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1.
针对传统的DEA模型在评估过程中并未考虑决策者对相关指标权重的偏好,将最优最差方法(BWM)嵌入到传统DEA模型中,基于决策者偏好排序的判断矩阵,构建一种含有偏好的DEA-BWM评价方法。首先在保持传统DEA方法的优势基础上,构建了CCR-BWM评价模型对各DMU进行评价。同时考虑为了便于各决策单元在统一权重基础上相互比较,构建了CSW-BWM公共权重模型。另外考虑决策单元自评和互评,构建了NCE-BWM中立型交叉效率。然后采用min-max方法分别将上述三种多目标评价模型转换为单目标线性规划进行求解。最后,选择一组算例对三种模型的有效性与合理性进行验证。  相似文献   
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本文考虑了带有某种相依重尾冲击的Poisson噪音过程尾的一致渐近性质.当冲击是二元上尾渐近独立的非负随机变量具有长尾和控制变化尾分布且噪音函数具有正的上下界时,得到了过程尾概率的一致渐近公式.进而,当冲击具有连续的一致变化尾分布时,去除了噪音函数具有正的下界的限制.对于噪音函数不一定具有正的上界的情形,当冲击具有两两负象限相依结构时,也得到了一致渐近性结果.  相似文献   
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In this paper, we prove that two-parameter Volterra multifractional process can be approximated in law in the topology of the anisotropic Besov spaces by the family of processes{B_n(s,t)},n∈N defined by B_n(s,t)=∫_0~s ∫_0~tk_(a(s))(s,u)K_(β(t))(t,u)θ_(n(u,v))dudv,here {θ_n(u, v)}n∈N is a family of processes, converging in law to a Brownian sheet as n→∞,based on the well known Donsker's theorem.  相似文献   
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The paper is concerned with the efficiency of hedging stock portfolios using futures stock indices covering the period January 1995–December 2001. The hedged portfolios consisted of the assets of seventeen investment companies quoted on the London Stock Exchange and two portfolios, which were assumed to match exactly the corresponding cash index. Two futures indices were used to hedge the funds namely FTSE100 and FTSE250 futures indices which are quoted on LIFFE. Weekly observations were used providing 365 observations for each variable.The total sample was split into two sections. The first 261 observations were used to estimate the optimal hedge ratio (i.e. the in-sample period) providing 260 returns for each variable and the remaining 104 (i.e. the post-sample period) observations utilised to check the efficiency of the estimated hedge ratio. In addition a second estimation window was tried using the last 30 observations of the in-sample period. A variety of methods were tried to estimate the optimal hedge ratio including ordinary least squares (OLS), methods allowing for the existence of Autoregressive Conditional Heteroskedasticity, and an Exponential Weighted Moving Average (EWMA).The general conclusions reached were that for the portfolios within the data set (i) that the EWMA method of estimation provided the best estimate of the optimal hedge (ii) the shorter estimation window was no more efficient than the longer window and (ii) the FTESE250 futures index was the best hedging vehicle for these portfolios.  相似文献   
6.
This paper presents an exhaustive study of the arrivals process at eight major European airports. Using inbound traffic data, we define, compare, and contrast a data-driven in-homogeneous Poisson and Pre-Scheduled Random Arrivals (PSRA) point process with respect to their ability to predict future demand. As part of this analysis, we show the weaknesses and difficulties of using a non-homogeneous Poisson process to model the arrivals stream. On the other hand, our novel and simple data-driven (PSRA) model captures and predicts the main properties of the typical arrivals stream with good accuracy. These results have important implication for the modeling and simulation-based analyses of inbound traffic and can improve the use of available capacity, thus reducing air traffic delays. In a nutshell, the results lead to the conclusion that, in the European context, the (PSRA) model provides more accurate predictions.  相似文献   
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We are interested in the stochastic modeling of a condition-based maintained system subject to continuous deterioration and maintenance actions such as inspection, partial repair and replacement. The partial repair is assumed dependent on the past in the sense that it cannot bring the system back into a deterioration state better than the one reached at the last repair. Such a past-dependency can affect (i) the selection of a type of maintenance actions, (ii) the maintenance duration, (iii) the deterioration level after a maintenance, and (iv) the restarting system deterioration behavior. In this paper, all these effects are jointly considered in an unifying condition-based maintenance model on the basis of restarting deterioration states randomly sampled from a probability distribution truncated by the deterioration levels just before a current repair and just after the last repair/replacement. Using results from the semi-regenerative theory, the long-run maintenance cost rate is analytically derived. Numerous sensitivity studies illustrate the impacts of past-dependent partial repairs on the economic performance of the considered condition-based maintained system.  相似文献   
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Anomalies in flow shop scheduling are rare; only two anomalies have been reported. We present five new anomalies for the permutation flow shop models with the minimum makespan objective and seven more anomalies for the minimum total flow time objective. These anomalies (including the existing ones) are divided into three types corresponding to an increased processing time of a single operation, the addition of a job and the addition of a machine. We derive two properties which, when satisfied, eliminate the possibility of certain anomalies. We conclude that restrictions such as no-delay schedules, no job waiting or no machine idle time (after it starts processing) often result in anomalies. We also show that anomalies can also occur in non-permutation flow shops (four new anomalies presented).  相似文献   
9.
The contagion credit risk model is used to describe the contagion effect among different financial institutions. Under such a model, the default intensities are driven not only by the common risk factors, but also by the defaults of other considered firms. In this paper, we consider a two-dimensional credit risk model with contagion and regime-switching. We assume that the default intensity of one firm will jump when the other firm defaults and that the intensity is controlled by a Vasicek model with the coefficients allowed to switch in different regimes before the default of other firm. By changing measure, we derive the marginal distributions and the joint distribution for default times. We obtain some closed form results for pricing the fair spreads of the first and the second to default credit default swaps (CDSs). Numerical results are presented to show the impacts of the model parameters on the fair spreads.  相似文献   
10.
We discuss how to measure allocative efficiency without presuming technical efficiency. This is relevant when it is easier to introduce reallocations than improvements of technical efficiency. We compare the approach to the traditional one of assuming technical efficiency before measuring allocative efficiency. In particular, we develop necessary and sufficient conditions in the technology to ensure consistent measures, we suggest alternative interpretations of the approaches, and we relate them to motivational and organizational change perspectives.  相似文献   
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