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Different noise mechanisms between Mn-doped Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3–0.27PbTiO3 (Mn-PMNT) and LiTaO3 (LT) based pyroelectric infrared detectors were observed under voltage mode, revealing that at low frequency of 10 Hz, dielectric loss noise dominates for Mn-PMNT based detectors, while resistance noise for LT based ones. Meanwhile, an extremely low equivalent voltage noise of appropriate 20 nV/Hz1/2 was obtained in Mn-PMNT based detectors, 1/4 times lower than that of the LT based detectors. On the basis of the different noise mechanisms, frequency dependence of figure of merit for detectivity (Fd) have been deduced, providing significant reference values for the analysis of different materials based pyroelectric detectors.  相似文献   
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The high pressure behaviors and electronic properties of (C6H6)n@SWCNT peapod structure with the different encapsulation densities are studied by the DFT calculation. The weak van der Waals interaction and electronic orbital hybridization interaction between the host and guest molecules are exhibited in the pressure lower and higher than 3 GPa, respectively. The encapsulation density of C6H6 molecules plays an important role in the structural deformation, the bonding behaviors, and the electronic orbital hybridization interaction of the considered four hybrid systems under the pressures.  相似文献   
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《印度化学会志》2021,98(10):100164
COVID-19 is considered as a major public health problem caused by the SARS CoV-2. This Viral infection is known to induce worldwide pandemic in short period of time. Emerging evidence suggested that the transmission control and drug therapy may influence the preventive measures extensively as the host surrounding environment and pathogenic mechanism may contribute to the pandemic condition earlier in COVID-19 disease. Although, several animals identified as reservoir to date, however human-to-human transmission is well documented. Human beings are sustaining the virus in the communities and act as an amplifier of the virus. Human activities i.e., living with the patient, touching patient waste etc. in the surrounding of active patients or asymptomatic persons cause significant risk factors for transmission. On the other hand, drug target and mechanism to destroy the virus or virus inhibition depends on diversified approaches of drugs and different target for virus life cycle. This article describes the sustainable chemical preventive models understanding, requirements, technology adaptation and the implementation strategies in these pandemic-like situations. As the outbreak progresses, healthcare models focused on transmission control through disinfections and sanitization based on risk calculations. Identification of the most suitable target of drugs and regional control model of transmission are of high priority. In the early stages of an outbreak, availability of epidemiological information is important to encourage preventive measures efforts by public health authorities and provide robust evidence to guide interventions. Here, we have discussed the level of adaptations in technology that research professionals display toward their public health preventive models. We should compile a representative data set of adaptations that humans can consider for transmission control and adopt for viruses and their hosts. Overall, there are many aspects of the chemical science and technology in virus preventive measures. Herein, the most recent advances in this context are discussed, and the possible reasons behind the sustainable preventive model are presented. This kind of sustainable preventive model having adaptation and implementation with green chemistry system will reduce the shedding of the virus into the community by eco-friendly methods, and thus the risk of transmission and infection progression can be mitigated.  相似文献   
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It is observed that for Lexan and Makrofol-DE polycarbonate plastic detectors the mean diameters of fission fragments from a 252Cf source increases as a result of gamma-ray exposure. We have studied the bulk etching rate and track etching rate before and after gamma-ray irradiation on Lexan and Makrofol-DE polycarbonate plastics. The mechanism of Lexan and Makrofol-DE polycarbonate plastic detectors can be understood with the help of this exposures. It is also noted that degree of ordering of Lexan and Makrofol-DE polycarbonate is dependent on the gamma ray dose due to degradation and cross-linking processes. The results show that bulk and track etch rate increases with gamma dose while activation energy associated with bulk and track etch rates at a particular temperature and sensitivity decreases with gamma dose.  相似文献   
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This article is focused on the characteristics of the projectile fragments of charge 1 ≤ Z ≤ 10 produced in the interaction of the 84Kr36 with nuclear emulsion detector at 1 GeV per nucleon. We have studied the average charge distribution and multiplicity distribution of the projectile fragments having charge 1 ≤ Z ≤ 10. We have also studied the emission behavior of various projectile fragments produced from the interaction with different target groups of nuclear emulsion detector. From this study we have observed that the emission of projectile fragments is strongly dependent on the interaction with different type of the target groups of nuclear emulsion detector as well as on the mass of the projectile beam. The results are compared with other experimental observations carried out at relativistic energy and found to be consistent.  相似文献   
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Fission fragments and other charged particles leave tracks of permanent damage in most of the insulating solids. Damage track detectors are useful for personal dosimeters and for flux/dose determination of high-energy particles from accelerators or cosmic rays. A detector that has its principal response at nucleon energy above 50 MeV is provided by the fission of Bi-209. Neutrons produce the largest percentage of hadron dose in most high-energy radiation fields. In these fields, the neutron spectrum is typically formed by low-energy neutrons (evaporation spectrum) and high-energy neutrons (knock-on spectrum). We used Bi-fission detectors to measure neutron peak fluence and compared the result with the calculated value of neutron peak fluence. For the exposure to 100 MeV we have used the iThemba Facility in South Africa.  相似文献   
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The polyester fiber containing Ag nanoparticles was prepared through the chemical reduction under ultrasound irradiation. Influences of reduction reagents on the morphological properties of Ag nanoparticles@polyester fiber were studied. The sizes of metallic nanoparticles vary significantly with the types of reduction reagents used in the synthesis. A strong reduction reaction promotes a fast reaction rate and favors the formation of smaller nanoparticle. A weak reduction reagent induces a slow reaction rate and favors relatively larger particles. The products were investigated by means of scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray powder diffraction (XRPD).  相似文献   
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