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1.
By employing the Lyapunov functions and Razumikhin technique, some stability results are obtained for pantograph equations with impulses. Our results reveal the fact that certain impulses may make an unstable system stable and that the stability of pantograph equations may also be inherited by impulsive pantograph ones under appropriate impulsive perturbations.  相似文献   
2.
Bai  Hongyi  Min  Rui  Yang  Ziheng 《Optical Review》2019,26(6):549-560
Optical Review - An efficient method of reconstructing the phase distribution for off-axis digital holography is proposed using hologram multiplexing with hologram rotation and complex encoding. A...  相似文献   
3.
Phosphors with outstanding luminescence thermal stability are desirable for high-power phosphor-converted light-emitting diode (pc-LED) lightings. High structural rigidity and large bandgap of phosphor hosts are helpful to suppress nonradiative relaxation of optical centers and realize excellent thermal stability. Unfortunately, few host materials simultaneously possess aforementioned structural features. Herein, we confirm that Sr3(PO4)2 (SPO) phosphate possesses high structural rigidity (Debye temperature, ΘD = 559 K) and large bandgap (Eg = 8.313 eV) by density functional theory calculations. As expected, Eu2+-doped SPO purple-blue phosphors show extraordinary thermal stability. At 150/300 °C, SPO:5%Eu2+ presents emission loss of only 4%/8% and a predicated ultrahigh thermal quenching temperature of 973 °C. The most strikingly discoveries here are that thermal-induced emission compensation appears within two distinct Eu2+ sites of SPO host. The outstanding thermal stability, on one hand, is attributed to rigid structure and large bandgap of host that inhibits nonradiative relaxation of Eu2+ and on the other hand, the emission self-compensation of Eu2+. Benefiting from synergistic effect of emission compensation and nonradiative transition restriction of Eu2+, as-prepared SPO:5%Eu2+ purple-blue phosphor not only presents superior thermal stability but also high internal quantum efficiency of 95.1% and excellent hydrolysis resistant. Some advanced applications are explored including white LED lighting and wide-color-gamut display. Our work provides in-deep insights into structure-property relationships of thermally stable phosphors.  相似文献   
4.
轮轨黏着是铁路运输中的关键基础性科学问题之一,而轮轨接触界面良好的黏着状态是列车安全和高品质运行的根本保障. 轮轨系统作为1个开放的系统,受到各种自然环境因素的影响,如湿度、温度、水、风沙甚至铁氧化物,而所有的这些环境因素都会影响轮轨接触界面的黏着状态和损伤行为. 本文中综述了水、湿度、温度和风沙等自然环境因素对轮轨黏着特性影响规律的研究进展,分析了自然环境因素下轮轨界面铁氧化物特征,重点探讨了自然环境因素对铁氧化物形成的影响及其对轮轨接触黏着特性的影响规律和作用机理,并提出了轮轨黏着的未来研究方向.   相似文献   
5.
In this paper we are performing some modification of Potential Method so that it can be recognized as an Input-Output method. This approach is tested on the ‘Japan City Banks’ example taken from Cooper and all. [Seiford L. M. Cooper, W. W. and K. Tone. Data Envelopment Analysis. Kluwer, 2002]. where authors are using Data Envelop Analysis technique. It is known that DEA is not capable to distinguish ‘efficient’ Decision Making Units among themselves. In our approach this is not the case — we obtain the ranking od all units in consideration.  相似文献   
6.
In this paper, two necessary and sufficient conditions, and a sufficient condition of A()-acceptability for (n, m) rationa approximation to function exp(z) are given, where a (0, x/2). A necesary and sufficient condition of A-acceptability for (n, m) rational approximation to exp(z) of order p is obtained, where nmp.  相似文献   
7.
The multi-technique analytical approach has proved to be a very effective tool for the analysis of artwork, as demonstrated by various studies. In this work, four micro-analysis methods were used to analyze the wall painting fragments in Kaiping Diaolou, a world cultural heritage enlisted in 2007. Field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), energy dispersive X-ray micro-analysis (EDX), combined with micro Raman and Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy, provided a vast amount of information concerning the raw materials present in the pigments, organic binder, plasters and mortars of the wall painting. Four types of pigments (goethite, lazurite, chromium green and calcite) were identified on the surface layer of the wall paintings. The substrate under the pigment layer was found to be composed of cubic-like calcite (CaCO3), micro-rod bundle-shaped syngenite (K2Ca(SO4)2·H2O), gypsum (CaSO4·2H2O) and silica (SiO2). The organic binder can be attributed to animal glue (such as egg) and drying oil by micro FT-IR spectroscopy. These analysis results can provide important information for the conservation and restoration of the Kaiping Diaolou.  相似文献   
8.
Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae 'Chachiensis' (PCRC), the premium aged pericarps of Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae, is widely used in traditional Chinese medicines with a diversity of promising bioactivity. Herein we report the extraction, characterization and underlying mechanism of anti-metabolic syndrome of an arabinan-rich polysaccharide from PCRC (PCRCP). This polysaccharide was obtained in a 7.0% yield by using ultrasound-assisted extraction under the optimized conditions of 30 mL/g liquid-to-solid ratio, 250 W ultrasound power for 20 min at 90 °C with pH 4.5. The PCRCP with an average molecular weight of 122.0 kDa, is mainly composed of D-galacturonic acid, arabinose and galactose, which may link via 1,4-linked Gal(p)-UA, 1,4-linked Ara(f) and 1,4-linked Gal(p). Supplementation with PCRCP not only effectively alleviated the weight gain, adiposity and hyperglycemia, but also regulated the key metabolic pathways involved in the de novo synthesis and β-oxidation of fatty acid in high-fat diet (HFD)-fed mice. Furthermore, PCRCP treatment caused a significant normalization in the intestinal barrier and composition of gut microbiota in mice fed by HFD. Notably, PCRCP selectively enriched Lactobacillus johnsonii at the family-genus-species levels, a known commensal bacterium, the level of which was decreased in mice fed by HFD. The depletion of microbiome induced by antibiotics, significantly compromised the effects of anti-metabolic syndrome of PCRCP in mice fed by HFD, demonstrating that the protective phenotype of PCRCP against anti-obesity is dependent on gut microbiota. PCRCP is exploitable as a potential prebiotic for the intervention of obesity and its complications.  相似文献   
9.
Nanocrystal samples (particle size about 90 nm) of Eu3+-doped rutile titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanocrystals (rutile Eu3+/TiO2 nanocrystals) were synthesized by the sol–gel method with hydrothermal treatment. The pressure effect on photoluminescence (PL) and Raman spectra of the rutile Eu3+/TiO2 nanocrystals was investigated with a diamond anvil cell under hydrostatic pressure condition. Raman spectra of the samples at high pressures indicated that the critical pressure for the transition from the rutile phase to a new baddeleyite-type phase was between 10 and 14.2 GPa. The position of Raman bands shifted to high wavenumbers and the PL intensity of 5D 07F 2 transition of Eu3+ decreased down to zero with the increase of pressure before the phase transition occurred. After releasing the pressure, the rutile phase was not recovered and a α-PbO2-type phase was observed at ambient pressure.  相似文献   
10.
The main purpose of this paper is to establish the mapping relation between metric spaces and sn-metric spaces.  相似文献   
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