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The drawbacks of our earlier report of preparing fuel cell catalyst arrays by borohydride reduction of inkjet prepared arrays of metal salts are discussed along with the need for inclusion of state-of-the-art metrics in all array screening. An alternative method for screening of hydrogen/air cathode catalysts, direct methanol fuel cell (DMFC) anode catalysts, and catalyst loading studies is provided. State-of-the-art Johnson Matthey catalysts were used in control experiments to demonstrate the utility of the array fuel cell for high throughput screening of fuel cell catalysts in the 3-4 mg/cm2 range. This report lays out hard learned rules for high throughput screening and demonstrates that the array fuel cell can be used for very precise screening of libraries of membrane electrode assembly (MEA) components without the pitfalls discussed in the introduction.  相似文献   
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高频聚焦换能器声场的激光测量法   总被引:3,自引:0,他引:3       下载免费PDF全文
本文描述了一种使用激光测振技术测量高频聚焦换能器声场布的方法,并给出了使用该方法对一种高频聚换能器进行测量的结果,通过理论计算对结果的正确性进行了验证。  相似文献   
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声诱饵仿真试验系统   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1       下载免费PDF全文
苑秉成  陈喜  周徐昌  张振山 《应用声学》2003,22(4):31-34,39
文章介绍了声诱饵仿真试验系统中的有关问题,包括:系统的组成、工作原理、对接装置结构等。建立了对接装置声耦合状态下的数学模型,对近场声压分布进行了仿真计算,得出了匹配材料厚度、发射和接收换能器的选取原则。  相似文献   
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运动目标声信号的时频特征研究   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2       下载免费PDF全文
提高声被动目标定位精度需要研究运动目标在有风条件下目标声信号的特征。本文从声学波动方程出发,对无风和有常速风情况下的波动方程进行了求解,得到了运动目标声信号的延迟关系;分析了解的主要影响项,并得到了其解析信号;用解析信号对运动目标声信号的延迟特性和时频特征进行了仿真计算。  相似文献   
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陈金京  王峥  项端祈  葛砚刚 《应用声学》2002,21(3):35-39,28
北京七色光儿童艺术剧院是一个以演出儿童话剧为主,同时还可以进行歌舞、音乐等其他文艺形式的演出的多功能剧场,该剧院形式活泼,音质良好。本文从音质和噪声控制的几个方面对其声学设计进行了介绍。  相似文献   
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The called vibratory instability squeal that appears in narrow curve or in end of braking is today uncontrolled and produced a high pitched noise very intense and unbearable. Many systems have been developed to limit acoustic emissions and particularly the metallic ring damping solution. Attenuation can reach 20 dB depending on the wheel type (Corail, safety wheel, etc.). However, the question is why this system has a various efficiency even on similar wheels and if this solution may be optimized. The aim of this paper is to understand the attenuation mechanisms of the ring dampers. Wheel modes susceptible to squeal are highlighted and numerical models are developed in order to simulate how the acoustic attenuation occur.  相似文献   
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The present paper reports the dislocation unpinning model of acoustic emission (AE) from alkali halide crystals. Equations are derived for the strain dependence of the transient AE pulse rate, peak value of the AE pulse rate and the total number of AE pulse emitted. It is found that the AE pulse rate should be maximum for a particular strain of the crystals. The peak value of the AE pulse rate should depend on the volume and strain rate of the crystals, and also on the pinning time of dislocations. Since the pinning time of dislocations decreases with increasing strain rate, the AE pulse rate should be weakly dependent on the strain rate of the crystals. The total number of AE should increase linearly with deformation and then it should attain a saturation value for the large deformation. By measuring the strain dependence of the AE pulse rate at a fixed strain rate, the time constantτ s for surface annihilation of dislocations and the pinning timeτ p of the dislocations can be determined. A good agreement is found between the theoretical and experimental results related to the AE from alkali halide crystals.  相似文献   
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The purpose of the present study was to describe the effects ofacute laryngitis on some aerodynamic, acoustic, and perceptual measures. Eleven subjects with diagnosed acute laryngitis due to upper respiratory infection were recorded during a laryngitic episode and 1 week to 10 days after amelioration of the laryngitic condition. Fundamental frequency values, collapsed across the five vowels, were significantly reduced in the laryngitic compared with the normal speaking condition. The decrease in fundamental frequency associated with acute laryngitis suggests an increase in the mass of the vocal folds. In addition, aerodynamic values differed significantly for the laryngitic condition compared with the normal speaking condition, suggesting the presence of laryngeal hypofunction. Perceptual data indicated that speakers in the laryngitic condition were judged to have a hoarse voice when compared with the normal speaking condition.  相似文献   
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