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It is of a great challenge to develop semiconductor photocatalysts with potential possibilities to simultaneously enhance photocatalytic efficiency and inhibit generation of toxic intermediates.In this study,we developed a facile method to induce the La doping and cationic vacancie(V(Zn))on ZnO for the highly efficient complete NO oxidation.The photocatalytic NO removal efficiency increases from 36.2%to 53,6%.Most importantly,a significant suppressed NO2 production also has been realized.According to the DFT calculations,ESR spectra and in situ FTIR spectra,the introduction of La^3+induce the redistribution of charge carriers in La-ZnO,which promote the production of·O2^- and lead to the formation of V(Zn)for the formation of·OH,contributing to the complete oxidation of NO to nitrate.Besides,the conversion pathway of photocatalytic NO oxidation has been elaborated,This work paves a new way to simultaneously realize the photocatalytic pollutants removal and the inhibition of toxic intermediates generation for efficient and safe air purification.  相似文献   
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《Fluid Phase Equilibria》2005,227(2):225-238
Vapor–liquid interfacial tensions of miscible mixtures have been predicted by applying the gradient theory to an improved Peng–Robinson equation of state. The modified Huron–Vidal mixing rule model has been considered for fitting vapor–liquid equilibrium data of miscible polar and non-polar mixtures and, then, for predicting the interfacial tension of these mixtures. According to results, an accurate and globally stable fitting of the vapor–liquid equilibrium data results on a physically coherent prediction of interfacial tensions in the full concentration range. In addition, we present a criteria based on the geometry of the grand potential function along the interface for assessing the predictive value of the GT. Calculations for subcritical binary mixtures are presented and compared to experimental data and the Parachor method for demonstrating the potential of the unified approach suggested in this work.  相似文献   
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The gold nanoprisms (GNPs) have exhibited special plasmonic properties for biomedical applications because of their unique shapes and dimensions. Based on their optical performance, the NIR dye IR780 not only enabled the GNPs-based nanosystem as SERRS nanoparticles for Raman-encoded molecular imaging, but also enhanced the plasmonic photothermal property by laser irradiation. Meanwhile, the GNPs/IR780-Lyp-1 by introduction of tumor-homing peptide segment LyP-1, which presents high affinity to p32 protein, demonstrated the increased enrichment in tumor region and enhanced photothermal therapy efficacy.  相似文献   
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In oil and gas fields, the repairing force (bit weight) is generally determined by experience when the deformed casing is repaired using the spinning casing swage. However, unreasonable repairing force easily damages the cement sheath around the deformed casing and causes pipe sticking, which results in failure of the wellbore integrity. Hence, based on the Hertz contact theory, the present study established a mechanical model to calculate the repairing force required to repair the deformed casing without a cement sheath by spinning casing swage, and the reshaping force was determined by combining the structural features of the spinning casing swage with the method of mechanics and kinetics analysis regarding axial loading and circumferential deformation of the deformed casing. Finally, a mechanical model was presented that could calculate the repairing force of the deformation casing with cement sheath using the inversion method. Repairing experiments involving three types of deformed casings (casing without cement sheath, casing with undamaged cement sheath and casing with damaged cement sheath) were performed, from which the accuracy and reliability of the mechanical model was validated. The damage behaviour of the cement sheath after casing repair was investigated based on the experimental results and the damage mechanism was analysed based on Saint-Venant's deformation compatibility principle. Analysis results showed that three types of damage, including micro-annulus, transverse fracture and longitudinal fracture, were caused by high contact pressure between the steel ball on the spinning casing swage and the internal wall of the deformed casing and pressure fluctuation during repairing. The research results provide important guidance and decision making for practical repairing measures.  相似文献   
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The Continuous Miner machines are exposed to time dependent loads during normal operation of the rock cutting process. These loads cause vibrations, which have a negative influence on the whole structure of the machine. This phenomenon can be eliminated by applying passive or active vibration control systems (VCS). Generally these systems are coupled with additional elements, which provide dispersion or transfer energy. The energy thus acquired can also reinforce the intended function such as rock cutting operation in the case of mining machines. The objective of this paper is to present the method of numerical identification of VCS parameters for Continuous Miner machines. The main function of the presented system is to reduce displacement of cutting drum by using elastic element joined to machine chassis and applying appropriate algorithm of control of the angular velocity of cutting drum. The method described improves efficiency of mining and increases durability of machine. In order to determine mechanical and control parameters of VCS the genetic algorithm optimisation method conjugated with numerical modal analysis was used. Finally the transient dynamic analysis was performed for the full-scale model of Continuous Miner in order to verify VCS in normal working condition.  相似文献   
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Raman experiments of aluminum chloride and formamide (FA) solutions in different compositions and temperatures were carried out. Spectral changes provoked by the increase of the salt concentration were observed in different regions. The νCO and νCN modes of FA upon complexation were upshifted and suggest that the CONH hybrid (II) is stabilized by Al(III). Bands at 547 and 295 cm−1, which are assigned to the νAlO and νAlN vibrations, respectively, evidence coordination through both O and N atoms of FA. The quantitative analysis performed at the carbonyl stretching region found 5 FA molecules around this cation, resulting in the formation of the [Al(FA)5]Cl3 complex. Its stability is maintained by whole studied concentration range and up to around 100 °C. At higher temperatures, distortions in the FA shell begin occurring and a new component at 356 cm−1 is then observed and assigned to the [AlCl4] complex.  相似文献   
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Semi-diluted Xanthan solution has been widely used in various fields, especially in enhancing oil recovery. The oscillatory shear and flow shear behaviors of Xanthan are important to oil flooding. The oscillatory shear relates to molecular motions, while flow shear reflects flowing characterization. In oscillatory shear mode, the storage modulus, loss modulus and tanδ has been measured. Calculating relaxation spectra through storage modulus, we found that the peak of segments’ relaxation heads to smaller relaxation time side. Also, the quantity of relaxation units increases as concentration increases. However, the relaxation time spectra are less affected by salinity. In flow shear mode, the relationship between shear rate and viscosity has been investigated. As concentration or salinity increases, the pseudoplastic of Xanthan solutions becomes more obvious. Furthermore, primary normal stress differences of Xanthan semi-diluted solutions lightly increase at first then sharply decrease as shear rate increases. This abnormal phenomenon may refer to wall slip.  相似文献   
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A novel activators regenerated by electron transfer (ARGET) atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) initiation system composing of an initiator sodium chloroacetate, a catalyst ferric chloride, and a reducing agent ascorbic acid was developed to improve the gelation time of the in situ crosslinked polymer system. The kinetics of polymerization of acrylamide showed features of a living/controlled process in which the concentrations of the growing radicals [P·] are kept constant throughout the polymerization process. Compared with conventional potassium persulfate initiators, the gelation time of the in situ crosslinked polymer system can be improved to 40 h or even longer using the ARGET ATRP initiation system at 80 °C due to the low radical concentration and slow polymerization reaction. Core flooding test showed that the ARGET ATRP initiating system developed could initiate the polymerization reaction of the in situ crosslinked polymer system in the core. However, the gelation time was extended in comparison to that of the result obtained in the bottle, resulting from the dilution and adsorption of ARGET ATRP components during the injection process. The research expands the application field of the ARGET ATRP principle and has a promising prospect on controlling the gelation time of the in situ crosslinked polymer system. © 2020 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Polym. Sci. 2020 , 58, 519–527  相似文献   
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