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1.
本文利用统计计量学方法对山西省农民家庭消费水平和消费结构的变化及原因进行了实证分析。建立了山西省农民人均消费的消费函数和山西省农民总消费支出与食品、衣着、住房、日用品、燃料及文化生活服务支出的关系模型,并通过模型分析解释了农民的消费结构,也为决策者提供一些有效的参考资料。  相似文献   
2.
Formalization for problems of multicriteria decision making under uncertainty is constructed in terms of guaranteed and weak estimates. A relevant definition of the vector maximinimax value is given. Parameterization and approximation of maximum, minimax, and maximinimax values based on the inverse logical convolution are suggested. An application for multicommodity networks is considered. Received: December 13, 2000 / Accepted: August 21, 2001?Published online May 8, 2002  相似文献   
3.
本文研究了在需求随价格变化及物品易变质的条件下,当供应商给予数量折扣时的库存问题。证明了当供应商给予数量折扣时,零售商的需求量是增大的,并给出了供应商给予数量折扣时零售商的订货量和订货周期的计算方法。对物品变质率和需求价格敏感系数对零售商的订货量、订货周期、出售价格和单位时间利润的影响进行了数值分析,并给出了数值算例。  相似文献   
4.
We generalize the method that is used to study corrections to Cardy-Verlinde formula due to generalized uncertainty principle and discuss corrections to Cardy-Verlinde formula due to generalized uncertainty principle in (anti)-de Sitter space. Because in de Sitter black hole spacetime the radiation temperature of the black hole horizon is different from the one of the cosmological horizon, this spacetime is a thermodynamical non-equilibrium spacetime.  相似文献   
5.
We show that the difference between the Schrödinger uncertainty relations (UR) and the Heisenberg UR is fundamental. We propose a modified version of stochastic mechanics that allows clearly demonstrating that the contributions from the anticommutator and the commutator to the Schrödinger UR are equally important. A classification of quantum states minimizing the Schrödinger UR at an arbitrary instant is proposed. We show that the correlation of the coordinate and momentum fluctuations in such correlated-coherent states (CCS) is largely determined by the contributions from not only the commutator but also the anticommutator of the corresponding operators. We demonstrate that the character of this correlation changes qualitatively in time from the antiphase correlation typical for the Heisenberg UR to the inphase correlation for which the contribution from the anticommutator is decisive. We comparatively analyze properties of a free microparticle and a quantum oscillator in CCS and show that the CCS correspond to traveling-standing de Broglie waves in both models.  相似文献   
6.
We analyze the functioning of Gibbs-type entropy functionals in the time domain, with emphasis on Shannon and Kullback-Leibler entropies of time-dependent continuous probability distributions. The Shannon entropy validity is extended to probability distributions inferred from L 2(R n ) quantum wave packets. In contrast to the von Neumann entropy which simply vanishes on pure states, the differential entropy quantifies the degree of probability (de)localization and its time development. The associated dynamics of the Fisher information functional quantifies nontrivial power transfer processes in the mean, both in dissipative and quantum mechanical cases. PACS NUMBERS: 05.45.+b, 02.50.-r, 03.65.Ta, 03.67.-a  相似文献   
7.
刘莉 《大学数学》2002,18(5):102-104
讨论了满足 Solow条件矩阵的几个性质 ,并给出了与此相关的经济意义 .  相似文献   
8.
In this work the Cauchy problem for the one-dimensional heat equation is considered. In contrast to existing literature it is assumed that the initial state f is unknown and that information regarding f is obtained by some process of measurement. To enhance realism, both measurement errors and missing data are allowed for. Under assumptions on f in the Fourier-domain first an approximation to f is derived from the data by means of a novel uncertainty principle. Then, it is studied how this perturbation in the initial state propagates with time.   相似文献   
9.
BP神经网络在上海住宅市场需求预测中的应用   总被引:5,自引:0,他引:5  
人工神经网络是近期发展最快的人工智能领域研究成果之一 ,本文在介绍 BP神经网络的有关原理的基础上 ,建立了一个上海住宅市场的 BP神经网络模型 ,并通过该模型对上海住宅市场的需求进行了预测和分析 .分析结果表明人工神经网络方法在住宅市场需求预测中的应用是可行的并且是有效的 .  相似文献   
10.
It is routine to demonstrate in the exchange economy framework that small changes of individual preferences and endowments always result in small changes of the derived excess demand functions as one should expect. Though being as desirable for reasons of the consistency of the whole approach, however, a precise proof of the converse direction so far is still open to question. The present paper shows that it is actually true. We use a decomposition method for aggregate excess demand functions developed by Mas-Colell which is derived from the well-known decomposition method developed by Sonnenschein and perfected by Debreu and Mantel. Our result fills in a notorious gap in the line of economic justification usually given for this decomposition, or disaggregation, method in that comparative static analysis would be restricted if the decomposition of excess demand functions would not be continuous.  相似文献   
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