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1.
A series of titanium oxides was prepared by using a surfactant‐template method (STM) and used as a carrier for the sustained release of ibuprofen, which was chosen as a model drug. This STM provides an efficient route to TiO2 matrices with both high surface area (when compared with those that were obtained by using traditional synthetic approaches) and well‐defined mesoporous textures. Some parameters of the synthetic procedure were varied: pH value, surfactant, and thermal treatment. The physicochemical nature of the surface carriers were investigated by means of N2‐physisorption measurements and FTIR spectroscopy. The effect of the amount of drug on the release kinetics was also investigated. The drug delivery was evaluated in vitro in four different physiological solutions (that simulated the gastrointestinal tract) to analyze the behavior of the TiO2‐based systems if they were to be formulated as oral DDSs. Our optimized approach is a good alternative to the classical methods that are used to prepare efficient TiO2‐based drug‐delivery systems.  相似文献   
2.
实验研究了烧结金属纤维板在大空间下的自然对流换热,分析了倾角、孔隙率、纤维丝经、Ra数和金属纤维导热系数对换热性能的影响.实验结果表明:存在最优的角度(60°左右)使烧结金属纤维板的自然对流换热性能最好,但倾斜角度对烧结金属纤维板的换热影响没有光板显著;加热面的平均Nu数随着纤维直径和孔隙率的增加均先增加后减小;在实验...  相似文献   
3.
Experimental results about concrete under sulfate attack are summarized,which include the variation of mass density of samples and velocity of ultrasonic wave propagating in samples.The evolution damage is analyzed in terms of the experimental results,and close attention is paid to the effect of damage evolution on Poisson’s ratio.This study shows that Poisson’s ratio is significantly affected by the concentration of solution and water-cement ratio.Poisson’s ratio of concrete changes very little when the water-cement ratio is selected as 0.6 or 0.8,so that such change may be neglected.If water-cement is 0.4,however,the Poisson’s ratio of the sample significantly changes.When the concrete sample of 0.4 water-cement ratio is immersed in sodium sulfate solution of 8% concentration for 285 days,Poisson’s ratio increase 10.14% compared with its initial value.There exist a sensitive region and a non-sensitive region for the change rate of Poisson’s ratio with respect to corrosion time.The change rate of Poisson’s ratio monotonously decreases with corrosion time in the sensitive region;in the non-sensitive region,the change rate of Poisson’s ratio is almost equal to zero.  相似文献   
4.
许路加  胡明  杨海波  杨孟琳  张洁 《物理学报》2010,59(12):8794-8800
多孔硅由于具有较低的热导率,因而可以将其作为半导体器件中的绝热层.与其他从边界散射等复杂微观热传导机制出发建模研究多孔硅的热导率不同,将多孔硅热导率影响机制更表观地归结到孔洞的存在和分布等结构因素上,把整个多孔硅视为由硅连续材料介质和孔洞连续介质通过串联和并联组合成的复合微结构,给予其低热导率一个更为易于理解和简化的解释.进一步把孔隙率对等效热导率的影响分解为两个不同的部分,即纵向部分和横向部分,半定量地给出不同的孔洞结构和分布下孔隙率与等效热导率的关系.与实验数据进行对比后验证了模型的有效性.继而从结构的角度说明了多孔硅热导率较低的原因.  相似文献   
5.
油页岩原位注热开采过程中,储层内部孔隙结构的连通性直接影响载热介质的流动行为和传热效率,同时对油气产物的扩散和流动行为起控制作用.本文利用低场核磁共振(LF NMR)技术,考察了不同热解终温(23~650℃)处理时,饱和水及束缚水状态下抚顺油页岩的T2谱,分析了可动流体T2截止值、束缚流体孔隙度、饱和流体孔隙度、渗透率等NMR孔隙参数,定量研究了随热解终温升高,抚顺油页岩孔隙结构的连通性演化规律.研究结果表明热解终温对抚顺油页岩孔隙连通性及渗透率的变化起控制作用,且可动流体孔隙度对总孔隙度的增加起主要促进作用,这说明热解终温升高加大了渗透率及油气产物的输运能力.本文为深入认识油页岩原位热解过程中孔隙结构的演化提供了依据.  相似文献   
6.
Guanidinium organosulfonates (GSs) are a large and well‐explored archetypal family of hydrogen‐bonded organic host frameworks that have, over the past 25 years, been regarded as nonporous. Reported here is the only example to date of a conventionally microporous GS host phase, namely guanidinium 1,4‐benzenedisulfonate ( p ‐G2BDS ). p ‐G2BDS is obtained from its acetone solvate, AcMe@ G2BDS , by single‐crystal‐to‐single‐crystal (SC‐SC) desolvation, and exhibits a Type I low‐temperature/pressure N2 sorption isotherm (SABET=408.7(2) m2 g?1, 77 K). SC‐SC sorption of N2, CO2, Xe, and AcMe by p ‐G2BDS is explored under various conditions and X‐ray diffraction provides a measurement of the high‐pressure, room temperature Xe and CO2 sorption isotherms. Though p ‐G2BDS is formally metastable relative to the “collapsed”, nonporous polymorph, np ‐G2BDS , a sample of p ‐G2BDS survived for almost two decades under ambient conditions. np ‐G2BDS reverts to zCO2@ p ‐G2BDS or yXe@ p ‐G2BDS (y,z=variable) when pressure of CO2 or Xe, respectively, is applied.  相似文献   
7.
An efficient chemical way to finely control the layer-by-layer stacking of inorganic nanosheets (NS) is developed by tuning the type and composition of intercalant ion, and the reaction temperature for restacking process. The finely controlled stacking of NS relies on a kinetic control of the self-assembly of NS in the presence of coordinating organic cations. A critical role of organic cations in this assembly highlights the importance of the appropriate activation energy. Of prime importance is that a fine-control of the interstratification of 2D NS is highly effective not only in tailoring its pore structure but also in enhancing its electrode activity. The present study clearly demonstrates that the kinetically controlled restacking of NS provides a facile and powerful method to tailor their stacking number and functionality.  相似文献   
8.
The duration of the hypercrosslinking reaction has been used to control the extent of small pores formation in polymer‐based monolithic stationary phases. Segments of five columns hypercrosslinked for 30–360 min were coupled via zero‐volume unions to prepare columns with segmented porosity gradients. The steepness of the porosity gradient affected column efficiency, mass transfer resistance, and separation of both small‐molecule alkylbenzenes and high‐molar‐mass polystyrene standards. In addition, the segmented column with the steepest porosity gradient was prepared as a single column with a continuous porosity gradient. The steepness of porosity gradient in this type column was tuned. Compared to a completely hypercrosslinked column, the column with the shallower gradient produced comparable size‐exclusion separation of polystyrene standards but allowed higher column permeability. The completely hypercrosslinked column and the column with porosity gradient were successfully coupled in online two‐dimensional liquid chromatography of polymers.  相似文献   
9.
Application of low-cost carbon black from lignin highly depends on the materials properties, which might by determined by raw material and processing conditions. Four different technical lignins were subjected to thermostabilization followed by stepwise heat treatment up to a temperature of 2000 °C in order to obtain micro-sized carbon particles. The development of the pore structure, graphitization and inner surfaces were investigated by X-ray scattering complemented by scanning electron microscopy and FTIR spectroscopy. Lignosulfonate-based carbons exhibit a complex pore structure with nanopores and mesopores that evolve by heat treatment. Organosolv, kraft and soda lignin-based samples exhibit distinct pores growing steadily with heat treatment temperature. All carbons exhibit increasing pore size of about 0.5–2 nm and increasing inner surface, with a strong increase between 1200 °C and 1600 °C. The chemistry and bonding nature shifts from basic organic material towards pure graphite. The crystallite size was found to increase with the increasing degree of graphitization. Heat treatment of just 1600 °C might be sufficient for many applications, allowing to reduce production energy while maintaining materials properties.  相似文献   
10.
Here, we report the synthesis of a truncated cone-shaped triangular porphyrinic macrocycle, P3L3 , via a single step imine condensation of a cis-diaminophenylporphyrin and a bent dialdehyde-based linker as building units. X-ray diffraction analysis reveals that the truncated cone-shaped P3L3 molecules are stacked on top of each other by ππ and CH⋯π interactions, to form 1.7 nm wide hollow columns in the solid state. The formation of the triangular macrocycle is corroborated by quantum chemical calculations. The permanent porosity of the P3L3 crystals is demonstrated by several gas sorption experiments and powder X-ray diffraction analysis.  相似文献   
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