首页 | 本学科首页   官方微博 | 高级检索  
文章检索
  按 检索   检索词:      
出版年份:   被引次数:   他引次数: 提示:输入*表示无穷大
  收费全文   294篇
  免费   8篇
  国内免费   2篇
化学   177篇
力学   6篇
数学   94篇
物理学   27篇
  2023年   1篇
  2022年   3篇
  2021年   5篇
  2020年   4篇
  2019年   2篇
  2018年   2篇
  2017年   3篇
  2016年   4篇
  2015年   6篇
  2014年   17篇
  2013年   46篇
  2012年   15篇
  2011年   14篇
  2010年   12篇
  2009年   14篇
  2008年   11篇
  2007年   23篇
  2006年   14篇
  2005年   10篇
  2004年   7篇
  2003年   6篇
  2002年   6篇
  2001年   9篇
  2000年   7篇
  1999年   4篇
  1997年   2篇
  1996年   5篇
  1995年   1篇
  1994年   1篇
  1993年   1篇
  1992年   1篇
  1991年   4篇
  1990年   7篇
  1988年   3篇
  1987年   2篇
  1985年   1篇
  1984年   1篇
  1983年   4篇
  1982年   3篇
  1981年   1篇
  1980年   4篇
  1979年   2篇
  1978年   4篇
  1977年   4篇
  1976年   1篇
  1975年   2篇
  1974年   1篇
  1973年   2篇
  1968年   1篇
  1965年   1篇
排序方式: 共有304条查询结果,搜索用时 390 毫秒
1.
A mixed phosphonium-iodonium ylide, phenyliodoniumethoxycarbonylmethylenetriphenylphosphorane borofluoride, was synthesized. Its structure was established by means of X-ray diffraction analysis. Temperature dependence of 1H, 13C, and 31P spectra of the ylide synthesized was investigated. A dynamic equilibrium between Z and E-isomers was observed.  相似文献   
2.
3.
Griffiths' quantum trajectories formalism is extended to describe weak decoherence. The decoherence conditions are shown to severely limit the complexity of histories composed of fine-grained events.  相似文献   
4.
Organosulfonyloxy derivatives of 1,2-benziodoxol-3(1H)-one (3a-c) and 3,3-bis(trifluoromethyl)-3(1H)-1,2-benziodoxole (5a-c) can be prepared in high yield by the reaction of 1-hydroxybenziodoxoles 1 or 4 and the corresponding sulfonic acids or Me(3)SiOTf in the form of stable, but moderately hygroscopic, microcrystalline solids. Reaction of the triflate derivatives 3a and 5a with alkynyltrimethylsilanes affords either alkynyliodonium triflates 6, or (E)-beta-(trifluoromethanesulfonyloxy)alkenyliodonium triflates 7, while the same reaction in the presence of pyridine selectively gives the respective 1-alkynylbenziodoxoles 8 and 9 in 82-90% yield.  相似文献   
5.
6.
The preparation and chemistry of novel phosphoranyl-derived lambda(3)-iodanes is reported. The phosphoranyl-derived phenyliodonium sulfonates were prepared in good yields by the reaction of stabilized phosphonium ylides [1-triphenylphosphoranylidene-2-propanone, methyl(triphenylphosphoranylidene)acetate, (triphenylphosphoranylidene)acetaldehyde, and (triphenylphosphoranylidene)acetonitrile] with the pyridinium complex of iodobenzene ditriflate or with [hydroxy(tosyloxy)iodo]benzene under mild conditions. These compounds represent a potentially useful class of reagents that combine in one molecule synthetic advantages of a phosphonium ylide and an iodonium salt. Specifically, phosphorane-derived phenyliodonium tosylates can react with soft nucleophiles, such as iodide, bromide, benzenesulfinate, and thiophenolate anions, with a selective formation of the respective alpha-functionalized phosphonium ylides, which can be further converted to alkenes by the Wittig reaction with benzaldehyde. The phosphoranyl-derived benziodoxoles can be prepared by the reaction of 1-acetoxybenziodoxole with stabilized phosphonium ylides. An unusual ligand exchange on the iodine(III) center resulting in the substitution of a carbon ligand with an oxygen ligand was observed in the reaction of these compounds with strong acids.  相似文献   
7.
1-[Hydroxy(sulfonyloxy)iodo]-1H,1H-perfluoroalkanes 3 [R(f)CH(2)I(OH)OSO(2)R; R = CH(3), CF(3), p-CH(3)C(6)H(4), R(f) = CF(3), C(2)F(5)] can be prepared in two steps from the appropriate iodofluoroalkanes by oxidation with peroxytrifluoroacetic acid and subsequent reaction with TsOH, MsOH, or Me(3)SiOTf. The tosylate derivative 3a reacts with silyl enol ethers under mild conditions to give the respective alpha-(tosyloxy) ketones. A similar reaction of cyclohexene furnishes cis-1,2-bis(tosyloxy)cyclohexane as the major product. Triflates 3c,f react with (trimethylsilyl)arenes under mild conditions to afford the respective (fluoroalkyl) (aryl)iodonium triflates 7, while the analogous reaction with alkynyltrimethylsilanes leads to novel (fluoroalkyl)(alkynyl)iodonium salts 8.  相似文献   
8.
9.
Tryptanthrin is a natural product with numerous important pharmacological properties. Tryptanthrin and its analogs are commonly prepared by condensation of isatoic anhydride and isatin. In this Letter we investigate the formation of tryptanthrin derivatives upon Oxone-induced oxidative dimerization of indole-3-carbaldehydes.  相似文献   
10.
Naturally fractured reservoirs contain about 25–30% of the world supply of oil. In these reservoirs, fractures are the dominant flow path. Therefore, a good understanding of transfer parameters such as relative permeability as well as flow regimes occurring in a fracture plays an important role in developing and improving oil production from such complex systems. However, in contrast with gas–liquid flow in a single fracture, the flow of heavy oil and water has received less attention. In this research, a Hele-Shaw apparatus was built to study the flow of water in presence of heavy oil and display different flow patterns under different flow rates and analyze the effect of fracture orientations on relative permeability curves as well as flow regimes. The phase flow rates versus phase saturation results were converted to experimental relative permeability curves. The results of the experiments demonstrate that, depending on fracture and flow orientation, there could be a significant interference between the phases flowing through the fracture. The results also reveal that both phases can flow in both continuous and discontinuous forms. The relative permeability curves show that the oil–water relative permeability not only depends on fluid saturations and flow patterns but also fracture orientation.  相似文献   
设为首页 | 免责声明 | 关于勤云 | 加入收藏

Copyright©北京勤云科技发展有限公司  京ICP备09084417号