic vibrational energy levels. Both the amino nitrogen (N) and the carbonyl oxygen (O) atoms are proven to be potential protonation sites and a systematic conformational search reveals 3 N- and 9 O-protonated conformers in the 0.00–7.88 and 25.43–30.43 kcal/mol energy ranges at 0 K, respectively. The final computed PA and GB values at (0)298.15 K in case of N-protonation are (214.47)216.80 and 207.07 kcal/mol, respectively, whereas the corresponding values for O-protonation are (189.04)190.63 and 182.31 kcal/mol. The results of the benchmark high-level coupled-cluster computations are utilized to assess the accuracy of several lower-level cost-effective methods such as MP2 and density functional theory with various functionals (SOGGA11-X, M06-2X, PBE0, B3LYP, M06, TPSS).  相似文献   
4.
Understanding the quantitative analysis of the transition adsorption structures of molecules on single‐walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) is of importance from the point of view of both fundamental science and applications of nanotubes. Absorption spectroscopy reveals that two different equilibrium states are existent for the exchange reaction of sodium cholate (SC) and oligo‐DNA (single‐stranded 20‐mer cytosine) on SWNTs. This is derived from the transitions of the adsorption structures of different chirality‐types of SWNTs and SC/DNA at certain SC concentrations below the critical micelle concentration of SC.  相似文献   
5.
温压炸药爆炸性能实验研究   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
为研究温压炸药的爆炸特性,将25 g温压炸药在5.8 L的密闭爆炸罐中引爆,测试了真空和空气环境下的爆炸压力和爆炸温度,并通过气相色谱分析了爆炸后的气体产物。实验结果表明,温压炸药在空气环境下的平衡压力和平衡温度明显高于真空环境,并且空气中的氧气参与了炸药中铝粉的氧化反应,说明温压炸药在空气环境下存在后燃效应。  相似文献   
6.
This paper is concerned with a SIR model with saturated and periodic incidence rate and saturated treatment function. By using differential inequality technique, we employ a novel argument to show that the disease‐free equilibrium is globally exponentially stable. The obtained results improve and supplement existing ones. We also use numerical simulations to demonstrate our theoretical results. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.  相似文献   
7.
复杂水盐体系存在稳态和介稳固液相平衡以及复杂的成盐规律。为了解固液平衡状态下液相的结构特征,本文采用拉曼光谱技术并结合高斯-洛伦兹去卷积分峰拟合程序对Na~+,Mg~(2+)//SO_4~(2-),Cl~-,H_2O四元体系及其二元和三元子体系中v_1-SO_4~(2-)的离子缔合结构特征进行了分析。研究结果表明:SO_4~(2-)在Na_2SO_4-H_2O体系存在自由态SO_4~(2-)和SO_4~(2-)离子簇两种结构,在Mg_2SO_4-H_2O,MgSO_4-MgCl_2-H_2O及Na~+,Mg~(2+)//SO_4~(2-),Cl~-,H_2O等含镁体系中,还有Mg~(2+)-H_2O-SO_4~(2-)和Mg~(2+)-OSO_3~(2-)两种缔合结构。在二元和三元体系中V_1-SO_4~(2-)的离子缔合结构以自由态SO_4~(2-)为主,随着SO_4~(2-)离子总浓度的变化,上述四种结构所占比例会发生规律性变化。Na~+,Mg~(2+)//SO_4~(2-),Cl~-,H_2O四元体系在NaCl减少及等温蒸发过程中,自由态SO_4~(2-)结构比例逐步降低,Mg2+和SO_4~(2-)相结合形成Mg~(2+)-H_2O-SO_4~(2-)或Mg~(2+)-OSO_3~(2-)结构的机会增多,在复盐区还会形成SO_4~(2-)离子簇结构。由此判断溶液结构的适应性变化是导致介稳现象的重要原因。进一步的相关分析表明:SO_4~(2-)的浓度和耶涅克指数J与V_1-SO_4~(2-)峰的峰强度和峰面积存在正相关关系,Mg~(2+)浓度是影响V_1-SO_4~(2-)峰中四种缔合结构的比例发生变化的主要因素。  相似文献   
8.
We report a theoretical study to predict the phase-equilibrium properties of ozone-containing clathrate hydrates based on the statistical thermodynamics model developed by van der Waals and Platteeuw. The Patel–Teja–Valderrama equation of state is employed for an accurate estimation of the properties of gas phase ozone. We determined the three parameters of the Kihara intermolecular potential for ozone as a = 6.815 · 10−2 nm, σ = 2.9909 · 10−1 nm, and ε · kB−1 = 184.00 K. An infinite set of εσ parameters for ozone were determined, reproducing the experimental phase equilibrium pressure–temperature data of the (O3 + O2 + CO2) clathrate hydrate. A unique parameter pair was chosen based on the experimental ozone storage capacity data for the (O3 + O2 + CCl4) hydrate that we reported previously. The prediction with the developed model showed good agreement with the experimental phase equilibrium data within ±2% of the average deviation of the pressure. The Kihara parameters of ozone showed slightly better suitability for the structure-I hydrate than CO2, which was used as a help guest. Our model suggests the possibility of increasing the ozone storage capacity of clathrate hydrates (∼7% on a mass basis) from the previously reported experimental capacity (∼1%).  相似文献   
9.
We present results of molecular dynamics simulations of a model DPPC-water monolayer using charge equilibration (CHEQ) force fields, which explicitly account for electronic polarization in a classical treatment of intermolecular interactions. The surface pressure, determined as the difference between the monolayer and pure water surface tensions at 323 K, is predicted to be 22.92 ±1.29 dyne/cm, just slightly below the broad range of experimental values reported for this system. The surface tension for the DPPC-water monolayer is predicted to be 42.35 ±1.16 dyne/cm, in close agreement with the experimentally determined value of 40.9 dyne/cm. This surface tension is also consistent with the value obtained from DPPC monolayer simulations using state-of-the-art nonpolarizable force fields. The current results of simulations predict a monolayer-water potential difference relative to the pure water-air interface of 0.64 ±0.02 Volts, an improved prediction compared to the fixed-charge CHARMM27 force field, yet still overestimating the experimental range of 0.3 to 0.45 Volts. As the charge equilibration model is a purely charge-based model for polarization, the current results suggest that explicitly modeled polarization effects can offer improvements in describing interfacial electrostatics in such systems.  相似文献   
10.
A rapid, selective, and sensitive liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry method was developed and validated for the simultaneous determination of unbound sunitinib and its active metabolite N‐desethyl sunitinib in plasma. Plasma and post‐dialysis buffer samples were extracted using a liquid–liquid extraction procedure with acetonitrile–n‐butylchloride (1:4, v/v). Chromatographic separation was achieved on a Waters X‐Terra® MS RP18 column with a mobile phase consisting of acetonitrile and water (60:40, v/v) containing formic acid (0.1%, v/v) using an isocratic run, at a flow‐rate of 0.2 mL/min. Analytes were detected by electrospray tandem mass spectrometry in the selective reaction monitoring mode. Linear calibration curves were generated over the ranges 0.1–100 and 0.02–5 ng/mL for sunitinib and 0.2–200 and 0.04–10 ng/mL for N‐desethyl sunitinib in plasma and in phosphate‐buffered solution, respectively. The values for both within‐day and between‐day precision and accuracy were well within the generally accepted criteria for analytical methods. The analytical range was sufficient to determine the unbound and total concentrations of both analytes. The method was applied for measurement unbound concentrations in addition to total concentrations of sunitinib and its metabolite in plasma of a cancer patient receiving 50 mg daily dose. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.  相似文献   
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