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**排序方式：**共有439条查询结果，搜索用时 11 毫秒

1.

《Nuclear Physics A》1986,458(4):652-668

The quark-meson RPA equations, which describe small oscillations of a bound quark-meson system about the stationary configuration, are derived through linearization of the classical time-dependent Euler-Lagrange problem. The method has an immediate application in phenomenological quark-meson models for baryons. It provides a test of the classical stability of these systems. A number of measurable quantities, such as the spectrum of excited states and the meson-soliton phase shifts can be calculated. We demonstrate the QMRPA on a simple, 3 + 1 dimensional model of the nucleon — the chiral quark-meson model. 相似文献

2.

Previous hotel performance studies neglected the role of information entropy in feedback processes between input and output management. This paper focuses on this gap by exploring the relationship between hotel performance at the industry level and the capability of learning by doing and adopting best practices using a sample of 153 UK hotels over a 10-year period between 2008–2017. Besides, this research also fills a literature gap by addressing the issues of measuring hotel performance in light of negative outputs. In order to achieve this, we apply a novel Modified slack-based model for the efficiency analysis and Least Absolute Shrinkage and Selection Operator to examine the influence of entropy related variable on efficiency score. The Results indicate that less can be learnt from inputs than from outputs to improve efficiency levels and resource allocation is more balanced than cash flow and liquidity. The findings suggest that market dynamics explains the cash flow generation potential and liquidity. We find that market conditions are increasingly offering the opportunities for learning and improving hotel efficiency. The results report that the distinctive characteristic of superior performance in hotel operations is the capability to match the cash flow generation potential with market opportunities. 相似文献

3.

4.

Using statistically designed experiments, 12,500 observations are generated from a 4-pieced Cobb-Douglas function exhibiting increasing and decreasing returns to scale in its different pieces. Performances of DEA and frontier regressions represented by COLS (Corrected Ordinary Least Squares) are compared at sample sizes of

*n*=50, 100, 150 and 200. Statistical consistency is exhibited, with performances improving as sample sizes increase. Both DEA and COLS generally give good results at all sample sizes. In evaluating efficiency, DEA generally shows superior performance, with BCC models being best (except at corner points), followed by the CCR model and then by COLS, with log-linear regressions performing better than their translog counterparts at almost all sample sizes. Because of the need to consider locally varying behavior, only the CCR and translog models are used for returns to scale, with CCR being the better performer. An additional set of 7,500 observations were generated under conditions that made it possible to compare efficiency evaluations in the presence of collinearity and with model misspecification in the form of added and omitted variables. Results were similar to the larger experiment: the BCC model is the best performer. However, COLS exhibited surprisingly good performances — which suggests that COLS may have previously unidentified robustness properties — while the CCR model is the poorest performer when one of the variables used to generate the observations is omitted. 相似文献5.

《Physics letters. [Part B]》2001,504(4):301-308

We discuss the flavor conversion of supernova neutrinos in the three-flavor mixing scheme of neutrinos. We point out that by neutrino observation from supernova one can discriminate the inverted hierarchy of neutrino masses from the normal one if

*s*_{13}^{2}≳a few×10^{−4}, irrespective of which oscillation solution to the solar neutrino problem is realized in nature. We perform an analysis of data of SN1987A and obtain a strong indication that the inverted mass hierarchy is disfavored unless*s*_{13}^{2}≲a few×10^{−4}. 相似文献6.

We construct a jump-diffusion model with seasonality, mean-reversion, time-dependent jump intensity and heteroskedastic disturbance for electricity spot prices, while keeping the analytical tractability of futures prices. We find that the jump component plays a considerably larger role than the diffusion component in the variance of spot prices. Moreover, the jump intensity is much higher during summer and winter. We also explore the seasonal market price of risk (MPR) with different maturities, from one month to five months. Our results show that the diffusion risk and the jump risk are priced quite differently. 相似文献

7.

《Insurance: Mathematics and Economics》1987,6(3):195-202

We derive an approximation for stop-loss premiums for a number of specific cases. Both exponential and subexponential estimates are derived while special emphasis is given to the compound Poisson case. The full set of examples should provide a wide variety of situations covering most cases occurring in practice. 相似文献

8.

9.

Anna Boisits Roland Königsgruber 《Central European Journal of Operations Research》2016,24(1):177-205

In this paper we analyze a model which addresses two stylized facts which have received little attention in disclosure theory. (a) Information that is acquired for internal decision-making can subsequently be disclosed to outside investors who can use it to update their assessment of the firm’s prospects. Thus, the decision to gather information in the first place does not only depend on the decision value of information. (b) Information disclosed by firms is only one element of the information environment upon which investors can draw. This setting creates an interaction between firms’ information gathering and disclosure decisions as well as alternative sources of information. We identify an equilibrium structure which we call a Countersignaling equilibrium in which only average firms acquire information whereas good and bad firms do not. We show that while several equilibria can coexist, a Countersignaling equilibrium is often the economically most efficient one. 相似文献

10.

M. Zandieh M. Amiri B. Vahdani R. Soltani 《Journal of Computational and Applied Mathematics》2009,230(2):463-476

Most real world search and optimization problems naturally involve multiple responses. In this paper we investigate a multiple response problem within desirability function framework and try to determine values of input variables that achieve a target value for each response through three meta-heuristic algorithms such as genetic algorithm (GA), simulated annealing (SA) and tabu search (TS). Each algorithm has some parameters that need to be accurately calibrated to ensure the best performance. For this purpose, a robust calibration is applied to the parameters by means of Taguchi method. The computational results of these three algorithms are compared against each others. The superior performance of SA over TS and TS over GA is inferred from the obtained results in various situations. 相似文献