首页 | 本学科首页   官方微博 | 高级检索  
文章检索
  按 检索   检索词:      
出版年份:   被引次数:   他引次数: 提示:输入*表示无穷大
  收费全文   1950篇
  免费   237篇
  国内免费   86篇
化学   956篇
晶体学   15篇
力学   150篇
综合类   158篇
数学   623篇
物理学   371篇
  2024年   1篇
  2023年   20篇
  2022年   65篇
  2021年   112篇
  2020年   100篇
  2019年   88篇
  2018年   81篇
  2017年   98篇
  2016年   86篇
  2015年   56篇
  2014年   86篇
  2013年   136篇
  2012年   94篇
  2011年   99篇
  2010年   76篇
  2009年   98篇
  2008年   102篇
  2007年   83篇
  2006年   100篇
  2005年   78篇
  2004年   88篇
  2003年   74篇
  2002年   49篇
  2001年   53篇
  2000年   52篇
  1999年   52篇
  1998年   35篇
  1997年   34篇
  1996年   28篇
  1995年   28篇
  1994年   19篇
  1993年   23篇
  1992年   14篇
  1991年   11篇
  1990年   8篇
  1989年   5篇
  1988年   9篇
  1987年   4篇
  1986年   5篇
  1985年   4篇
  1984年   3篇
  1983年   2篇
  1982年   4篇
  1981年   2篇
  1980年   1篇
  1979年   3篇
  1978年   2篇
  1959年   2篇
排序方式: 共有2273条查询结果,搜索用时 0 毫秒
1.
崔俊硕  熊英  王月娇 《化学教育》2022,43(8):95-100
在高等教育大众化的背景下,通过教学改革培养高素质的拔尖人才已显得非常重要。介绍一种以新入职的青年教师为实施主体的“理论课助教+实验课教学+科研训练”相结合的教学形式。通过连续、跟踪式的教学,不但可以选拔、培养出拔尖的化学类本科生,而且能够促进新入职的青年教师快速成长进步,起到“教学相长”的作用。  相似文献   
2.
The health monitoring has been studied to ensure integrity of design of engine structure by detection, quantification, and prediction of damages. Early detection of faults may allow the downtime of maintenance to be rescheduled, thus preventing sudden shutdown of machines. In cylinder pressure developed, vibrations and noise emissions data provide a rich source of information about condition of engines. Monitoring of vibrations and noise emissions are novel non-intrusive methodologies for which positioning of various transducers are important issue. The presented work shows applicability of these diagnosis methodologies adopted in case of diesel engines. The effects of changing various fuel injection parameters was analyzed. Scope of using non-intrusive technique has been analyzed by changing locations of microphone. Novelty of this worklies in exploring signal processing methods for various locations around the engine test set up. Various frequency ranges of contributing noise and vibration sources were identified. Time-Frequency analysis showed the onset of various cyclic. Based on the identification of various frequency bands, it is possible to device suitable filters in order to extract more information.  相似文献   
3.
占兴  熊巍  梁国熙 《化学进展》2022,34(11):2503-2516
随着经济的飞速发展,社会对能源的需求日益扩大,对工业废水的无害化处理也提出了更高的要求。光催化燃料电池 (photocatalytic fuel cell, PFC) 在燃料电池中引入半导体光催化材料作为电极,实现了有机污染物高效降解和同步对外产电的双重功能,在废水无害化与资源化利用方面具有潜在的应用价值。半导体光催化电极是PFC系统高效运行的核心组件,增强其可见光响应和光生载流子分离是提高PFC性能的关键策略。反应器结构设计和运行参数优化也有利于改善PFC性能。本文从PFC基本原理和应用入手,综述了PFC在环境污染物资源化处理中的研究进展,并详细阐述了提高PFC的污染控制性能和产电效率的优化手段,为进一步设计高效稳定的PFC系统并实现其在水污染控制和清洁能源生产中的应用提供理论指导。  相似文献   
4.
ABSTRACT

This paper focuses on the students who are registered in the University of Pretoria’s academic development programme, named the Four-year Programme (FYP). The programme was introduced as a gateway for students who are underprepared but have the potential to succeed and then continue their studies into the mainstream science programmes. Our research focuses on measuring the change in the academic maturity of these students. In the theoretical framework that we developed, academic maturity is subdivided into two components namely non-subject based maturity and subject based maturity (mathematical maturity). This paper focuses on measuring non-subject based academic maturity. The survey used for this purpose is called the Student Academic Readiness Survey (STARS), taken at the beginning of the year and after the first semester respectively. The results of the surveys are compared to measure the change in students’ views. Results show that in all constructs there is a surprising decline in students’ perceptions regarding their own abilities over the first semester at university. We use the Dunning–Kruger effect to explain this unexpected decline, in that students seem to develop a more realistic view of their own maturity, which in itself can be seen as a growth in academic maturity.  相似文献   
5.
西部开发中能源配置模型的研究   总被引:3,自引:0,他引:3  
开发西部丰富的能源资源,解决东部地区能源紧缺的矛盾,是东西部经济合作、优势互补、东西联动双赢战略研究的一项重要课题.在国家投资主体和市场经济条件下,以能源消费效益最大为目标,建立了基于边际效益均衡的能源空间配置优化模型;兼顾经济效益与环境效益的能源部门配置优化模型.结果显示,各地区、部门要获得更多的能源,就必须提高能源的使用效率,提高能源消费的边际效益,降低污染排放水平.  相似文献   
6.
This article addresses two questions: Has the effectiveness of the US governments federal research and development (R&;D) spending suffered from the post-1980 strategic change from freely shared and publicly owned to privately owned scientific advances? What criteria would a federal R&;D program use to design a strategy that most effectively enhances the well-being of farmers and rural communities? Several studies found that the pre-1980 US Department of Agriculture research strategy was very effective. No comparable studies have analyzed the comparative effectiveness of the post-1980 strategy of restricting access to the results of public research. Recent experience and several analytical studies suggest that to significantly enhance the health of rural economies from an expanded use of plant matter as an industrial material, federal policy should channel scientific and engineering research into small- and medium-sized production and processing technologies and should encourage farmer-owned, value-added enterprises.  相似文献   
7.
区域经济的发展受许多不同因素的影响,本结合西藏社会经济发展的特点,选取了总产值指标、第一产业指标、第二产业指标和第三产业指标等四大类指标体系,采用灰色关联分析法对西藏的区域经济系统进行了简要的分析评价,以研究西藏区域经济的发展状况,从社会经济的角度探讨西藏经济发展落后的原因,以期能为西藏经济发展政策提供参考依据。  相似文献   
8.
Using an infinite-horizon two-player differential game, we derive and compare Bertrand and Cournot equilibria for a differentiated duopoly engaging in the process of R&D competition. The main findings of this study are as follows. First, Bertrand competition is more efficient if either R&D productivity is low or products are very different. Second, Cournot competition is more efficient provided that R&D productivity is high, products are close substitutes, and spillovers are not close to zero. This last result is different from what has been obtained in the literature. Hence, this shows that considering a dynamic model and more general investment costs does have an impact on the efficiency results.  相似文献   
9.
郝万军  李畅  魏英进  陈岗  许武 《物理学报》2003,52(4):1023-1027
研究了应用于锂二次电池正极的新型高能量密度存贮材料Li(AlxCo1-x)O2 (x=01—05)的磁性.发现Al3+的掺杂可导致Co3+中d电子自旋态发生变化,即有部分d电子进入高自旋态.伴随Co3+中电子状态的改变,材料结构演化也发生了相应变化,表现为c/a比增大明显减缓,较好地解释了材料结构对Vegard定律的正偏离.这对材料的微观结构与性能设计具有重要意义. 关键词: 锂电池材料 Li(AlxCo1-x)O2 磁性 自旋态 结构演化  相似文献   
10.
The early evolution of gas chromatography in the former German Democratic Republic (GDR) is surveyed and instrument development is outlined, describing the most important models manufactured in the GDR. The organization of the Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Gas-Chromatographie (Working Group for GC) is chronicled and its activities are discussed. Subsequent parts of this article will deal with the six symposia organized by the Arbeitsgemeinschaft between 1958 and 1968.  相似文献   
设为首页 | 免责声明 | 关于勤云 | 加入收藏

Copyright©北京勤云科技发展有限公司  京ICP备09084417号