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1.
采用CO_(2)激光区熔法制备了Lu_(2)O_(3)∶0.5%Er^(3+)/x%Yb^(3+)(x=1,3,5)上转换荧光材料。X射线衍射结果表明,所制备的Lu_(2)O_(3)∶Er^(3+)/Yb^(3+)荧光材料具有纯Lu_(2)O_(3)晶相。在980 nm激光激发下,样品发出明亮的上转换荧光。光谱测试结果表明,样品上转换荧光强度和荧光中绿光与红光比例随Yb^(3+)离子浓度改变,当Er^(3+)和Yb^(3+)离子浓度分别为0.5%和3%时,样品上转换荧光强度最强。通过荧光强度比(FIR)技术研究了样品Lu_(2)O_(3)∶0.5%Er^(3+)/3%Yb^(3+)在298~873 K温度范围内上转换荧光温度传感特性,在532.8 K时最大绝对灵敏度为0.0060 K^(-1),在298 K时最大相对灵敏度为0.0090 K^(-1)。结果表明,Lu_(2)O_(3)∶Er^(3+)/Yb^(3+)荧光材料非常适合用于宽温度范围荧光温度传感。  相似文献   
2.
从光波衍射的基本理论出发,利用高斯型分布的激光束,研究开普勒望远镜系统在衍射过程中光束畸变调控方法。利用中阶Zernike多项式构建像差函数法来模拟望远镜系统中的四叶畸变现象,并将该Zernike因子引入光学系统中弥补畸变效果。研究发现,波长和孔径会对奇异光强的分布产生明显的影响,波长增大的时候会改变光斑的形状,孔径会影响光斑强度和尺寸,11阶的Zernike四叶形变因子可以抵消望远镜系统的畸变现象。  相似文献   
3.
One of the well-known ways of increasing the visible light absorption capability of semiconducting materials is cation doping. This study aims to use Gd doping to tailor the bandgap energy of K2Ta2O6 (KTO) for photocatalytic degradation of organic pollutants under visible light irradiation. Accordingly, the parent KTO and Gd-doped KTO with different Gd concentrations (K2-3xGdxTa2O6; x = 0.025, 0.05, 0.075 and 0.1 mol%) were synthesized by hydrothermal and facile ion-exchange methods, respectively. The powder XRD, FT-IR, SEM-EDS, TEM-SAED, N2 adsorption-desorption, XPS, UV–Vis DRS, PL and ESR techniques were used to investigate the effect of Gd dopant concentration on the structural and photocatalytic properties of KTO. The photocatalytic activity of these samples was investigated for the photocatalytic degradation of methylene blue (MB) dye in an aqueous solution at room temperature under visible light irradiation. The experimental results show that all Gd-doped KTO samples exhibit enhanced photocatalytic activity compared with parent KTO toward MB degradation. In particular, Gd-KTO obtained by doping of 0.075 mol% shows the highest photocatalytic activity among the Gd-doped samples and the degradation efficiency of MB was 79% after 180 min of visible light irradiation, which is approximately 1.5 times as high as that by parent KTO (53%). In addition, trapping experiments and electron spin resonance (ESR) analysis demonstrated that the hydroxyl radicals (?OH) have played a crucial role in the photocatalytic degradation of MB. The reusability and stability of Gd doped-KTO with a Gd content of 0.075 mol% against MB degradation were examined for five cycles. Based on the present study results, a visible light induced photocatalytic mechanism has been proposed for Gd0075-KTO sample.  相似文献   
4.
基于紧凑拉伸剪切结构的复合型疲劳裂纹扩展研究   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
针对含I-II型复合裂纹的紧凑拉伸剪切(CTS)试样,研究了不同加载角度下的裂纹扩展路径及裂纹扩展寿命,通过实验数据给出了适宜于CTS试样的等效应力强度因子关系式,并基于此提出了一种新的I-II型复合裂纹扩展模型。研究表明,CTS试样的裂纹沿与加载方向近垂直的方向扩展,基于Tanaka公式的等效应力强度因子更适合于本文CTS试件的裂纹扩展寿命评估。当加载角度处于0°~45°之间时,提出的复合型裂纹扩展模型预测误差控制在5.49%之内,验证了分析模型的可行性和准确性。  相似文献   
5.
We derive explicit representation formulas for the computation of flux intensity functions for mixed boundary value problems for the Poisson equation in axisymmetric domains with edges. We rely on the decomposition of the boundary value problems in three dimensions by means of partial Fourier analysis with respect to the rotational angle into boundary value problems in the two‐dimensional meridian domain of . Utilizing smooth cutoff functions, the solutions of the reduced problems are analyzed semi‐analytically near corners of the plane meridian domain, and the edge flux intensity functions are constructed via Fourier synthesis and convergence analysis. The formulas are also applicable in the case of crack fronts. The constructive nature of the formulas provides in a straightforward way an efficient strategy for the accurate computation of edge flux intensity functions in axisymmetric domains. A demonstration example that illustrates the application of the formulas is presented. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.  相似文献   
6.
D. Laveder  T. Passot  P.L. Sulem 《Physics letters. A》2013,377(23-24):1535-1541
The randomly driven Cohen–Kulsrud–Burgers equation is used to study the influence of viscous intermediate shocks (IS) on Alfvénic turbulence. Some of these structures are unstable and undergo gradient collapse leading, as the viscosity is reduced, to increasingly intermittent dissipation bursts. The slow decay at intermediate scales of stable IS prevents the existence of a usual inertial range. Furthermore, the dissipation is unable to adiabatically compensate for the energy injection, making the total energy sensitive to the viscosity parameter. Turbulence thus looses its universal character. Preliminary simulations extend these conclusions to magnetohydrodynamic equations with anisotropic viscosity, typical of strongly magnetized plasmas.  相似文献   
7.
Abstract

In this article, a mathematical model for the transfer function of the Fabry-Perot intensity modulator is presented. The model, basically a cosine-series function, can be used to obtain closed-form expressions for the amplitudes of the harmonic and intermodulation products of the Fabry-Perot intensity modulator driven by a multi-frequency radio frequency voltage. The special case of a Fabry-Perot intensity modulator driven by an equal-amplitude two-frequency radio frequency voltage is considered in detail, and the results are compared, whenever possible, with previously published experimental and numerically obtained results.  相似文献   
8.
Abstract

This article analyzes and validates through simulation the influence of fiber nonlinearity, dispersion, and loss on the Relative Noise Intensity (RIN) spectrum at fiber output in externally modulated optical single side band (OSSB) systems. The analysis includes the RIN generated by the laser source, the effect of the OSSB modulator, and noise generated by the in-line optical amplifiers. The analysis takes into account conversion between phase noise and intensity noise introduced by fiber transmission. It is shown that, depending on the operating conditions, the system performance may be predominantly affected either by the laser RIN or by the noise generated by the in-line optical amplifiers. The impact of the OSSB modulator can be relevant when the RIN of the system is dominated by the laser noise and should therefore be considered.  相似文献   
9.
党发宁  焦凯  潘峰 《爆炸与冲击》2016,36(3):422-428
混凝土类不均匀脆性材料的率敏感性主要是由于混凝土的不均匀性造成的,不均匀性使得不同速率的动裂纹发展路径不同,决定了不同速率的抗折动强度不同。基于此,提出混凝土抗折动强度由砂浆与骨料的抗折静强度的加权平均值再加上惯性项组成的代数表达式,并预测混凝土材料在爆炸冲击荷载条件下的极限抗折动强度。最后通过特殊设计的单一菱形净浆骨料三点弯实验, 验证了不同加载速率时破坏裂纹的发展路径及抗折动强度变化规律。  相似文献   
10.
In this paper we study the pricing and hedging problem of a portfolio of life insurance products under the benchmark approach, where the reference market is modelled as driven by a state variable following a polynomial diffusion on a compact state space. Such a model can be used to guarantee not only the positivity of the OIS short rate and the mortality intensity, but also the possibility of approximating both pricing formula and hedging strategy of a large class of life insurance products by explicit formulas.  相似文献   
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