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Extensible lattice sequences have been proposed and studied in [F.J. Hickernell, H.S. Hong, Computing multivariate normal probabilities using rank-1 lattice sequences, in: G.H. Golub, S.H. Lui, F.T. Luk, R.J. Plemmons (Eds.), Proceedings of the Workshop on Scientific Computing (Hong Kong), Singapore, Springer, Berlin, 1997, pp. 209–215; F.J. Hickernell, H.S. Hong, P. L’Ecuyer, C. Lemieux, Extensible lattice sequences for quasi-Monte Carlo quadrature, SIAM J. Sci. Comput. 22 (2001) 1117–1138; F.J. Hickernell, H.Niederreiter, The existence of good extensible rank-1 lattices, J. Complexity 19 (2003) 286–300]. For the special case of extensible Korobov sequences, parameters can be found in [F.J. Hickernell, H.S. Hong, P. L’Ecuyer, C.Lemieux, Extensible lattice sequences for quasi-Monte Carlo quadrature, SIAM J. Sci. Comput. 22 (2001) 1117–1138]. The searches made to obtain these parameters were based on quality measures that look at several projections of the lattice. Because it is often the case in practice that low-dimensional projections are very important, it is of interest to find parameters for these sequences based on measures that look more closely at these projections. In this paper, we prove the existence of “good” extensible Korobov rules with respect to a quality measure that considers two-dimensional projections. We also report results of experiments made on different problems where the newly obtained parameters compare favorably with those given in [F.J. Hickernell, H.S. Hong, P. L’Ecuyer, C. Lemieux, Extensible lattice sequences for quasi-Monte Carlo quadrature, SIAM J. Sci. Comput. 22 (2001) 1117–1138].  相似文献   
4.
This paper establishes new methodology for calculating the optimal sample size when a hypothesis test between two binomial populations is performed. The problem is addressed from the Bayesian point of view, with prior information expressed through a Dirichlet distribution. The approach of this paper sets an upper bound for the posterior risk and then chooses as “optimum ”the combined sample size for which the likelihood of the data does not satisfy this bound. The combined sample size is divided equally between the two binomials. Numerical examples are discussed for which the two proportions are equal to either a fixed or to a random value.  相似文献   
5.
This paper introduces a profile empirical likelihood and a profile conditionally empirical likelihood to estimate the parameter of interest in the presence of nuisance parameters respectively for the parametric and semiparametric models. It is proven that these methods propose some efficient estimators of parameters of interest in the sense of least-favorable efficiency. Particularly, for the decomposable semiparametric models, an explicit representation for the estimator of parameter of interest is derived from the proposed nonparametric method. These new estimations are different from and more efficient than the existing estimations. Some examples and simulation studies are given to illustrate the theoretical results. The first author is supported by NNSF projects (10371059 and 10171051) of China. The second author is supported by a grant from The Research Grants Council of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China (#HKU7060/04P). The third author is supported by the University Research Committee of the University of Hong Kong and a grant from the Research Grants Council of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China (Project No. HKU7323/01M).  相似文献   
6.
In this paper, we consider hypothesis testing problems in which the involved samples are drawn from generalized multivariate modified Bessel populations. This is a much more general distribution that includes both the multivariate normal and multivariate-t distributions as special cases. We derive the distribution of the Hotelling's T2-statistic for both the one- and two-sample problems, as well as the distribution of the Scheffe's T2-statistic for the Behrens–Fisher problem. In all cases, the non-null distribution of the corresponding F-statistic follows a new distribution which we introduce as the non-central F-Bessel distribution. Some statistical properties of this distribution are studied. Furthermore, this distribution was utilized to perform some power calculations for tests of means for different models which are special cases of the generalized multivariate modified Bessel distribution, and the results compared with those obtained under the multivariate normal case. Under the null hypothesis, however, the non-central F-Bessel distribution reduces to the central F-distribution obtained under the classical normal model.  相似文献   
7.
For the problem of estimating the normal mean based on a random sample X 1,...,X n when a prior value 0 is available, a class of shrinkage estimators % MathType!MTEF!2!1!+-% feaafeart1ev1aaatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbuLwBLn% hiov2DGi1BTfMBaeXatLxBI9gBaerbd9wDYLwzYbItLDharqqtubsr% 4rNCHbGeaGqiVu0Je9sqqrpepC0xbbL8F4rqqrFfpeea0xe9Lq-Jc9% vqaqpepm0xbba9pwe9Q8fs0-qqaqpepae9pg0FirpepeKkFr0xfr-x% fr-xHapdbiqaaeGaciGaaiaabeqaamaabaabaaGcbaWaaubeaeqaje% aWbaGaamOBaaWcbeqdbaGafqiVd0MbaKaaaaGccaqGGaGaaiikaiaa% dUgacaGGPaGaeyypa0Jaam4AaiaacIcadaqfqaqabKqaahaacaqGUb% aaleqaneaacaqGubaaaOGaaiykaiaabccadaqfqaqabKqaahaacaWG% UbaaleqaneaaceqGybGbaebaaaGccaqGGaGaey4kaSIaaeiiaiaacI% cacaaIXaGaaeiiaiabgkHiTiaabccacaWGRbGaaiikamaavababeqc% baCaaiaab6gaaSqab0qaaiaabsfaaaGccaGGPaGaaiykamaavababe% qcbaCaaiaad6gaaSqab0qaaiabeY7aTbaaaaa!5615!\[\mathop {\hat \mu }\nolimits_n {\rm{ }}(k) = k(\mathop {\rm{T}}\nolimits_{\rm{n}} ){\rm{ }}\mathop {{\rm{\bar X}}}\nolimits_n {\rm{ }} + {\rm{ }}(1{\rm{ }} - {\rm{ }}k(\mathop {\rm{T}}\nolimits_{\rm{n}} ))\mathop \mu \nolimits_n \] is considered, where % MathType!MTEF!2!1!+-% feaafeart1ev1aaatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbuLwBLn% hiov2DGi1BTfMBaeXatLxBI9gBaerbd9wDYLwzYbItLDharqqtubsr% 4rNCHbGeaGqiVu0Je9sqqrpepC0xbbL8F4rqqrFfpeea0xe9Lq-Jc9% vqaqpepm0xbba9pwe9Q8fs0-qqaqpepae9pg0FirpepeKkFr0xfr-x% fr-xHapdbiqaaeGaciGaaiaabeqaamaabaabaaGcbaWaaubeaeqaje% aWbaGaamOBaaWcbeqcdawaaiaadsfaaaGccaqGGaGaaeypaiaabcca% caWGUbWaaWbaaSqabeaacaaIXaGaai4laiaaikdaaaGccaGGOaWaa0% aaaeaacaWGybaaamaaBaaajeaWbaGaamOBaaWcbeaakiaabccacqGH% sislcaqGGaWaaubeaeqajeaWbaGaaGimaaWcbeqdbaGaaeiVdaaaki% aacMcacaqGGaGaae4laiabeccaGiabeo8aZbaa!4C33!\[\mathop T\nolimits_n {\rm{ = }}n^{1/2} (\overline X _n {\rm{ }} - {\rm{ }}\mathop {\rm{\mu }}\nolimits_0 ){\rm{ /}} \sigma \] and k is a weight function. For certain choices of k, % MathType!MTEF!2!1!+-% feaafeart1ev1aaatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbuLwBLn% hiov2DGi1BTfMBaeXatLxBI9gBaerbd9wDYLwzYbItLDharqqtubsr% 4rNCHbGeaGqiVu0Je9sqqrpepC0xbbL8F4rqqrFfpeea0xe9Lq-Jc9% vqaqpepm0xbba9pwe9Q8fs0-qqaqpepae9pg0FirpepeKkFr0xfr-x% fr-xHapdbiqaaeGaciGaaiaabeqaamaabaabaaGcbaWaaubeaeqaje% aWbaGaamOBaaWcbeqdbaGafqiVd0MbaKaaaaGccaqGGaGaaiikaiaa% dUgacaGGPaaaaa!3CEE!\[\mathop {\hat \mu }\nolimits_n {\rm{ }}(k)\] coincides with previously studied preliminary test and shrinkage estimators. We consider choosing k from a natural non-parametric family of weight functions so as to minimize average risk relative to a specified prior p. We study how, by varying p, the MSE efficiency (relative to \-X) properties of % MathType!MTEF!2!1!+-% feaafeart1ev1aaatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbuLwBLn% hiov2DGi1BTfMBaeXatLxBI9gBaerbd9wDYLwzYbItLDharqqtubsr% 4rNCHbGeaGqiVu0Je9sqqrpepC0xbbL8F4rqqrFfpeea0xe9Lq-Jc9% vqaqpepm0xbba9pwe9Q8fs0-qqaqpepae9pg0FirpepeKkFr0xfr-x% fr-xHapdbiqaaeGaciGaaiaabeqaamaabaabaaGcbaWaaubeaeqaje% aWbaGaamOBaaWcbeqdbaGafqiVd0MbaKaaaaGccaqGGaGaaiikaiaa% dUgacaGGPaaaaa!3CEE!\[\mathop {\hat \mu }\nolimits_n {\rm{ }}(k)\] can be controlled. In the process, a certain robustness property of the usual family of posterior mean estimators, corresponding to the conjugate normal priors, is observed.  相似文献   
8.
The strong interest in recent years in analyzing chaotic dynamical systems according to their asymptotic behavior has led to various definitions of fractal dimension and corresponding methods of statistical estimation. In this paper we first provide a rigorous mathematical framework for the study of dimension, focusing on pointwise dimension(x) and the generalized Renyi dimensionsD(q), and give a rigorous proof of inequalities first derived by Grassberger and Procaccia and Hentschel and Procaccia. We then specialize to the problem of statistical estimation of the correlation dimension and information dimension. It has been recognized for some time that the error estimates accompanying the usual procedures (which generally involve least squares methods and nearest neighbor calculations) grossly underestimate the true statistical error involved. In least squares analyses of and we identify sources of error not previously discussed in the literature and address the problem of obtaining accurate error estimates. We then develop an estimation procedure for which corrects for an important bias term (the local measure density) and provides confidence intervals for. The general applicability of this method is illustrated with various numerical examples.  相似文献   
9.
The present paper proposes an evolutionary credibility model that describes the joint dynamics of mortality through time in several populations. Instead of modeling the mortality rate levels, the time series of population-specific mortality rate changes, or mortality improvement rates are considered and expressed in terms of correlated time factors, up to an error term. Dynamic random effects ensure the necessary smoothing across time, as well as the learning effect. They also serve to stabilize successive mortality projection outputs, avoiding dramatic changes from one year to the next. Statistical inference is based on maximum likelihood, properly recognizing the random, hidden nature of underlying time factors. Empirical illustrations demonstrate the practical interest of the approach proposed in the present paper.  相似文献   
10.
We prove that the componentwise maximum of an i.i.d. triangular array of chi-square random vectors converges in distribution, under appropriate assumptions on the dependence within the vectors and after normalization, to the max-stable Hüsler–Reiss distribution. As a by-product we derive a conditional limit result.  相似文献   
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