首页 | 本学科首页   官方微博 | 高级检索  
文章检索
  按 检索   检索词:      
出版年份:   被引次数:   他引次数: 提示:输入*表示无穷大
  收费全文   83743篇
  免费   14800篇
  国内免费   8947篇
化学   41829篇
晶体学   1119篇
力学   6596篇
综合类   574篇
数学   14202篇
物理学   43170篇
  2024年   220篇
  2023年   2867篇
  2022年   3388篇
  2021年   3694篇
  2020年   4272篇
  2019年   2810篇
  2018年   3732篇
  2017年   4355篇
  2016年   4511篇
  2015年   4080篇
  2014年   5042篇
  2013年   6254篇
  2012年   7337篇
  2011年   7209篇
  2010年   5360篇
  2009年   5384篇
  2008年   3955篇
  2007年   4566篇
  2006年   4570篇
  2005年   2584篇
  2004年   1746篇
  2003年   1637篇
  2002年   1476篇
  2001年   1960篇
  2000年   1009篇
  1999年   1612篇
  1998年   1053篇
  1997年   788篇
  1996年   542篇
  1995年   480篇
  1994年   363篇
  1993年   346篇
  1992年   336篇
  1991年   295篇
  1990年   293篇
  1989年   377篇
  1988年   1427篇
  1987年   2520篇
  1986年   2435篇
  1985年   367篇
  1984年   54篇
  1983年   49篇
  1982年   39篇
  1981年   31篇
  1980年   7篇
  1979年   9篇
  1976年   3篇
  1971年   12篇
  1959年   5篇
  1957年   20篇
排序方式: 共有10000条查询结果,搜索用时 15 毫秒
1.
以氧化石墨烯(GO)为原料, 利用温和方法制备了3种不同还原程度的部分还原氧化石墨烯pRGO1, pRGO2和pRGO3(pRGO1—3); 利用傅里叶变换红外光谱(FTIR)、 拉曼光谱(Raman)、 X 射线光电子能谱(XPS)、 紫外-可见光谱(UV-Vis)、 透射电子显微镜(TEM)和 EDS能谱对其结构和形貌进行了表征. 细胞实验结果表明, 无激光照射下pRGO1—3本身的细胞毒性较低; 近红外(NIR)激光照射下pRGO1—3通过光热和光毒性双重作用杀伤肿瘤细胞. 实验结果显示了pRGO 在肿瘤光热疗法和光动力疗法领域的应用潜力.  相似文献   
2.
Two series of novel alternating copolyoxamides (PAnT-alt-n2 and PAn2-alt-62) are synthesized via solution/solid-state polycondensation (SSP). The alternating structures are analyzed carefully with 1H NMR and 13C NMR spectra. The melting behaviors, thermal stabilities, crystal structures and crystallinities are systematically evaluated by DSC, TGA and WAXD. The results reveal that these alternating copolyoxamides possess almost perfect alternating chain structures and have high melting temperature (Tm > 270 °C), high crystallinity (Xc > 32%) and high decomposition temperature (T5 > 405 °C) as well as low saturated water absorption (<3.5 wt%), which suggests that they have high potential as engineering plastic of high heat resistant.  相似文献   
3.
High-reflective multilayer laser coatings are widely used in advanced optical systems from high power laser facilities to high precision metrology systems. However, the real interface quality and defects will significantly affect absorption/scattering losses and laser induced damage thresholds of multilayer coatings. With the recent advances in the control of coating design and deposition processes, these coating properties can be significantly improved when properly engineered the interface and defects. This paper reviews the recent progress in the physics of laser damage, optical losses and environmental stability involved in multilayer reflective coatings for high power nanosecond near-infrared lasers. We first provide an overview of the layer growth mechanisms, ways to control the microstructures and reduce layer roughness, as well as the nature of defects which are critical to the optical loss and laser induced damage. Then an overview of interface engineering based on the design of coating structure and the regulation of deposition materials reveals their ability to improve the laser induced damage threshold, reduce the backscattering, and realize the desirable properties of environmental stability and exceptional multifunctionality. Moreover, we describe the recent progress in the laser damage and scattering mechanism of nodule defects and give the approaches to suppress the defect-induced damage and scattering of the multilayer laser coatings. Finally, the present challenges and limitations of high-performance multilayer laser coatings are highlighted, along with the comments on likely trends in future.  相似文献   
4.
This paper is concerned with the Cauchy problem on the Boltzmann equation without angular cutoff assumption for hard potential in the whole space. When the initial data is a small perturbation of a global Maxwellian, the global existence of solution to this problem is proved in unweighted Sobolev spaces HN(Rx,v6) with N2. But if we want to obtain the optimal temporal decay estimates, we need to add the velocity weight function, in this case the global existence and the optimal temporal decay estimate of the Boltzmann equation are all established. Meanwhile, we further gain a more accurate energy estimate, which can guarantee the validity of the assumption in Chen et al. (0000).  相似文献   
5.
《中国化学快报》2022,33(8):3797-3801
In this work, Z-scheme V2O5 loaded fluorinated inverse opal carbon nitride (IO F-CN/V2O5) was synthesized as a product of ternary collaborative modification with heterostructure construction, element doping and inverse opal structure. The catalyst presented the highest photocatalytic activity and rate constant for degradation of typical organic pollutants Rhodamine B (RhB) and was also used for the efficient removal of antibiotics, represented by norfloxacin (NOR), sulfadiazine (SD) and levofloxacin (LVX). Characterizations confirmed its increased specific surface area, narrowed bandgap, and enhanced visible light utilization capacity. Further mechanism study including band structure study and electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) proved the successful construction of Z-scheme heterojunction, which improved photo-generated charge carrier migration and provide sufficient free radicals for the degradation process. The combination of different modifications contributed to the synergetic improvement of removal efficiency towards different organic pollutants.  相似文献   
6.
《Discrete Mathematics》2022,345(10):112984
Let G be a generalized dicyclic group with identity 1. An inverse closed subset S of G?{1} is called minimal if S=G and there exists some sS such that S?{s,s?1}G. In this paper, we characterize distance-regular Cayley graphs Cay(G,S) of G under the condition that S is minimal.  相似文献   
7.
Photoelectrochemical(PEC)technique represents a promising approach to chemical transformation by harvesting sustainable solar energy.Despite the wide applications of PEC systems such as environmental remediation and solar energy conversion,the reported PEC reactions are dominated by the radical-based processes that are initiated by the single electron transfer between photo-induced carriers and adsorbed species on photoelectrode surface[1,2].For instance,hydroxyl radicals are often involved in the PEC oxidation reactions.As well known,it is a grand challenge to control the formation and evolution rates of radicals,which inevitably leads to the unsatisfactory product selectivity of PEC reactions.Naturally,such a circumstance brings about a question to the research community whether a different mechanism can be established to sustain efficient and selective oxygenation.Recently,based on their previous findings on PEC water oxidation[3,4],Zhao and coworkers[5]reported that many substrates can be oxidized in an oxygen atom transfer(OAT)pathway,a non-radical two electron process,to oxygenated products byα-Fe2O3 photoanodes.  相似文献   
8.
9.
Considering the random impulses of mechanical noise and the limitations involved while identifying mechanical fault impulse signals via traditional measurement indices of signal-to-noise ratio, which require the characteristic frequency to be known in advance, this study proposes an adaptive unsaturated stochastic resonance method employing maximum cross-correlated kurtosis as the signal detection index. The proposed method combines the features of a cross-correlated coefficient to indicate periodic fault transients and those of spectrum kurtosis to locate these transients in the frequency domain. Actual vibration signals collected from motor and gear bearings subjected to heavy noise are used to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed method. Through a coarse tree-based machine learning method, the proposed method is verified to be more suitable for explaining the periodic impulse components of bearing signals, as compared to the ensemble empirical mode decomposition denoising method and unsaturated stochastic resonance using the kurtosis-intercorrelation index.  相似文献   
10.
《中国物理 B》2021,30(7):74204-074204
We investigate the influence of the birefringence on the high-order harmonics in an a-cut Zn O crystal with midinfrared laser pulses. The high harmonics exhibit strong dependence on the alignment of the crystal with respect to the laser polarization. We introduce the Jones calculus to counteract the birefringent effect and obtain the harmonics with polarization corrections in Zn O. We show that the birefringent effect plays an important role in the orientation dependence of HHG.  相似文献   
设为首页 | 免责声明 | 关于勤云 | 加入收藏

Copyright©北京勤云科技发展有限公司  京ICP备09084417号