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2.
We consider a shallow water equation of the Camassa–Holm type, which contains nonlinear dispersive effects as well as fourth order dissipative effects. We prove that as the diffusion and dispersion parameters tend to zero, with a condition on the relative balance between these two parameters, smooth solutions of the shallow water equation converge to discontinuous weak solutions of a scalar conservation law. The proof relies on deriving suitable a priori estimates together with an application of the compensated compactness method in the L p setting.  相似文献   
3.
In this paper, we propose a compensated pixelwise calibration that integrates the effects of the camera housing temperature. The results of this calibration are compared on black body images to classic two points Non Uniformity Correction based calibrations, compensated or not. It is shown that the proposed approach leads to a significant improvement in the thermal resolution with a reduction in the mean error as well as the standard deviation. The approach is finally challenged on a real case measurement focusing on thermoelasticity. The gain in terms of accuracy measurement is highlighted by comparing the proposed calibration to classic calibrations and the scope of interest of this new calibration is discussed.  相似文献   
4.
This paper presents several examples of fundamental problems involving weak continuity and compactness for nonlinear partial differential equations, in which compensated compactness and related ideas have played a significant role. The compactness and convergence of vanishing viscosity solutions for nonlinear hyperbolic conservation laws are first analyzed, including the inviscid limit from the Navier-Stokes equations to the Euler equations for homentropic flow, the vanishing viscosity method to construct the global spherically symmetric solutions to the multidimensional compressible Euler equations, and the sonic-subsonic limit of solutions of the full Euler equations for multi-dimensional steady compressible fluids. Then the weak continuity and rigidity of the Gauss-Codazzi-Ricci system and corresponding isometric embeddings in differential geometry are revealed. Further references are also provided for some recent developments on the weak continuity and compactness for nonlinear partial differential equations.  相似文献   
5.
粘性可压混合层时间稳定性对称紧致差分求解   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
基于可压扰动方程组的一阶改型 ,将高精度对称紧致格式引入边值法数值线性稳定性分析。对所获非线性离散特征值问题给出了一个通用形式二阶迭代局部算法 ,实现了时间模式和空间模式的统一求解 ,并将扰动特征值及其特征函数同时得到。据此分析了可压平面自由混合层时间稳定性 ,涉及二维 /三维扰动波、粘性 /无粘扰动波、第一 /第二模态、特征函数、伪特征值谱等。研究表明 ,压缩性效应和粘性效应对最不稳定扰动波数和增长率呈相似的减抑作用 ;在 Mc=1附近 ,从高波数段开始 ,粘性效应可强化二维不稳定扰动波由第一模态向第二模态的过渡  相似文献   
6.
In this paper, we study the global L solutions for the Cauchy problem of nonsymmetric system (1.1) of Keyfitz-Kranzer type. When n=1, (1.1) is the Aw-Rascle traffic flow model. First, we introduce a new flux approximation to obtain a lower bound ρε,δ?δ>0 for the parabolic system generated by adding “artificial viscosity” to the Aw-Rascle system. Then using the compensated compactness method with the help of L1 estimate of wε,δx(⋅,t) we prove the pointwise convergence of the viscosity solutions under the general conditions on the function P(ρ), which includes prototype function , where γ∈(−1,0)∪(0,∞), A is a constant. Second, by means of BV estimates on the Riemann invariants and the compensated compactness method, we prove the global existence of bounded entropy weak solutions for the Cauchy problem of general nonsymmetric systems (1.1).  相似文献   
7.
Using a spot size based optimization technique, a bend loss versus dispersion diagram has been obtained theoretically for the most widely used step-index disper sion compensated optical fibers (DCF). The Rayleigh scattering loss can be incorpo rated with bend loss to calculate figure of merit (FOM), thus giving an FOM versus dispersion curve on a single diagram. The plot of the FOM-dispersion curve on a single diagram is useful from the designer's point of view, as it provides a quick reference for choosing the best suitable DCF, which should have large negative dispersion as well as maximum possible value of FOM. The effect of fiber manufac turing losses such as absorption loss on the maximum value of FOM has also been estimated.  相似文献   
8.
The stochastic integrals of M- type 2 Banach valued random functions w.r.t. compensated Poisson random measures introduced in (Rüdiger, B., 2004, In: Stoch. Stoch. Rep., 76, 213–242.) are discussed for general random functions. These are used to solve stochastic integral equations driven by non Gaussian Lévy noise on such spaces. Existence and uniqueness of the path wise solutions are proven under local Lipshitz conditions for the drift and noise coefficients on M-type 2 as well as general separable Banach spaces. The continuous dependence of the solution on the initial data as well as on the drift and noise coefficients are shown. The Markov properties for the solutions are analyzed.  相似文献   
9.
A plate equation with critical exponent in locally uniform spaces with a coefficient β(x) belonging to the locally uniform spaces is studied. This equation is shown to generate a dissipative semigroup in locally uniform spaces , which possesses global attractors in weighted spaces .  相似文献   
10.
We study the following stochastic differential delay equations driven by Poisson random jump measure
  相似文献   
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