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1.
A facile biosynthesis route was followed to prepare zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO NPs) using Euphorbia milii (E. milii) leaf constituents. The SEM images exhibited presence of spherical ZnO NPs and the corresponding TEM images disclosed monodisperse nature of the ZnO NPs with diameter ranges between 12 and 20 nm. The Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET) analysis revealed that the ZnO NPs have specific surface area of 20.46 m2/g with pore diameter of 2 nm–10 nm and pore volume of 0.908 cm3/g. The EDAX spectrum exemplified the existence of Zn and O elements and non-appearance of impurities that confirmed pristine nature of the ZnO NPs. The XRD pattern indicated crystalline peaks corresponding to hexagonal wurtzite structured ZnO with an average crystallite size of 16.11 nm. The FTIR spectrum displayed strong absorption bands at 512 and 534 cm?1 related to ZnO. The photocatalytic action of ZnO NPs exhibited noteworthy degradation of methylene blue dye under natural sunlight illumination. The maximum degradation efficiency achieved was 98.17% at an illumination period of 50 min. The reusability study proved considerable photostability of the ZnO NPs during photocatalytic experiments. These findings suggest that the E. milii leaf constituents can be utilized as suitable biological source to synthesis ZnO NPs for photocatalytic applications.  相似文献   
2.
Profiling engineered data with robust mining methods continues attracting attention in knowledge engineering systems. The purpose of this article is to propose a simple technique that deals with non-linear multi-factorial multi-characteristic screening suitable for knowledge discovery studies. The method is designed to proactively seek and quantify significant information content in engineered mini-datasets. This is achieved by deploying replicated fractional-factorial sampling schemes. Compiled multi-response data are converted to a single master-response effectuated by a series of distribution-free transformations and multi-compressed data fusions. The resulting amalgamated master response is deciphered by non-linear multi-factorial stealth stochastics intended for saturated schemes. The stealth properties of our method target processing datasets which might be overwhelmed by a lack of knowledge about the nature of reference distributions at play. Stealth features are triggered to overcome restrictions regarding the data normality conformance, the effect sparsity assumption and the inherent collapse of the ‘unexplainable error’ connotation in saturated arrays. The technique is showcased by profiling four ordinary controlling factors that influence webpage content performance by collecting data from a commercial browser monitoring service on a large scale web host. The examined effects are: (1) the number of Cascading Style Sheets files, (2) the number of JavaScript files, (3) the number of Image files, and (4) the Domain Name System Aliasing. The webpage performance level was screened against three popular characteristics: (1) the time to first visual, (2) the total loading time, and (3) the customer satisfaction. Our robust multi-response data mining technique is elucidated for a ten-replicate run study dictated by an L9(34) orthogonal array scheme where any uncontrolled noise embedded contribution has not been necessarily excluded.  相似文献   
3.
A uniform dispersion of reactants is necessary to achieve a complete reaction involving multicomponents. In this study, we have examined the role of plasticizer in the reaction of two seemingly unlikely reactants: a highly crystalline hexamethylenetetramine (HMTA) and a strongly hydrogen bonded phenol formaldehyde resin. By combining information from NMR, infrared spectroscopy and differential scanning calorimetry, we were able to determine the role of specific intermolecular interactions necessary for the plasticizer to dissolve the highly crystalline HMTA and to plasticize the phenol formaldehyde resin in this crosslinking reaction. The presence of the plasticizer increased the segmental mobility, disrupted the hydrogen bonded matrix, and freed the hydroxyl units, which further increased the solubility of the HMTA. Both the endothermic and exothermic transitions are accounted for in the calorimetric data obtained. For the first time, it is possible to obtain the effective molar ratio of each component needed to complete the crosslinking reaction efficiently. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Polym. Sci., Part B: Polym. Phys. 2015 , 53, 1519–1526  相似文献   
4.
Sensitivity analysis is a mathematical tool, first developed for optimization methods, which aim is to characterize a system response through the variations of its output parameters following modifications imposed on the input parameters of the system. Such an analysis may quickly become laborious when the thermal model under consideration is complex or the number of input parameters is high. In this paper, we develop a mathematical model to analyse the heat exchanges in four different types of solar air collectors. When building this thermal model we show that for each collector, at quasi-steady state, the energy balance equations of the components of the collector cascade into a single first-order non-linear differential equation that is able to predict the thermal behaviour of the collector. Our heat transfer model clearly demonstrates the existence of an important dimensionless parameter, referred to as the thermal performance factor of the collector, that compares the useful thermal energy which can be extracted from the heater to the overall thermal losses of that collector for a given set of input parameters. A sensitivity analysis of our thermal model has been performed for the most significant input parameters such as the incident solar irradiation, the inlet fluid temperature, the air mass flow rate, the depth of the fluid channel, the number and nature of the transparent covers in order to measure the impact of each of these parameters on our model. An important result which can be drawn from this study is that the heat transfer model developed is robust enough to be used for thermal design studies of most known flat plate solar air heaters, but also of flat plate solar water collectors and linear solar concentrators.  相似文献   
5.
托卡马克工程试验混合堆等离子体性能的等值线图分析   总被引:3,自引:3,他引:0  
本文简要叙述托卡马克工程试验混合堆等离子体概念设计的物理基础,对等离子体性能进行了等值线图(Plasma Operation Contour)分析。根据工程试验混合堆的要求,得出一组等离子体参数。  相似文献   
6.
测定麦芽糖转糖苷反应体系组成的高效液相色谱法   总被引:3,自引:0,他引:3  
建立了分析低聚异麦芽糖组成的高效液相色谱法,采用Spherisorb-NH2色谱柱,示差折光检测器,乙腈-水(体积比70:30)为流动相,外标法定量测定;结果显示各糖质量浓度在0.1-10g/L范围内与峰面积呈良好线性关系,相关系数为0.999 0-0.999 7;应用法跟踪了pH5.0的柠檬酸-柠檬酸钠缓冲溶液中以α-葡萄糖转苷酶为催化剂在58℃温度下的麦芽糖转糖苷反应,分析了反应体系组成随时间的变化,得到了上述反应条件下麦芽糖最大限度地转化为低聚异麦芽糖的最佳反应时间为24h;该法快捷、简单、准确,可用于低聚异麦芽糖生产的质量控制。  相似文献   
7.
热耦合型二级高频脉冲管制冷机实验研究   总被引:2,自引:2,他引:0  
降低制冷温度至4 K温区是高频脉冲管制冷机的最新发展要求。本文介绍了一套热耦合型二级高频脉冲管制冷机的性能特性,它可以达到低于15 K以下的最低温度,是目前报道的高频二级脉冲管制冷机能获得的最低温度.通过对制冷机一级预冷、二级输入功率、二级冷量、室温条件等影响的分析,从实验角度揭示了该二级制冷系统的复杂影响,为进一步的深入分析和改进提供了基础。  相似文献   
8.
直径对脉冲爆震发动机性能的影响   总被引:4,自引:0,他引:4  
本文通过实验研究了脉冲爆震发动机的直径对其性能的影响.实验结果表明;当爆震室的直径增大时,爆震波压力波形相似,平均峰值压力比较接近,且比冲基本保持不变,而推力则随爆震室直径的增大而增大。实验曲线表明爆震室内的流动具有自相似性,从而为建立尺寸律提供了实验依据.本文中比冲和平均推力是利用摆动原理测量的,并与由作用在推力壁上的压力计算得出的比冲和平均推力的理论值和实验值进行了比较,结果基本吻合,说明该测量方法可行.  相似文献   
9.
Solving large scale linear systems efficiently plays an important role in a petroleum reservoir simulator, and the key part is how to choose an effective parallel preconditioner. Properly choosing a good preconditioner has been beyond the pure algebraic field. An integrated preconditioner should include such components as physical background, characteristics of PDE mathematical model, nonlinear solving method, linear  相似文献   
10.
毛定祥 《运筹与管理》2005,14(5):108-111,149
本文利用我国上市公司1997至2002年的有关财务数据,建立了我国上市公司资本成本面板数据模型,运用该模型分析了我国上市公司资本成本与财务杠杆、企业规模的关系.结果表明,财务杠杆的提升、企业规模的扩大将使资本成本下降.该结论对我国上市公司优化资本结构、提高企业价值具有一定的参考价值.  相似文献   
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