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1.
姚克信 《物理与工程》2006,16(3):44-46,64
阐述检测物体是否产生了电场的方法;通过实际检测证实立方体永磁体既产生了负静电场,也产生了正静电场,并测定了具体的场强.  相似文献   
2.
Novel self-assembled monolayers were obtained on silver using 4,7-diazaheptyl-trimethoxy-silane (SiN) and vinyl-trialkoxy-silane (SiVA, where the alkyl group is 3,6,9,12,15,18,21,24,27,30,33,36,39,42,45,48,51,54,57,60-eicozaoxa- hexaheptaconan). It was shown that thus modified metal surface was protected against electrooxidation. A densely packed monolayer remained stable and did not desorb from the Ag electrode on the potential cycling. The structure of SiN and SiVA as well as their complexes with Li+ cations were calculated and visualised by the AM1d and PM5 semi-empirical methods.  相似文献   
3.
Almost thirty years ago, Penny G. Estabrooks asked “Where and what are the scalar mesons?” (P. Estabrooks, Phys. Rev. D 19, 2678 (1979)). The first part of her question can now be confidently responded (E. van Beveren et al., Z. Phys. C 30, 615 (1986)). However, with respect to the “What” many puzzles remain unanswered. Scalar and axial-vector mesons form part of a large family of mesons. Consequently, though it is useful to pay them some extra attention, there is no point in discussing them as isolated phenomena. The particularity of structures in the scattering of --basically-- pions and kaons with zero angular momentum is the absence of the centrifugal barrier, which allows us to “see” strong interactions at short distances. Experimentally observed differences and similarities between scalar and axial-vector mesons on the one hand, and other mesons on the other hand, are very instructive for further studies. Nowadays, there exists an abundance of theoretical approaches towards the mesonic spectrum, ranging from confinement models of all kinds, i.e., glueballs, and quark-antiquark, multiquark and hybrid configurations, to models in which only mesonic degrees of freedom are taken into account. Nature seems to come out somewhere in the middle, neither preferring pure bound states, nor effective meson-meson physics with only coupling constants and possibly form factors. As a matter of fact, apart from a few exceptions, like pions and kaons, Nature does not allow us to study mesonic bound states of any kind, which is equivalent to saying that such states do not really exist. Hence, instead of extrapolating from pions and kaons to the remainder of the meson family, it is more democratic to consider pions and kaons mesonic resonances that happen to come out below the lowest threshold for strong decay. Nevertheless, confinement is an important ingredient for understanding the many regularities observed in mesonic spectra. Therefore, excluding quark degrees of freedom is also not the most obvious way of describing mesons in general, and scalars and axial-vectors in particular.  相似文献   
4.
环己硅烷类液晶化合物的量子化学研究   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
运用AM1和PM3两种SCF-MO方法,通过能量梯度全优化计算,给出20种环己硅烷类(苯基乙烷系)液晶化合物的稳定几何构型、电子结构和基本性质.联系有机电子结构理论进行了细致的讨论.  相似文献   
5.
Analysis of changes in 35Cl NQR frequency of complexes MCl4.L and MCl4.2L for M = Si, Ge, Sn and Ti was performed. The population of the atomic orbitals was calculated by the quantum chemistry methods PM3 and INDO. The results provided an explanation of the changes in 35Cl NQR frequency and the asymmetry parameter upon complex formation. In the complexes of non-transition elements, a decrease in 35Cl NQR frequency is first of all related to increasing population of pz orbitals on Cl atoms. In the complexes of Ti, the increase in 35Cl NQR frequency depends on a decrease in the pπ to dπ electron density transfer.  相似文献   
6.
木麻黄质膜离子泵在酸雨条件下对镧的响应   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
研究镧对酸雨(pH为4.5)胁迫下木麻黄幼苗早期生长和质膜离子泵ATP酶活性的影响。结果表明:较低浓度La3+浸种能使幼苗株高、根长、鲜重以及质膜质子泵活性明显增强,在200mg·L-1La3+处理时达到最高增强值,而高浓度的La3+浸种使之表现出抑制效应;幼苗质膜钙泵的活性受La3+抑制。质子泵活性与细胞的伸长生长呈显著正相关关系,镧对质子泵的活化作用有助于促进植物的生长,且适量的镧具有缓解酸雨胁迫下生长的植物细胞质酸化,维持细胞内环境稳定的间接作用。为抗酸雨和促生长,木麻黄经镧浸种8h的最适宜La3+浓度为50~200mg·L-1。  相似文献   
7.
表面活性剂增敏2.5次微分极谱测定香豆素   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
拟定了表面活性剂增敏、2 .5次微分极谱测定香豆素的方法。在含 6.0× 10 -6 mol·L-13 氯 2 羟丙基 三甲基氯化铵的 0 .1mol·L-1KH2 PO4 Na2 HPO4 (pH 6.8)缓冲液中 ,香豆素还原波 [峰电位Ep=- 1.60V(vs .SCE) ]的 2 .5次微分极谱峰峰电流e″p 与其浓度在 4 .0× 10 -7~ 6.0× 10 -5mol·L-1范围内呈良好线性关系 (r =0 .9998,n =10 ) ,检出限为 1.2× 10 -7mol·L-1。 13次平行测量 8.0× 10 -6 mol·L-1香豆素的峰电流 ,RSD为 1.5 %。该方法可用于中药白芷中香豆素的直接测定  相似文献   
8.
Static second-order nonlinear optical effects of amino acid zinc(Ⅱ) porphyrins 1, 2,3 and 4 were calculated by the TDHF/PM3 method based on the molecular structures optim.zed at the semiempirical PM3 quantum chemistry level, showing due to the cancellation of symmetric center, these amino acid zinc(H) porphyrins exhibit second order nonlinear optical response. The analysis of β components indicated that these amino acid zinc(Ⅱ) porphyrins are of multipolarizabilities, and they may be ascribed as the “mixture” of octupolar and dipoar molecules with ||βJ=3||/||βJ=1||≈5. It is found that there are no significant differences between the static β values of non-chiral and chiral amino acid zinc(Ⅱ) porphyrins. However, the βxyz component, which is quite important to quadratic macroscopic X^(2) susceptibility of chiral material, is increased significantly with the increase of side chain group of amino acids.  相似文献   
9.
The role of C-centered radicals on the mechanism of action of artemisinin   总被引:3,自引:0,他引:3  
Artemisinin is a sesquiterpene lactone with an endoperoxide function that is essential for its antimalarial activity. Endoperoxides are supposed to act on heme leading to the reduction of the peroxide bond and production of radicals, which can be responsible for killing the parasite. The geometries of artemisinin, radical anions and neutral species generated by rearrangement after reduction of the peroxide bond were fully optimized with the AM1 and PM3 semi-empirical methods, in order to characterize the intermediates formed during the process. Among the radicals calculated along the pathway for reductive decomposition of artemisinin, the secondary radical centered on carbon C4 has the highest stability when compared to other radicals that can be achieved either by hydrogen migration to the original O-centered radical or by homolytic break of C–C bond. This suggests that the C4-centered radical may be the species responsible for killing the parasite, as has been indicated previously in experimental studies.  相似文献   
10.
Matej Babjak 《Tetrahedron》2005,61(9):2471-2479
A total synthesis of (+)-goniothalesdiol, a 3,4-dihydroxy-2,5-disubstituted tetrahydrofuran isolated from Goniothalamus borneensis (Annonaceae), and its 7-epimer is reported using oxycarbonylation methodology for construction of polyhydroxylated substituted heterocycles. Diastereoselectivity of addition of organometallic reagents to 2,3-O-isopropylidene-d-threose derivatives using theoretical calculations based on the semiempirical PM5 was studied.  相似文献   
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