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1.
Finding a seed set to propagate more information within a specific budget is defined as the influence maximization (IM) problem. The traditional IM model contains two cardinal aspects: (i) the influence propagation model and (ii) effective/efficient seed-seeking algorithms. However, most of models only consider one kind of node (i.e., influential nodes), ignoring the role of other nodes (e.g., boosting nodes) in the spreading process, which are irrational. Specifically, in the real-world propagation scenario, the boosting nodes always improve the spread of influence from the initial activated seeds, which is an efficient and cost-economic measure. In this paper, we consider the realistic budgeted influence maximization (RBIM) problem, which contains two kind of nodes to improve the diffusion of influence. Facing the newly modified objective function, we propose a novel B-degree discount algorithm to solve it. The novel B-degree discount algorithm which adopts the cost-economic boosting nodes to retweet the influence from the predecessor nodes can greatly reduce the cost, and performs better than other state-of-the-art algorithms in both effect and efficiency on RBIM problem solving.  相似文献   
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徐峰  万晓龙  王军锋  康经武 《色谱》2016,34(1):57-61
建立了4个单手性和3个双手性(含有手性中心和面手性)的二茂铁衍生物在Chiralpak IC(纤维素-三(3,5-二氯苯基氨基甲酸酯))和Chiralpak IE3(直链淀粉-三(3,5-二氯苯基氨基甲酸酯))手性固定相上的高效液相色谱分离方法。4个单手性二茂铁衍生物中有3个可以在Chiralpak IE3固定相上实现基线分离,另外1个则在Chiralpak IC手性固定相上实现基线分离。3个双手性二茂铁衍生物可在Chiralpak IC手性固定相上实现基线分离。研究表明,这两种手性固定相对二茂铁衍生物具有较好的手性识别作用,并且具有互补作用。这一研究结果可为手性二茂铁化合物的分离提供借鉴和参考。  相似文献   
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A new Co(II)-based complex { [Co2(L)(4,4'-Bipy)2] · CH3CN} n (I) (H4L = 5,5'-(biphenyl-4,4'- diyl-bis(methylene))bis(oxy)diisophthalic acid, 4,4'-Bipy = 4,4'-bipyridine) has been synthesized and structurally characterized. Single-crystal X-ray analysis (CIF file CCDC no. 1406388) reveals that compound I has 3D pcu topology. The incorporation of the drug 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) into the desolvated I was around 15.0 wt % of dehydrated I. Complex I also shows a pH-triggered controlled drug release property. In addition, we used semiempirical AM1 method to investigate the adsorption of 5-FU to I at the molecular level.  相似文献   
5.
王强  郭立新 《物理学报》2017,66(18):180301-180301
采用时域积分方程(TDIE)与时域基尔霍夫近似(TDKA)的混合算法研究粗糙海面与舰船目标的复合瞬态电磁散射.该方法将舰船目标及其近邻海面划分为TDIE区域,用TDIE方法精确求解;将剩余电大尺寸的粗糙海面划分为TDKA区域,采用高效的TDKA电流近似求解.通过混合算法和传统TDIE算法结果的对比,表明TDIE-TDKA混合算法能保证计算的精度,同时具有较高的计算效率.最后,讨论了海面上方有无目标、海面上方风速、电磁脉冲入射角、舰船目标尺寸、吃水深度对后向散射磁场的影响.  相似文献   
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A new MOF of [Co(HCOO)2] · 0.33DMF (I) was prepared and characterized by IR, powder X-ray diffraction, and single-crystal X-ray diffraction (CIF file CCDC no. 1571166). Complex I exhibits a diamond framework based on Co-centered CoCo4 tetrahedral nodes, in which all metal ions have octahedral coordination geometry and all HCOO groups link the metal ions in syn-syn/anti modes. The magnetic property shows a main antiferromagnetic interaction and the ferromagnetic phase transition below 2 K. Furthermore, the photocatalytic properties of I for degradation of the methyl violet and Rhodamine B have been explored.  相似文献   
8.
采用IR、XRD、SEM、摄相等技术详细研究了以碳酸钠和硫酸铜为反应原料,2者的物质的量之比、反应温度、溶液pH、原料滴加顺序和滴加速度等参数对碱式碳酸铜(Cu2(OH)2CO3)形成过程的影响。结果表明,当 Na2CO3与CuSO4的物质的量之比为1.2~1.4、温度328~353 K、以CuSO4滴入Na2CO3溶液(正滴,滴速2.0 mL/min)时可以得到浅绿色Cu2(OH)2CO3,反应体系的最终pH为8.90~9.15。反应过程中溶液pH的控制、原料滴加顺序及滴加速度对生成产品物相有重要的影响。当溶液pH控制为7时可以得到Cu2(OH)2CO3。当溶液控制pH为8~9时得不到Cu2(OH)2CO3。在与正滴顺序相反的情况下,即将Na2CO3滴入CuSO4溶液、滴速为2.0 mL/min得不到Cu2(OH)2CO3,但当Na2CO3滴加速度降为0.5 mL/min可得到纯相Cu2(OH)2CO3。  相似文献   
9.
Highly efficient inorganic phosphors are crucial for solid-state lighting. In this paper, a new method of low-temperature self-reduction was used for preparing a highly efficient deep blue-emitting phosphor of Ca[B8O11(OH)4] : Eu2+ (CBH : Eu2+). The crystal structure, morphology, chemical state, and photoluminescence (PL) properties of the CBH : Eu2+ phosphor have been investigated. By using the screened hybrid function (HSE06), the band gap (Eg) of CBH was calculated to be 7.48 eV, which is a necessary condition for achieving high quantum yield phosphors. The experiment results show that almost all the added raw materials of Eu3+ can be reduced to Eu2+ in CBH crystal under a non-reducing atmosphere. The CBH : Eu2+ phosphor shows a broad excitation spectrum centered at 277 and 327 nm in the range of 220 to 400 nm, and a narrow-band emission spectrum centered at 428 nm in the range of 400 to 500 nm, with a full width at half maximum (fwhm) of 42.35 nm. Under UV radiation, the CBH : 2 %Eu2+ exhibits high photoluminescence quantum yield (PLQY=95.0 %), high external quantum efficiency (EQE=31.1 %), and ultra-high color purity (97.6 %). The PL intensity of CBH : 2 %Eu2+ remains 62.6 % of the initial intensity at 150 °C. Finally, the white light-emitting diodes (WLED) fabricated by CBH : 2 %Eu2+, excited by a 365 nm chip, presents outstanding performances with a luminous efficacy (LE) of 13.9 lm/W, a color rendering index (CRI) of 89.4, and a correlated color temperature (CCT) of 5825 K. The above results show that CBH : Eu2+ can be used as a promising blue phosphor for WLED. This new method of low-temperature self-reduction can be applied to design and prepare other new types of highly efficient phosphors.  相似文献   
10.
将背景空间及其中存在的离散粒子作为一种连续的电介质,得出了背景空间中离散粒子存在时混合体的等效介电常量模型.利用该模型和国际电讯联盟给出的雨衰减测量数据,确定了GHz波段雨介质的等效介电常量并验证了其有效性.得出了雨环境中目标复合散射场的解析式,对雨环境中球形目标的复合微分散射进行了仿真与分析,进而研究了降雨率、电磁波频率及极化状态等因素对复合微分散射的影响.计算表明:降雨对微分散射的影响在10-3分贝上,电磁波垂直极化时降雨的影响大于其水平极化时的影响.研究结果对精确制导和目标识别等有一定的参考意义.  相似文献   
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