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1.
The current work utilizes three separate techniques to study the physical aging process in amorphous poly(ethylene furanoate) (PEF), which is a recently introduced engineering thermoplastic with enhanced properties compared to petroleum‐sourced poly(ethylene terephthalate). Differential scanning calorimetry aging experiments were conducted at multiple aging temperatures and times, and the resultant enthalpic recovery values compared to the theoretical maximum enthalpy loss evaluated from calculations involving extrapolation of the equilibrium liquid line. Density measurements reveal densification of the matrix for the aged versus unaged samples, and provide an estimate for the reduction in free volume for the aged samples. Complementary oxygen permeation and pressure‐decay sorption experiments provide independent verification of the free volume reduction mechanism for physical aging in glassy polymers. The current work provides the first detailed aging study for PEF. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Polym. Sci., Part B: Polym. Phys. 2015 , 53, 389–399  相似文献   
2.
A. B. Mazo 《Fluid Dynamics》2002,37(6):913-918
Plane ideal incompressible flow in a rectangular channel partitioned by a thin permeable barrier (lattice) is considered. In flowing through the lattice the stream suddenly (jumpwise) changes direction and loses energy. The flow is assumed to be vortical; the vorticity is discontinuous on the lattice. A mathematical formulation of the problem for the stream function is proposed in the form of a nonlinear elliptic equation with coefficients discontinuous on the lattice line. A numerical solution is constructed using the finite-element iteration method. The results of the numerical simulation show how the flow velocity profile in the channel can be controlled by means of permeable barriers.  相似文献   
3.
卢春生  米耀荣 《物理》2006,35(7):550-552
在聚合物基体中掺入少量的层状硅酸盐所制备的聚合物/粘土纳米复合材料,其阻隔性能明显地优于纯聚合物及其传统的复合材料。实验及分析结果表明,聚合物/粘土纳米复合材料的微观结构和阻隔性能主要受控于粘土剥离后的径厚比.一简单的重整化群模型被用来评估粘土几何因素(诸如径厚比、取向、剥离程度等)对聚合物/粘土纳米复合材料阻隔性能的影响,所得到的逾渗阈值及最佳粘土含量与实验结果吻合。  相似文献   
4.
本文指出了传统投资决策方法的缺陷 ,提出了将期权理论应用于投资决策的总体思路 ,突破了传统决策分析的局限性 ,使决策更加科学和合理  相似文献   
5.
技术创新与增长期权定价   总被引:5,自引:1,他引:4  
本采用了净现值(NPV)和实物期权定价方法对一个实际的MMDS的发射放大器项目进行了定价,并对两种方法定价的结果进行了分析和对比。由于实物期权方法定价的结果包含项目中的增长期权和放弃期权的价值,因而实物期权方法定价的结果比NPV方法定价的结果更合理和更高。  相似文献   
6.
磁电垒结构中自旋极化输运性质的研究   总被引:5,自引:0,他引:5       下载免费PDF全文
秦建华  郭永  陈信义  顾秉林 《物理学报》2003,52(10):2569-2575
研究了电子隧穿几类磁电垒结构的自旋极化输运性质,导出统一的传输概率公式,揭示了非 均匀磁场的分布与自旋过滤的关系,同时表明采用有效朗德因子较大的半导体材料可以显著 增强磁电垒结构的自旋过滤效果. 关键词: 磁电垒 自旋过滤 自旋电子学 自旋极化  相似文献   
7.
Poly(ethylene isophthalate) (PEI) was synthesized for this research with essentially a condensation polymerization of isophthalic acid and ethylene glycol catalyzed by zinc acetate and antimony trioxide. Several samples were obtained, and their characteristics were observed and compared with poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET). The synthesized PEI samples were chemically identified by 1H NMR. Thermal analysis with differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) yielded results that indicate the samples were primarily amorphous, with a glass‐transition temperature of 55–60 °C. Molecular weights of these PEI samples were also obtained through intrinsic viscosity measurements (Mark–Houwink equation). Molecular weights varied with conditions of the polymerization, and the highest molecular weight achieved was 21,000 g/mol. Finally, the diffusion coefficient, solubility, and permeability of CO2 gas in PEI were measured and found to be substantially lower than in PET, as anticipated from their isomeric chemical structures. This is because in PET the phenyl rings are substituted in the para (1,4) positions, which allows for their facile flipping, effectively permitting gases to pass through. However, the meta‐substituted phenyl rings in PEI do not permit such ring flipping, and thus PEI may be more suitable for barrier applications. © 2004 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Polym Sci Part B: Polym Phys 42: 4247–4254, 2004  相似文献   
8.
There is a current need for alternative coatings that can provide corrosion resistance to metals or alloy surfaces due to the environmental hazards posed by conventional coatings. Herein, we report on novel organically-modified sol–gel coatings for the protection of metal and alloy surfaces. The basic concept of chemical conversion of metal surfaces is based on deposition of a hydrophobic, nonporous sol–gel barrier layer for surface protection and corrosion prevention. The properties of these organosilica coatings can be tuned by varying the composition of precursors. The evaluation of hydrophobicity, adhesive strength, and anticorrosion properties of organically-modified sol–gel derived coatings suggests their potential utility as technologically-compatible alternatives to conventional coatings.  相似文献   
9.
美式期权定价中非局部问题的有限元方法   总被引:2,自引:1,他引:1  
在本文中 ,我们关心的是美式期权的有限元方法 .首先 ,根据 [4 ]我们对所讨论的问题引进一个新奇的实用的方法 ,它涉及到对原问题重新形成准确的数学公式 ,使得数值解的计算可以在非常小的区域上进行 ,从而该算法计算速度快精度高 .进而 ,我们利用超逼近分析技术得到了有限元解关于 L2 -模的最优估计 .  相似文献   
10.
We consider the construction of small step path following algorithms using volumetric, and mixed volumetric-logarithmic, barriers. We establish quadratic convergence of a volumetric centering measure using pure Newton steps, enabling us to use relatively standard proof techniques for several subsequently needed results. Using a mixed volumetric-logarithmic barrier we obtain an O(n 1/4 m 1/4 L) iteration algorithm for linear programs withn variables andm inequality constraints, providing an alternative derivation for results first obtained by Vaidya and Atkinson. In addition, we show that the same iteration complexity can be attained while holding the work per iteration to O(n 2 m), as opposed to O(nm 2), operations, by avoiding use of the true Hessian of the volumetric barrier. Our analysis also provides a simplified proof of self-concordancy of the volumetric and mixed volumetric-logarithmic barriers, originally due to Nesterov and Nemirovskii. This paper was first presented at the 1994 Faculty Research Seminar “Optimization in Theory and Practice”, at the University of Iowa Center for Advanced Studies.  相似文献   
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