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1.
《Journal of Electrostatics》2006,64(3-4):176-186
An efficient method is proposed for the computation of the electric field strength and of the space-charge density in configurations of at least three ionising and non-ionising electrodes. The physical model is derived under the assumptions commonly accepted for the study of corona fields. The mathematical model makes use of a conformal mapping that converts the actual boundary-free field zone into a rectangular domain with well-defined boundary conditions. The finite-difference method is then used for solving the differential equations that describe the ionic space-charge and electric field distribution. The computational procedure was employed for studying the simple case of the drift zone of the corona discharge generated between a so-called dual electrode and a grounded plate. The dual electrode consisted of an ionising wire (diameter 0.22 mm) located at 20 mm from a tubular metallic support (diameter 25 mm). The computed current–voltage characteristic and current density distribution at the surface of the collector plate were in good agreement with the experimental data obtained for this combined corona–electrostatics electrode arrangement.  相似文献   
2.
洋葱色素的提取及抗氧化活性的测定   总被引:6,自引:0,他引:6  
分别用芬顿(Fenton)反应法和1,1-二苯-2-苦肼基(DPPH)法测定了洋葱色素的抗氧化作用。结果表明,洋葱色素对羟自由基和DPPH自由基均有一定的清除作用,其清除率大小依次为42.4%,58.2%。洋葱色素是十分具有开发利用价值的天然色素。  相似文献   
3.
Dark formation of hydroxyl radical upon oxidation of reduced iron minerals plays an important role in the degradation and transformation of organic and inorganic pollutants. Herein, we compared the hydroxyl radical formation from various reduced iron minerals at different redox conditions. OH production was generally observed from the oxidation of reduced iron minerals, following the order: mackinawite (FeS) > reduced nontronite (iron-bearing smectite clay) > pyrite (FeS2) > siderite (FeCO3). Structural Fe2+ and dissolved O2 play critical roles in OH production from reduced iron minerals. OH production increases with decreasing pH, and Cl? has little effect on this process. More importantly, dissolved organic matter significantly enhances OH production, especially under O2 purging, highlighting the importance of this process in ambient environments. This sunlight-independent pathway in which OH forms during oxidation of reduced iron minerals is helpful for understanding the degradation and transformation of various inorganic and organic pollutants in the redox-fluctuation environments.  相似文献   
4.
New kind of polymer host for lithium cations has been synthesized by catalyzed hydrosilylation reaction involving hydrogen atoms of a polysiloxane and double bonds of vinyl tris-2-methoxyethoxy silane. The obtained macromolecule can be regarded as siloxane backbone grafted with silicon tripodand elements with very short polyether chains. A family of Li ion conducting polymer electrolyte membranes have been prepared by dissolving LiPF6 in thus obtained polymer matrix. Exceptionally high room temperature specific conductivities, exceeding 10−3 S/cm at 25 °C, have been measured for the studied polymer electrolytes. It is proposed that polyether chains tend to self-assembly in the presence of Li cations and this highly organized arrangement of Li coordination sites creates pathways of high lithium conductivity along the polysiloxane backbones. In addition to that, strong shielding of Li-cations suppresses the formation of ion pairs, thus increasing the charge carrier concentration. The electrolytes can be easily formed into dimensionally stable, flexible membranes.  相似文献   
5.
《Fluid Phase Equilibria》2006,239(2):133-137
Vapour–liquid equilibria at atmospheric pressure have been determined for binary mixtures of 1,2-dibromoethane + 1,2-dichloroethane, +trichloromethane, and +1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane. These have been shown to be thermodynamically consistent.  相似文献   
6.
ABSTRACT

In this work, a new turn-on fluorescent probe 1 for Hg2+ ions detection based on rhodamine B spirolactam was reported. Among tested metal ions, probe 1 shows high selectivity towards Hg2+ in the the mixture solution of methanol and 0.02 M HEPES buffer (V/V = 9:1, pH = 7.2). No absorption and emission band of probe 1 was observed in the range from 450 to 700 nm. While only addition of Hg2+ to probe 1 could lead to appearance of a new absorption band centered at 553 nm and a fluorescence emission band around 577 nm upon excitation at 520 nm. Moreover, it exhibits excellent linear relationship (R2 = 0.9993) between fluorescence intensity at 577 nm and the concentration of Hg2+ from 1.6 to 32 μM. The sensing mechanism was proven to be spirolactam ring open induced by Hg2+ through 1H NMR, MS, absorption and fluorescence spectra. In addition, probe 1 could detect Hg2+ in real water samples and on filter paper, which demonstrates its application in environment science.  相似文献   
7.
An oligonuclear complex based on amino acid derivate had been synthesized and structurally characterized, which exhibits a three-dimensional (3D) supramolecular framework constructed from the mono-cobalt units and helical water chains stabilized in this complex. Additionally, the compound was characterized by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), IR spectroscopy, and elemental analysis.  相似文献   
8.
Cationic emulsions of triblock copolymer particles comprising a poly(n‐butyl acrylate) (PnBA) central block and polystyrene (PS) outer blocks were synthesized by activator generated by electron transfer (AGET) atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP). Difunctional ATRP initiator, ethylene bis(2‐bromoisobutyrate) (EBBiB), was used as initiator to synthesize the ABA type poly(styrene‐bn‐butyl acrylate‐b‐styrene) (PS‐PnBA‐PS) triblock copolymer. The effects of ligand and cationic surfactant on polymerizations were also discussed. Gel permeation chromatography (GPC) was used to characterize the molecular weight (Mn) and molecular weight distribution (MWD) of the resultant triblock copolymers. Particle size and particle size distribution of resulted latexes were characterized by dynamic light scattering (DLS). The resultant latexes showed good colloidal stability with average particle size around 100–300 nm in diameter. Glass transition temperature (Tg) of copolymers was studied by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Polym. Sci., Part A: Polym. Chem. 2016 , 54, 611–620  相似文献   
9.
余凡  李宝 《大学化学》2020,35(1):76-79
为了有效提升学生在缓冲溶液学习过程中的学习兴趣及积极性,在此推荐一个将现实中的生活用品作为实验对象引入实验课教学过程中的案例。该实验设计将性质实验扩充到婴儿湿巾,将实验内容变为对婴儿湿巾工作原理的验证,而不再是过去简单的酸碱体系的配制及相关验证实验。通过该实验的实施,学生普遍反映能够有效激发其在学习缓冲溶液相关课程中的学习积极性与兴趣,并最终促使学生认知缓冲体系内pH变化的特点及缓冲机理。  相似文献   
10.
在全球甲型H1N1流感大流行背景下,本文在充分考虑各国甲流感死亡率可能存在个体混合效应、独立效应、相关效应及空间相关效应基础上,运用Bayes计量分析框架下的模型选择标准确定描述各国甲流感死亡率的最优模型,并基于该模型对不同国家甲流感死亡率进行估算。结果显示:个体独立、空间相关效应模型能很好拟合各国甲流感疫情统计数据,利用该模型估算的全球甲流感平均死亡率为0.577%。  相似文献   
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