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As a new type of quantum dots (QDs), hexagonal boron nitride quantum dots (BNQDs) exhibit promising potential in the applications of disease diagnosis, fluorescence imaging, biosensing, metal ion detection, and so on, because of their remarkable chemical stability, excellent biocompatibility, low cytotoxicity, and outstanding photoluminescence properties. However, the large-scale fabrication of homogeneous BNQDs still remains challenging. In this article, the properties and common fabrication methods of BNQDs are summarized based on the recent research progress. Then, the corresponding yields, morphologies, and fabrication mechanisms of these as-obtained BNQDs are discussed in detail. Moreover, the applications of these as-obtained BNQDs in different fields are also discussed. This article is expected to inspire new methods and improvements to achieve large-scale fabrication of homogeneous BNQDs, which will enable their practical applications in future.  相似文献   
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Considering the importance of damage for the structural performance and for decreasing the identification error, this paper proposes an optimal sensor placement method based on a weighted standard deviation norm (WSDN) index. The standard deviation of the identified damage parameters is solved using the series expansion theory and probabilistic method to quantify the effect of a measurement error on damage identification. The damage estimation weight (DEW) index, which can reflect the importance of each element in the structural capabilities, is established based on a performance-damage curve. A significant DEW for a specified element indicates that the element is important for the structure and that its identification error should be small. The WSDN index is obtained from the Hadamard product of the standard deviations (SDs) and DEWs. Thus, the identification error of the entire structure is measured using the weighting coefficient. The optimal sensor placement (OSP) procedure is performed by minimizing the WSDN index. The proposed method can clearly decrease the uncertainties of the identification results for the important elements. Other OSP criteria, including the condition number, information entropy, and standard deviation norm, which aim to decrease the identification error, are discussed in this paper for comparison with the proposed method. Two numerical examples and an experiment, which pertain to the deformation performance, buckling features, and dynamic characteristics, are discussed to verify the advantages of the proposed method.  相似文献   
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This paper presents a numerical algorithm for solving the inverse coefficient problem for nonlinear parabolic equations. This problem arises in simultaneous determination of the hydraulic properties of unsaturated porous media from a simple outflow experiment. The novel feature of the method is that it is not based on output least squares. In this method, the unknown functions are represented as polygons (continuous and piecewise linear functions) every new linear pieces that are determined in each time step by using information based only on previous time intervals. The results of some numerical experiments are displayed.  相似文献   
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As artificial enzymes, the binding constants of cyclodextrins (CDs) and their substrates are expected to be high1. For this purpose, many kinds of bridged cyclodextrin dimers2 whose two cyclodextrins are linked by various spacers have been constructed. It was of interest to make the dimers, whose binding constants would exceed 108dm3/mol3. Up to date, the bridged cyclodextrin dimers have been extensively studied as enzyme models and as molecular receptors4-6. Recently, we synthesized a brid…  相似文献   
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利用在束γ谱学实验技术, 通过173Yb(19F,4nγ)反应 布居了188Au的高自旋态, 并对其准粒子带结构进行了研究. 基于实验测量结果, 对原有的双奇核188Au能级纲图做了较大的修改. 通过系统性比较, 对15+以上的能级结构进行了讨论.  相似文献   
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Based on the assumption of Gaussian energy distributions of the lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) and the highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO), analytical expressions of generalized Einstein relation in chemically doped organic semiconductor are developed, by approximation of Coulomb traps with a rectangle potential well. Numerical calculations show that traditional Einstein relations do not hold for chemically doped organic semiconductors. Similar to physical doping, the dependence of diffusion coefficient to mobility D/μ ratio on the carrier concentration has a maximum. An essential difference between chemical doping and physical doping is that, the D/μ ratio in chemically doped organic semiconductors depends not only on carrier concentration and doping concentration, but also on the applied electric field. PACS 71.20.Rv; 72.90.+y; 73.50.-h  相似文献   
9.
Molecular dynamics (MD) method is used to investigate the behavior of the pressure-volume-temperature (P-V-T) relationship, lattice constant and thermal expansivity for ZnO with rock-salt structure at high pressures and temperatures. The interionic potential is taken to be the sum of pair-wise additive Coulomb, van der Waals attraction, and repulsive interactions. The isothermal and isobaric properties are discussed from the corresponding P-V-T relationship, and it is shown that the MD simulation is successful in reproducing the measured volumes of ZnO over a wide range of temperature and pressure. Meanwhile, the equations of state parameters including lattice constant, linear thermal expansion coefficient, and isothermal bulk modulus are calculated and compared with the available experimental data and the latest theoretical results. At an extended pressure and temperature range, P-V-T relationship, lattice constant, and linear thermal expansion coefficient have been predicted. The structural and thermodynamic properties of ZnO with rock-salt structure are summarized in the pressure 0-100 GPa ranges and the temperature up to 3100 K.  相似文献   
10.
In this paper, a sufficient condition is established for the controllability of neutral functional integro-differential inclusions with an unbounded delay in Banach spaces. The approach used is a fixed-point theorem for condensing maps due to Martelli and the theory of analytic semigroup of linear operators. Communicated by F. Zirilli Research supported by NNSF of China, by the Teaching and Research Award Program for Outstanding Young Teachers in Higher Education Institutions of the Ministry of Education of China, and by the Qing Lan Talent Engineering Fund QL-05-164 of Lanzhou Jiaotong University. The authors are grateful to Professor F. Zirilli and two anonymous referees for valuable suggestions improving this paper.  相似文献   
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