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1.
By Hückel molecular orbital (HMO) theory, the calculation of the total energy of all π-electrons in conjugated hydrocarbons can be reduced to that of E(G)=|λ1|+|λ2|+?+|λn|, where λi are the eigenvalues of the corresponding graph G. Denote by Ψn the set of all fully-angular polyhex chains with n hexagons. In this paper, we show that Hn has the minimum total π-electron energy among chains in Ψn, where Hn is the helicene chain.  相似文献   
2.
根据氯离子型层状复合氢氧化物(LDH-Cl)制备过程中溶液浓度变化的监测结果和不同反应进程时产物的EDS、IR、XRD、TEM、TG-DTA表征结果,研究了合成LDH-Cl的共沉淀反应动力学特征及机理.实验结果表明, LDH-Cl的生成符合多核层表面反应动力学模型;反应过程中LDH的晶胞参数c从2.421 nm变为2.399 nm,通道高度h由0.3321 nm减小为0.3228 nm,粒子直径Da由6.40 nm增大为15.16 nm, Dc由7.43 nm增大到10.93 nm,纵横比由0.86增大为1.39; IR和TG-DTA特征变化表明了层板对阴离子作用的强度和层板的结构稳定性随反应进程而提高.  相似文献   
3.
The thermal behavior of synthetic schoenite (K2SO4·MgSO4·6H2)) during heating has been studied by thermal methods. The temperatures of dehydration and decomposition of schoenite have also been determined by DTA, TG and DSC. The thermal reaction equations and the X-ray power diffraction results of the products have been given and the corresponding kinetic parameters have also been obtained.  相似文献   
4.
The total energy of all π-electrons in a conjugated hydrocarbon (within the framework of HMO approximation) is the sum of the absolute value of all the eigenvalues of its corresponding graph. In this paper, we consider “double hexagonal chains” as benzenoids constructed by successive fusions of successive naphthalenes along a zig–zag sequence of triples of edges as appear on opposite sides of each naphthalene unit. It is shown that if the fusions are such as to give a polyaceacene then the total π-electron energy is the minimum from among all the double hexagonal chains with the same number of naphthalene units.   相似文献   
5.
A rapid, selective method that utilize 4-(2-Pyridylazo)-resorcinol (PAR)-modified nanometer SiO2 (nanometer SiO2–PAR) as a new solid-phase extractant for preconcentration of trace mercury (II) has been developed. The adsorption property of nanometer SiO2–PAR for metal ions was studied by selectively extracting different metal ions from aqueous solutions. The results revealed an excellent affinity of the nanometer SiO2–PAR for mercury (II) in presence of interfering metal ions at pH 4. The main parameters of solid-phase extraction such as shaking time, elution and sample dilution effect were studied. The extractant shows rapid kinetic sorption, and the adsorption equilibrium of mercury (II) on nanometer SiO2–PAR was achieved in less than 2 min. The adsorbed mercury (II) was easily eluted by 4 mL of 6 mol L−1 HCl. The maximum preconcentration factor was 50. The maximum static adsorption capacity was 276 μmol g−1 at pH 4. The detection limit (3σ) was 0.43 μg L−1 for cold vapor atomic absorption spectrometry (CVAAS), and the relative standard deviation of the eight replicate determinations was 2.4% for the determination of 2.0 μg of Hg(II) in 100 mL water sample. The method was applied to the determination of trace mercury (II) in sample solutions with satisfactory results.  相似文献   
6.
锂离子二次电池电解质材料LiPF6的制备及表征   总被引:3,自引:0,他引:3  
0引言 液态锂离子电池自1990年开发成功以来,由于具有比能量高、工作电压高、应用温度范围宽、自放电率低、循环寿命长、无污染、安全性能好等许多独特的优势[1],所以其发展前景十分广阔.目前液态锂离子二次电池中开发使用的无机阴离子导电盐主要有LiClO4、LiPF6、LiAsF6等,但LiClO4为强氧化剂,使用不安全而不宜用于电池,LiAsF6虽然性能颇佳,但有毒且价格较贵,故也不宜广泛使用.LiPF6被认为是目前较合适的电解质[1],但其制备困难,价格较贵,且目前报道的合成方法也多是以HF为介质[2~5].本文作者以PF5和LiF为原料在CH3CN溶剂中简单有效地合成了高纯LiPF6,并通过在手套箱中制样的方法对目标产物进行了红外、热重和X射线衍射分析,给出了LiPF6的红外光谱图、热重分析数据和X射线衍射图.  相似文献   
7.
A new Fe(III)-imprinted amino-functionalized silica gel sorbent was prepared by a surface imprinting technique for selective solid-phase extraction (SPE) of Fe(III) prior to its determination by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry (ICP-AES). Compared with non-imprinted polymer particles, the ion-imprinted polymers (IIPs) had higher selectivity and adsorption capacity for Fe(III). The maximum static adsorption capacity of the ion-imprinted and non-imprinted sorbent for Fe(III) was 25.21 and 5.10 mg g−1, respectively. The largest selectivity coefficient of the Fe(III)-imprinted sorbent for Fe(III) in the presence of Cr(III) was over 450. The relatively selective factor (αr) values of Fe(III)/Cr(III) were 49.9 and 42.4, which were greater than 1. The distribution ratio (D) values of Fe(III)-imprinted polymers for Fe(III) were greatly larger than that for Cr(III). The detection limit (3σ) was 0.34 μg L−1. The relative standard deviation of the method was 1.50% for eight replicate determinations. The method was validated by analyzing two certified reference materials (GBW 08301 and GBW 08303), the results obtained is in good agreement with standard values. The developed method was also successfully applied to the determination of trace iron in plants and water samples with satisfactory results.  相似文献   
8.
研究了Li+,Mg2+/SO42-,B4O72-—H2O四元交互体系25℃时的溶解度和溶液的密度及折光率.四种原始组份未发生脱水作用,体系中也没有复盐或固溶体形成.体系25℃溶解度等温线由五段组成,有四个结晶区,分别对应于四种原始组份,其中以MgB4O7·9H2O的结晶区最大.溶解度等温线上有两个零变量点,其一为MgB4O7·9H2O,MgSO4·7H2O,Li2SO4·H2O三盐共饱点,另一为MgB4O7·9H2O,Li2B4O7·3H2O,Li2SO4·H2O三盐不相称共饱点.  相似文献   
9.
A new method that utilizes p-dimethylaminobenzaldehyde-modified nanometer SiO2 (SiO2-p-DMABD) as a solid phase extractant has been developed for simultaneous preconcentration of trace Cr(III), Cu(II), Fe(III) and Pb(II) prior to the measurement by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry (ICP-AES). The preconcentration conditions of analytes were investigated, including the pH value, the shaking time, the mass of sorbent, the sample flow rate and volume, the elution condition and the interfering ions. The adsorption capacity of nanometer SiO2-p-DMABD was found to be (mg g− 1) Cr(III): 6.2, Cu(II): 18.6, Fe(III): 4.7 and Pb(II): 6.0 at pH 4. The adsorbed metals were quantitatively eluted with 4 mL of 1.0 mol L− 1 HCl. According to the definition of IUPAC, the detection limits (3σ) of this method for Cr(III), Cu(II), Fe(III) and Pb(II) were 0.79, 1.27, 0.40 and 1.79 ng mL− 1, respectively. The proposed method achieved satisfied results when it was applied to the determination of trace Cr(III), Cu(II), Fe(III) and Pb(II) in biological and water samples.  相似文献   
10.
杨吉民  姚燕 《化学学报》2007,65(11):1089-1093
用等压法研究了273.15 K下Li2B4O7-LiCl-H2O体系不同质量摩尔浓度分数的等压平衡浓度和水活度; 计算了LiCl和Li2B4O7混合盐溶液的渗透系数等热力学性质. 用273.15 K下的实验数据对Pitzer离子相互作用模型进行了参数化研究, 拟合求取了273.15 K下Pitzer离子相互作用参数, 用获得的参数计算了LiCl和Li2B4O7在Li2B4O7-LiCl-H2O体系中的活度系数. 273.15 K下由相应的Pitzer模型计算的渗透系数值与实验结果一致. 这对完善含锂、硼盐湖卤水体系的热力学模型具有重要意义.  相似文献   
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