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1.
以氧化石墨烯(GO)为原料, 利用温和方法制备了3种不同还原程度的部分还原氧化石墨烯pRGO1, pRGO2和pRGO3(pRGO1—3); 利用傅里叶变换红外光谱(FTIR)、 拉曼光谱(Raman)、 X 射线光电子能谱(XPS)、 紫外-可见光谱(UV-Vis)、 透射电子显微镜(TEM)和 EDS能谱对其结构和形貌进行了表征. 细胞实验结果表明, 无激光照射下pRGO1—3本身的细胞毒性较低; 近红外(NIR)激光照射下pRGO1—3通过光热和光毒性双重作用杀伤肿瘤细胞. 实验结果显示了pRGO 在肿瘤光热疗法和光动力疗法领域的应用潜力.  相似文献   
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The biodegradability of phtalic acid esters in marine and freshwater environments was characterized by their binding free energy with corresponding degrading enzymes. According to comprehensive biodegradation effects weights, the binding free energy values were converted into dimensionless efficacy coefficient using ratio normalization method. Then, considering comprehensive dual biodegradation effects value and the structural parameters of PAEs in both marine and freshwater environments, a 3D-QSAR pharmacophore model was constructed, five PAE derivatives (DBP−COOH, DBP−CHO, DBP−OH, DINP−NH2, and DINP−NO2) were screened out based on their environmental friendliness, functionality and stability. The prediction of biodegradation effects on five PAE derivatives by biodegradation models in marine and freshwater environment increased by 15.90 %, 15.84 %, 27.21 %, 12.33 %, and 8.32 %, and 21.57 %, 15.21 %, 20.99 %, 15.10 %, and 9.74 %, respectively. By simulating the photodegradation path of the PAE derivative molecular, it was found that DBP−OH can generate .OH and provides free radicals for the photodegradation of microplastics in the environment.  相似文献   
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We investigate terahertz radiation(T-rays) from a pentacene organic diode at room temperature. The quantum chemistry calculation for frequency-related Huang–Rhys factor of pentacene is also carried out. The results demonstrate that the T-rays can come from a bending vibration of pentacene skeleton after the energy of pentacene exciton transferring to the vibrational excited state via electron–phonon coupling. Frequency and natural bond orbital analytics of pentacene and its derivatives are performed in order to explain the result and develop new materials to get higher emission. This work provides a new way to produce T-rays with a simple device at room temperature.  相似文献   
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Zhengran Wang 《中国物理 B》2022,31(4):48202-048202
Excited-state double proton transfer (ESDPT) in the 1-[(2-hydroxy-3-methoxy-benzylidene)-hydrazonomethyl]-naphthalen-2-ol (HYDRAVH2) ligand was studied by the density functional theory and time-dependent density functional theory method. The analysis of frontier molecular orbitals, infrared spectra, and non-covalent interactions have cross-validated that the asymmetric structure has an influence on the proton transfer, which makes the proton transfer ability of the two hydrogen protons different. The potential energy surfaces in both S0 and S1 states were scanned with varying O-H bond lengths. The results of potential energy surface analysis adequately proved that the HYDRAVH2 can undergo the ESDPT process in the S1 state and the double proton transfer process is a stepwise proton transfer mechanism. Our work can pave the way towards the design and synthesis of new molecules.  相似文献   
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Defects play a central role in controlling the electronic properties of two-dimensional (2D) materials and realizing the industrialization of 2D electronics. However, the evaluation of charged defects in 2D materials within first-principles calculation is very challenging and has triggered a recent development of the WLZ (Wang, Li, Zhang) extrapolation method. This method lays the foundation of the theoretical evaluation of energies of charged defects in 2D materials within the first-principles framework. Herein, the vital role of defects for advancing 2D electronics is discussed, followed by an introduction of the fundamentals of the WLZ extrapolation method. The ionization energies (IEs) obtained by this method for defects in various 2D semiconductors are then reviewed and summarized. Finally, the unique defect physics in 2D dimensions including the dielectric environment effects, defect ionization process, and carrier transport mechanism captured with the WLZ extrapolation method are presented. As an efficient and reasonable evaluation of charged defects in 2D materials for nanoelectronics and other emerging applications, this work can be of benefit to the community.  相似文献   
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Using first principles density functional theory, we predict a monolayer B2Si structure with space group Pmm2 in the present work. This structure is confirmed to be dynamically stable. Based on the plane wave pseudopotential approach, the charge density, electron localization function, density of states, energy band, phonon property and thermal conductivity of Pmm2-B2Si are systematically studied. It is interesting that the sp2 hybridization and coordination bond of Si are found in Pmm2-B2Si, which is the most important factor for its structural stability. The density of states and energy band analysis reveals that Pmm2-B2Si is metallic because of the partial occupied Si 3pz and B 2pz states. Moreover, the acoustic-optical coupling is important for phonon transport in Pmm2-B2Si, and the contribution of optical modes to the lattice thermal conductivity along the [100] and [010] directions is 13% and 12%, respectively. This study gives a fundamental understanding of the structural, electronic and phonon properties in Pmm2-B2Si.  相似文献   
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