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**排序方式：**共有2179条查询结果，搜索用时 15 毫秒

1.

Jun-hua Shi Yuxun Zhou Ming-lei He Jian Jin Yi-chuan Xiao Jun-hua Xiao Dong-zhi Wei 《Chemistry of Natural Compounds》2006,42(3):325-327

A novel compound, biotinylated 18

*β*-glycyrrhetinic acid (BGA), was synthesized. It is a compound of 18*β*-glycyrrhetinic acid linked with biotin. Published in Khimiya Prirodnykh Soedinenii, No. 3, pp. 266–267, May–June, 2006. An erratum to this article is available at . 相似文献2.

《Journal of membrane science》1987,34(2):185-198

The balance between the rate and the selectivity of transport of various gas pairs in a series of polycarbonates has been examined. Replacement of the four available hydrogens on the aromatic rings of the bisphenol-A unit with CH

_{3}, Cl, or Br groups gives materials with a better balance of these two characteristics than the unsubstituted polycarbonate (PC). For example, using CH_{3}substitution increases the permeability to O_{2}by nearly a factor of four with no loss in O_{2}/N_{2}selectivity compared with PC, while using Br substitution increases O_{2}/N_{2}selectivity by 50% without any loss in O_{2}permeability compared with PC. While these substitutions affect the permeability through both its mobility and solubility components, the remarkable selectivity effects are caused primarily by changes in relative mobility since the changes in solubility characteristics are nearly the same for all gases. These substitutions alter chain motions, cohesion, and packing as discussed. The tetramethylbisphenol-A polycarbonate forms miscible blends with polystyrene. These blends show absolute permeability coefficients which are lower than additivity while the selectivity of transport is greater. These effects are a result of the interactions between the two polymers. 相似文献3.

《Journal of Molecular Spectroscopy》1986,116(2):320-333

The vibrational effect on the dipole moment of a linear molecule is theoretically considered from the aspects of the dipole moment changes with the excitation of bending vibrations and the transition moments for the overtone, combination, and difference bands associated with bending modes. Such dipole moment changes and transition moments consist of two components, one depending on the first dipole moment derivatives with respect to bond lengths and the other depending on the second dipole moment derivatives with respect to bond angles. We show that the first component normally contributes little, and propose an approximation in which only the second component is retained. This approximation is practically important because the second component can be calculated without the anharmonic force constants. We derive formulas for the dipole moment changes and transition moments to facilitate a simultaneous analysis of different isotopic species. We introduce the concept of the equivalent mode, by which we may readily understand the correlation between the dipole moment change for a bending mode and the transition moment for a vibrational band. 相似文献

4.

《Operations Research Letters》1986,5(2):73-77

A linear stochastic program where the right-hand side elements are linear transformations of independent stochastic variables is considered. We show how bounds on the recouse (second-stage) problem can be found by working directly on the independent stochastic variables instead of the right-hand side elements. 相似文献

5.

6.

7.

We investigate the transport properties of a pair of Majorana bound states in a T-shaped junction, where two normal leads are coupled with an identical Majorana bound state. Both the scattering matrix and the recursive Green function method show that the peak value of the differential conductance （Gpeak） in units of e2/h and the shot noise Fano factor in the zero bias limit （F0）, which are measured at the same lead and zero temperature, satisfy a linear relation as F0=1＋Gpeak/2, independent of the magnitude or symmetry of the coupling strengths to the leads. Therefore, combined measurements of the differential conductance and shot noise in the T-shaped geometry can serve as a characteristic signature in probing Majorana bound states. 相似文献

8.

One of the main differences between a low-pressure plasma treatment and an atmospheric pressure plasma treatment is that in atmosphere, the substrate material may absorb significant amount of water which may potentially influence the plasma treatment effects. This paper investigates how the moisture absorbed by aramid fibers during the atmospheric pressure plasma treatment influences the aging behavior of the modified surfaces. Kevlar 49 fibers with different moisture regains (MR) (0.5, 3.5 and 5.5%, respectively) are treated with atmospheric pressure plasma jet (APPJ) with helium as the carrier gas and oxygen as the treatment gas. Surface wettability and chemical compositions, and interfacial shear strengths (IFSS) to epoxy for the aramid fibers in all groups are determined using water contact angle measurements, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and micro-bond pull out tests, respectively. Immediately after the plasma treatment, the treated fibers have substantially lower water contact angles, higher surface oxygen and nitrogen contents, and larger IFSS to epoxy than those of the control group. At the end of 30 day aging period, the fibers treated with 5.5% moisture regain had a lower water contact angle and more polar groups on the fiber surface, leading to 75% improvement of IFSS over the control fibers, while those for the 0.5 and 3.5% moisture regain groups were only 30%. 相似文献

9.

Chunlei Li Andrew M. Kiss Douglas G. Van Campen Alex Garachtchenko Yuriy Kolotovsky Kevin Stone Yahong Xu Wenjun Zhang Jeff Corbett 《Journal of synchrotron radiation》2016,23(4):909-918

Typical X‐ray diffraction measurements are made by moving a detector to discrete positions in space and then measuring the signal at each stationary position. This step‐scanning method can be time‐consuming, and may induce vibrations in the measurement system when the motors are accelerated and decelerated at each position. Furthermore, diffraction information between the data points may be missed unless a fine step‐scanning is used, which further increases the total measurement time. To utilize beam time efficiently, the motor acceleration and deceleration time should be minimized, and the signal‐to‐noise ratio should be maximized. To accomplish this, an integrated continuous‐scan system was developed at the Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource (SSRL). The continuous‐scan system uses an in‐house integrated motor controller system and counter/timer electronics.

*SPEC*software is used to control both the hardware and data acquisition systems. The time efficiency and repeatability of the continuous‐scan system were tested using X‐ray diffraction from a ZnO powder and compared with the step‐scan technique. Advantages and limitations of the continuous‐scan system and a demonstration of variable‐velocity continuous scan are discussed. 相似文献10.

Liu Xuemei 《光谱学快报》2014,47(10):729-739

In this study, short wave visible–near infrared reflectance spectroscopy was evaluated for prediction of diverse soil properties related to four different soil series of several regions in Jiangxi, China. A total of 240 soil samples were collected for the calibration (

*n*= 168) and prediction (*n*= 72) sets. The used wavelength range of short wave visible–near infrared reflectance spectroscopy is 325–1075 nm. Partial least squares regression and back propagation neural network were used to develop models for soil properties such as organic matter and extractable forms of calcium, magnesium, and potassium. Performance of these models was also compared and analyzed. The input of back propagation neural network was the first six principal components resulted from the principal component analysis and the optimal number of latent variables obtained from partial least squares regression. The overall results showed that the performance of partial least squares regression model was inferior to all back propagation neural network models. The best prediction was obtained with latent variables as input of back propagation neural network model for organic matter (determination coefficient = 0.84 and relative predictive determinant = 2.38), which was classified as very good model predictions. The prediction of calcium, magnesium, and potassium was classified as fair (determination coefficient = 0.56–0.68 and relative predictive determinant = 1.51–1.61), where quantitative predictions were considered possible. It is recommended to adopt latent variables as input for back propagation neural network model predicting soil properties with short wave visible–near infrared reflectance spectroscopy. In conclusion, short wave visible–near infrared reflectance spectroscopy was variably successful in estimating soil properties and showed potential for substituting laboratory analyses. 相似文献