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Four new donor–acceptor triads (D–A–D) based on discotic and arylene mesogens have been synthesized by using Sonogashira coupling and cyclization reactions. This family of triads consists of two side‐on pending triphenylene mesogens, acting as the electron‐donating groups (D), laterally connected through short lipophilic spacers to a central perylenediimide (PI), benzo[ghi]perylenediimide (BI), or coronenediimide (CI) molecular unit, respectively, playing the role of the electron acceptor (A). All D–A–D triads self‐organize to form a lamello‐columnar oblique mesophase, with a highly segregated donor–acceptor (D–A) heterojunction organization, consequent to efficient molecular self‐sorting. The structure consists in the regular alternation of two disrupted rows of triphenylene columns and a continuous row of diimine species. High‐resolution STM images demonstrate that PI‐TP2 forms stable 2D self‐assembly nanostructures with some various degrees of regularity, whereas the other triads do not self‐organize into ordered architectures. The electron‐transport mobility of CI‐TP2, measured by time‐of‐flight at 200 °C in the mesophase, is one order of magnitude higher than the hole mobility. By means of this specific molecular designing idea, we realized and demonstrated for the first time the so‐called p–n heterojunction at the molecular level in which the electron‐rich triphenylene columns act as the hole transient pathways, and the coronenediimide stacks form the electron‐transport channels.  相似文献   
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The charge transfer rates of perylene and its four derivatives were studied at the level of B3LYP/6-31G** by density functional theory. The results showed that the perylene and its four derivatives belonged to the semiconductor molecules, which released energy when electron was injected. Therefore, they were suitable to be used as the electron injection material. The introduction of OH group can improve the electron transfer rate significantly. The formations of intramolecular hydrogen bonds were unfavorable to the hole transfer, but conducive to the electron transfer. The perylene derivatives, 2,5-3,4,5-(trifluorophenyl)ethynyl-8,11-3,4,5-trihydroxyphenyl ethynyl, designed in this article had the hole transfer rate of 1.57 cm2/V·s-1. Therefore, this kind of material will be potential hole transfer material with high transfer efficiency.  相似文献   
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This paper concerns the conditional global regularity of incompressible MHD equations with horizontal dissipation and horizontal magnetic diffusion in two dimension. When only horizontal dissipation and horizontal magnetic diffusion are present, there is no control on the vertical derivatives of velocity field and magnetic field, which is the main difficulty to establish the global regularity. In this paper, we establish a global regularity criterion in terms of one entry of the velocity gradient tensor or one entry of the magnetic field gradient tensor, which extends the recent work (Fan and Ozawa, 2014).  相似文献   
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In this paper, we investigate the stability and robust stability criteria for genetic regulatory networks with interval time-varying delays and Markovian jumping parameters. The genetic regulatory networks have a finite number of modes, which may jump from one mode to another according to the Markov process. By using Lyapunov–Krasovskii functional, some sufficient conditions are derived in terms of linear matrix inequalities to achieve the global asymptotic stability in the mean square of the considered genetic regulatory networks. Two numerical examples are provided to illustrate the usefulness of the obtained theoretical results.  相似文献   
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