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1.
In this paper, a duopoly Stackelberg model of competition on output is formulated. The firms announce plan products sequentially in planning phase and act simultaneously in production phase. For the duopoly Stackelberg model, a nonlinear dynamical system which describes the time evolution with different strategies is analyzed. We present results on existence, stability and local bifurcations of the equilibrium points. Numerical simulations demonstrate that the system with varying model parameters may drive to chaos and the loss of stability may be caused by period doubling bifurcations. It is also shown that the state variables feedback and parameter variation method can be used to keep the system from instability and chaos.  相似文献   
2.
Chinese heavy-polluting industrial enterprises, especially petrochemical or chemical industry, labeled low carbon efficiency and high emission load, are facing the tremendous pressure of emission reduction under the background of global shortage of energy supply and constrain of carbon emission. However, due to the limited amount of theoretic and practical research in this field, problems like lacking prediction indicators or models, and the quantified standard of carbon risk remain unsolved. In this paper, the connotation of carbon risk and an assessment index system for Chinese heavy-polluting industrial enterprises (eg. coal enterprise, petrochemical enterprises, chemical enterprises et al.) based on support vector machine are presented. By using several heavy-polluting industrial enterprises’ related data, SVM model is trained to predict the carbon risk level of a specific enterprise, which allows the enterprise to identify and manage its carbon risks. The result shows that this method can predict enterprise’s carbon risk level in an efficient, accurate way with high practical application and generalization value.  相似文献   
3.
Presented in this paper is an overview of energy consumption in rural China in view of temporal and spatial variations. Characterized by steadily decreased proportion of biomass use and increased percentage of coal and electricity use, coal and biomass are still the major energy sources in rural areas, accounting for nearly 80% of the total rural energy consumption. Moreover, the energy consumption varies significantly across provinces both in total sum and by fuel types due to diversities of geographic features, economic development levels and local energy source availability. Three statistical groups are clustered associated with quantitative change and structural change, exhibiting evident transition from noncommercial energy pattern to commercial energy pattern. Much more work need to be done to cope with the forthcoming dramatic changes associated with booming rural economy and newly released policy from the points of both energy security and environmental pressure in China.  相似文献   
4.
This paper considers sampled-data based chaos synchronization using observers in the presence of measurement noise for a large class of chaotic systems. We study discretized model of chaotic systems which are perturbed by white noise and employ Lyapunov-like theorems to come up with a simple yet effective observer design. For the choice of observer gain, a suboptimal criterion is obtained in terms of LMI. We present semiglobal as well as global results. The proposed scheme can also be extended for discrete-time chaotic systems. Numerical simulations have been carried out to verify the effectiveness of theoretical results.  相似文献   
5.
This paper provides a method of finding the optimal expansion process and discusses the marginal analysis for expansion of the competence set when the cost functions are asymmetric. The concept of tree expansion process is introduced, and a method of finding the optimal tree expansion process is given. The paper also shows a way to identify the optimal competence set when both the expected return and cost are considered.  相似文献   
6.
In this paper, we study Pareto optimality of reinsurance arrangements under general model settings. We give the necessary and sufficient conditions for a reinsurance contract to be Pareto-optimal and characterize all Pareto-optimal reinsurance contracts under more general model assumptions. We also obtain the sufficient conditions that guarantee the existence of the Pareto-optimal reinsurance contracts. When the losses of an insurer and a reinsurer are both measured by the Tail-Value-at-Risk (TVaR) risk measures, we obtain the explicit forms of the Pareto-optimal reinsurance contracts under the expected value premium principle. For the purpose of practice, we use numerical examples to show how to determine the mutually acceptable Pareto-optimal reinsurance contracts among the available Pareto-optimal reinsurance contracts such that both the insurer’s aim and the reinsurer’s goal can be met under the mutually acceptable Pareto-optimal reinsurance contracts.  相似文献   
7.
The generalized Poisson distribution is well known to be a compound Poisson distribution with Borel summands. As a generalization we present closed formulas for compound Bartlett and Delaporte distributions with Borel summands and a recursive structure for certain compound shifted Delaporte mixtures with Borel summands. Our models are introduced in an actuarial context as claim number distributions and are derived only with probabilistic arguments and elementary combinatorial identities. In the actuarial context related compound distributions are of importance as models for the total size of insurance claims for which we present simple recursion formulas of Panjer type.  相似文献   
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9.
Stochastic resonance (SR) has been extensively utilized in the field of weak fault signal detection for its characteristic of enhancing weak signals by transferring the noise energy. Aiming at solving the output saturation problem of the classical bistable stochastic resonance (CBSR) system, a double Gaussian potential stochastic resonance (DGSR) system is proposed. Moreover, the output signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of the DGSR method is derived based on the adiabatic approximation theory to analyze the effect of system parameters on the DGSR method. At the same time, for the purpose of overcoming the drawback that the traditional SNR index needs to know the fault characteristic frequency (FCF), the weighted local signal-to-noise ratio (WLSNR) index is constructed. The DGSR with WLSNR can obtain optimal parameters adaptively, thereby establishing the DGSR system. Ultimately, a DGSR method is proposed and applied in centrifugal fan blade crack detection. Through simulations and experiments, the effectiveness and superiority of the DGSR method are verified.  相似文献   
10.
Positive lead times substantially complicate the modeling and analysis of inventory systems with finite shelf lifetimes and they have not been sufficiently addressed in the existing literature. In this paper, we analyze an (s, S) continuous review model with a positive lead time. We assume an exponential lifetime and an exponential lead time. Matrix-geometric solutions can be obtained for the steady state probability distribution of the inventory level. We then derive the total expected cost function. We carry out numerical studies and gain insights to the selection of system parameters. The findings on the impact of a positive lead time on the optimal reorder point and reorder batch size will be useful in developing strategies in handling inventory problems with finite lifetimes and positive lead times.  相似文献   
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