首页 | 本学科首页   官方微博 | 高级检索  
文章检索
  按 检索   检索词:      
出版年份:   被引次数:   他引次数: 提示:输入*表示无穷大
  收费全文   81911篇
  免费   6549篇
  国内免费   5187篇
化学   25690篇
晶体学   1815篇
力学   3656篇
综合类   325篇
数学   17493篇
物理学   44668篇
  2023年   257篇
  2022年   343篇
  2021年   512篇
  2020年   825篇
  2019年   960篇
  2018年   954篇
  2017年   754篇
  2016年   599篇
  2015年   498篇
  2014年   1242篇
  2013年   1786篇
  2012年   1292篇
  2011年   1778篇
  2010年   2381篇
  2009年   6884篇
  2008年   7951篇
  2007年   6425篇
  2006年   5848篇
  2005年   4012篇
  2004年   3837篇
  2003年   4026篇
  2002年   5265篇
  2001年   3763篇
  2000年   3525篇
  1999年   3354篇
  1998年   2760篇
  1997年   1932篇
  1996年   1746篇
  1995年   2226篇
  1994年   2148篇
  1993年   1615篇
  1992年   1114篇
  1991年   838篇
  1990年   680篇
  1989年   608篇
  1988年   568篇
  1987年   404篇
  1985年   943篇
  1984年   617篇
  1983年   488篇
  1982年   640篇
  1981年   796篇
  1980年   719篇
  1979年   559篇
  1978年   581篇
  1977年   538篇
  1976年   541篇
  1975年   317篇
  1974年   354篇
  1973年   462篇
排序方式: 共有10000条查询结果,搜索用时 687 毫秒
1.
In this study, we investigated an alternative method for the chemical CO2 reduction reaction in which power ultrasound (488 kHz ultrasonic plate transducer) was applied to CO2-saturated (up to 3%) pure water, NaCl and synthetic seawater solutions. Under ultrasonic conditions, the converted CO2 products were found to be mainly CH4, C2H4 and C2H6 including large amount of CO which was subsequently converted into CH4. We have found that introducing molecular H2 plays a crucial role in the CO2 conversion process and that increasing hydrogen concentration increased the yields of hydrocarbons. However, it was observed that at higher hydrogen concentrations, the overall conversion decreased since hydrogen, a diatomic gas, is known to decrease cavitational activity in liquids. It was also found that 1.0 M NaCl solutions saturated with 2% CO2 + 98% H2 led to maximum hydrocarbon yields (close to 5%) and increasing the salt concentrations further decreased the yield of hydrocarbons due to the combined physical and chemical effects of ultrasound. It was shown that CO2 present in a synthetic industrial flue gas (86.74% N2, 13% CO2, 0.2% O2 and 600 ppm of CO) could be converted into hydrocarbons through this method by diluting the flue gas with hydrogen. Moreover, it was observed that in addition to pure water, synthetic seawater can also be used as an ultrasonicating media for the sonochemical process where the presence of NaCl improves the yields of hydrocarbons by ca. 40%. We have also shown that by using low frequency high-power ultrasound in the absence of catalysts, it is possible to carry out the conversion process at ambient conditions i.e., at room temperature and pressure. We are postulating that each cavitation bubble formed during ultrasonication act as a “micro-reactor” where the so-called Sabatier reaction -CO2+4H2UltrasonicationCH4+2H2O - takes place upon collapse of the bubble. We are naming this novel approach as the “Islam-Pollet-Hihn process”.  相似文献   
2.
CRANAD-2 is a fluorogenic curcumin derivative used for near-infrared detection and imaging in vivo of amyloid aggregates, which are involved in neurodegenerative diseases. We explore the performance of CRANAD-2 in two super-resolution imaging techniques, namely stimulated emission depletion (STED) and single-molecule localization microscopy (SMLM), with markedly different fluorophore requirements. By conveniently adapting the concentration of CRANAD-2, which transiently binds to amyloid fibrils, we show that it performs well in both techniques, achieving a resolution in the range of 45–55 nm. Correlation of SMLM with atomic force microscopy (AFM) validates the resolution of fine features in the reconstructed super-resolved image. The good performance and versatility of CRANAD-2 provides a powerful tool for near-infrared nanoscopic imaging of amyloids in vitro and in vivo.  相似文献   
3.
4.
We consider concentrated vorticities for the Euler equation on a smooth domain Ω?R2 in the form of
ω=j=1NωjχΩj,|Ωj|=πrj2,Ωjωjdμ=μj0,
supported on well-separated vortical domains Ωj, j=1,,N, of small diameters O(rj). A conformal mapping framework is set up to study this free boundary problem with Ωj being part of unknowns. For any given vorticities μ1,,μN and small r1,,rNR+, through a perturbation approach, we obtain such piecewise constant steady vortex patches as well as piecewise smooth Lipschitz steady vorticities, both concentrated near non-degenerate critical configurations of the Kirchhoff–Routh Hamiltonian function. When vortex patch evolution is considered as the boundary dynamics of ?Ωj, through an invariant subspace decomposition, it is also proved that the spectral/linear stability of such steady vortex patches is largely determined by that of the 2N-dimensional linearized point vortex dynamics, while the motion is highly oscillatory in the 2N-codim directions corresponding to the vortical domain shapes.  相似文献   
5.
For the orthosymplectic Lie superalgebra ◂⋅▸OSP(2,2), we choose a set of basis matrices. A linear combination of those basis matrices presents a spatial spectral matrix. The compatible condition of the spatial part and the corresponding temporal parts of the spectral problem leads to a generalized super AKNS (GSAKNS) hierarchy. By making use of the supertrace identity, the obtained GSAKNS hierarchy can be written as the super bi-Hamiltonian structures.  相似文献   
6.
In this study, multiwalled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) was modified by the pyridine group using a silane agent and characterized by infrared spectroscopy (IR), thermal analysis (TG/DTA), and elemental analysis (CHN) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The application of this sorbent was investigated in determination of lead ions in aqueous samples, using flame atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS). Through this study, different parameters such as pH and sample flow rate on adsorption process and eluent concentration, volume and flow rate were optimized. The limit of detection (LOD), the relative standard deviation and the recovery of the method were 2 ng mL?1, 1.3% and 99.7%, respectively. Two standard reference materials (NIST 1571 and NIST 1572) were used to verify accuracy of this method. Finally, the sorbent was successfully applied for extraction and determination of low levels of Pb(II) ions in aqueous samples.  相似文献   
7.
8.
In this paper, we review some results over the last 10-15 years on elliptic and parabolic equations with discontinuous coefficients. We begin with an approach given by N. V. Krylov to parabolic equations in the whole space with $\rm{VMO}_x$ coefficients. We then discuss some subsequent development including elliptic and parabolic equations with coefficients which are allowed to be merely measurable in one or two space directions, weighted $L_p$estimates with Muckenhoupt ($A_p$) weights, non-local elliptic and parabolic equations, as well as fully nonlinear elliptic and parabolic equations.  相似文献   
9.
10.
设为首页 | 免责声明 | 关于勤云 | 加入收藏

Copyright©北京勤云科技发展有限公司  京ICP备09084417号