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Benson真有效意义下集值优化的广义最优性条件   总被引:12,自引:0,他引:12  
盛宝怀  刘三阳 《数学学报》2003,46(3):611-620
本文引入了关于集值映射的α-阶Clarke切导数、α-阶邻接切导数及α-阶 伴随切导数的概念,借此建立了约束向量集值优化Benson真有效解导数型的Kuhn- Tucker条件.  相似文献   
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林海  韩亮  王文  霍锦华 《合成化学》2019,27(8):648-652
以丙烯酸(AA)、丙烯酰胺(AM)、2-丙烯酰胺基-2-甲基丙磺酸(AMPS)为原料,蒙脱土(MMT)为改性剂,过硫酸钾和无水亚硫酸氢钠为氧化还原引发体系,六亚甲基四胺(C6H12N4)为交联剂,采用水溶液聚合法合成了一种新型高吸水聚合物凝胶型屏蔽暂堵剂(MTC 1),其结构经IR表征。在最优合成条件(AM/AMPS/AA=11/7/1, m/m/m,引发剂加量0.6 wt%,于45 ℃反应2.5 h)下,MTC-1的最大吸水倍率为1006倍。岩心流动实验结果表明:MTC-1的堵水性能较高,封堵效率达到83.72%。  相似文献   
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It is of a great challenge to develop semiconductor photocatalysts with potential possibilities to simultaneously enhance photocatalytic efficiency and inhibit generation of toxic intermediates.In this study,we developed a facile method to induce the La doping and cationic vacancie(V(Zn))on ZnO for the highly efficient complete NO oxidation.The photocatalytic NO removal efficiency increases from 36.2%to 53,6%.Most importantly,a significant suppressed NO2 production also has been realized.According to the DFT calculations,ESR spectra and in situ FTIR spectra,the introduction of La^3+induce the redistribution of charge carriers in La-ZnO,which promote the production of·O2^- and lead to the formation of V(Zn)for the formation of·OH,contributing to the complete oxidation of NO to nitrate.Besides,the conversion pathway of photocatalytic NO oxidation has been elaborated,This work paves a new way to simultaneously realize the photocatalytic pollutants removal and the inhibition of toxic intermediates generation for efficient and safe air purification.  相似文献   
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《Fluid Phase Equilibria》2005,227(2):225-238
Vapor–liquid interfacial tensions of miscible mixtures have been predicted by applying the gradient theory to an improved Peng–Robinson equation of state. The modified Huron–Vidal mixing rule model has been considered for fitting vapor–liquid equilibrium data of miscible polar and non-polar mixtures and, then, for predicting the interfacial tension of these mixtures. According to results, an accurate and globally stable fitting of the vapor–liquid equilibrium data results on a physically coherent prediction of interfacial tensions in the full concentration range. In addition, we present a criteria based on the geometry of the grand potential function along the interface for assessing the predictive value of the GT. Calculations for subcritical binary mixtures are presented and compared to experimental data and the Parachor method for demonstrating the potential of the unified approach suggested in this work.  相似文献   
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表面活性剂对纤维素接枝共聚物溶液粘度性质的影响   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
研究了阴离子十二烷基硫酸钠(SDS)、阳离子十六烷基三甲基溴化铵(CTAB)和非离子聚乙二醇辛基苯基醚(OP)等三种不同类型的表面活性剂对疏水化水溶性两性纤维素接枝共聚物(CGAO)溶液粘度性质的影响.结果表明,在SDS和OP的临界胶束浓度(cmc)附近,CGAO溶液粘度最大,SDS引起CGAO粘度的变化大于OP;即使在CTAB的cmc附近,随着CTAB浓度的增加,CGAO的粘度一直呈下降趋势;非疏水改性的纤维素接枝共聚物的溶液粘度随SDS或CTAB浓度的增加而下降,但几乎不随OP浓度的增大而变化.此外,通过凝胶渗透色谱法测得的保留时间证实了SDS、CTAB和OP与CGAO之间的疏水缔合作用.  相似文献   
7.
李治衡  董平华  岳明  刘欢 《合成化学》2019,27(10):788-792
以顺丁烯二酸酐及二乙醇胺为原料,采用“一步熔融法”合成了端羟基超支化聚酯酰胺(HBP-OH);以环氧氯丙烷改性HBP-OH制得端基为氯甲基的超支化聚酯酰胺(HBP-ECH);以三乙胺改性HBP-ECH制得端基为季铵基的超支化聚酯酰胺(HBP-L),其结构经IR表征。研究了HBP-L的静态防膨率、耐水洗能力及对岩心的渗透伤害率。结果表明:HBP-L加量为1 wt%时,粘土防膨率为90.36%;经10次水洗后,其防膨率仍超过85%;模拟地层温度为45 ℃时,HBP-L对岩心的渗透伤害率仅3.86%。采用XRD和Zeta电位法分析了HBP-L对粘土水化膨胀及运移分散的抑制机理。结果表明:经1 wt%HBP-L处理的粘土,其晶层间距为6.91 nm,较去离子水处理层间距(4.71 nm)小;粘土表面的zeta电位由-39.2 mV升高至-19.6 mV。  相似文献   
8.
The propagation of rough and smooth wall pre-existing turbulent fluid fractures is investigated. The laminar fluid fracture is included as a special case for comparison. Lubrication theory is assumed to apply in the fracture and turbulence is introduced through the wall shear stress. The Perkins–Kern–Nordgren approximation is made in which the fluid pressure is proportional to the half-width of the fracture. The fracture half-width satisfies a non-linear diffusion equation. By using a linear combination of the Lie point symmetries of the non-linear diffusion equation a group invariant solution for the fracture length, volume and half-width is derived. The evolution of the length, half-width and mean flow velocity is analysed for a range of working conditions at the fracture entry. It is found that the mean flow velocity increases approximately linearly along the fracture.  相似文献   
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In oil and gas fields, the repairing force (bit weight) is generally determined by experience when the deformed casing is repaired using the spinning casing swage. However, unreasonable repairing force easily damages the cement sheath around the deformed casing and causes pipe sticking, which results in failure of the wellbore integrity. Hence, based on the Hertz contact theory, the present study established a mechanical model to calculate the repairing force required to repair the deformed casing without a cement sheath by spinning casing swage, and the reshaping force was determined by combining the structural features of the spinning casing swage with the method of mechanics and kinetics analysis regarding axial loading and circumferential deformation of the deformed casing. Finally, a mechanical model was presented that could calculate the repairing force of the deformation casing with cement sheath using the inversion method. Repairing experiments involving three types of deformed casings (casing without cement sheath, casing with undamaged cement sheath and casing with damaged cement sheath) were performed, from which the accuracy and reliability of the mechanical model was validated. The damage behaviour of the cement sheath after casing repair was investigated based on the experimental results and the damage mechanism was analysed based on Saint-Venant's deformation compatibility principle. Analysis results showed that three types of damage, including micro-annulus, transverse fracture and longitudinal fracture, were caused by high contact pressure between the steel ball on the spinning casing swage and the internal wall of the deformed casing and pressure fluctuation during repairing. The research results provide important guidance and decision making for practical repairing measures.  相似文献   
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