首页 | 本学科首页   官方微博 | 高级检索  
文章检索
  按 检索   检索词:      
出版年份:   被引次数:   他引次数: 提示:输入*表示无穷大
  收费全文   8483篇
  免费   1147篇
  国内免费   1222篇
化学   4046篇
晶体学   57篇
力学   1805篇
综合类   8篇
数学   2213篇
物理学   2723篇
  2024年   32篇
  2023年   310篇
  2022年   261篇
  2021年   332篇
  2020年   362篇
  2019年   268篇
  2018年   287篇
  2017年   415篇
  2016年   355篇
  2015年   405篇
  2014年   598篇
  2013年   683篇
  2012年   735篇
  2011年   758篇
  2010年   635篇
  2009年   569篇
  2008年   544篇
  2007年   544篇
  2006年   535篇
  2005年   333篇
  2004年   250篇
  2003年   175篇
  2002年   167篇
  2001年   176篇
  2000年   118篇
  1999年   108篇
  1998年   96篇
  1997年   64篇
  1996年   49篇
  1995年   43篇
  1994年   46篇
  1993年   48篇
  1992年   40篇
  1991年   52篇
  1990年   45篇
  1989年   39篇
  1988年   75篇
  1987年   136篇
  1986年   137篇
  1985年   17篇
  1983年   2篇
  1982年   1篇
  1981年   3篇
  1979年   1篇
  1971年   1篇
  1957年   2篇
排序方式: 共有10000条查询结果,搜索用时 31 毫秒
1.
To test the hypothesis that the microviscosity changes of Endoplasmic Reticulum(ER) can be a useful indicator of ferroptosis promoted by ER Stresses(ERS), a new ER targeting viscosity rotor, L-Vis-1 was developed and applied in the quantitation of viscosity by FLIM imaging in live cells. The FLIM imaging exhibited an excellent resolution almost as good as the corresponding confocal imaging, more significantly, during ferroptosis processes promoted by different types of ERS, the viscosity increas...  相似文献   
2.
3.
By linking the carbazole unit to the nitrogen atom of acridone through phenyl or pyridyl, two compounds, named 10-(4-(9H-carbazol-9-yl)phenyl)acridin-9(10H)-one (AC-Ph-Cz) and 10-(5-(9H-carbazol-9-yl)pyridin-2-yl)acridin-9(10H)-one (AC-Py-Cz) were designed and synthesized. These two materials, characterized with highly twisted and rigid structure, good thermal stability, and balanced carrier-transporting properties, were employed as host materials for green phosphorescent and thermally activated delayed fluorescent organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs). The carbazole group, despite its small contribution to the highest occupied molecular orbitals (HOMOs) of these two materials, plays an essential role as an intramolecular host in energy delivering and improving the hole transporting ability of these two hosts. The incorporation of the electron-deficient pyridyl group as a linking group slightly improves the electron transporting capability of AC-Py-Cz. The green phosphorescent OLED (PhOLED) based on AC-Py-Cz exhibited excellent device performance with a turn-on voltage of 2.5 V, a maximum power efficiency and an external quantum efficiency (ηext) of 89.8 lm W−1 and 25.2 %, respectively, benefitting from the better charge-balancing ability of AC-Py-Cz host due to the presence of the pyridyl bridge. More importantly, all the devices based on these two hosts showed low efficiency roll-off at high brightness due to the suppressed non-radiative transition in the emitting layer. In particular, the AC-Py-Cz-hosted green PhOLED exhibited an efficiency roll-off of 1.6 % from the maximum next at a high brightness of 1000 cd m−2 and a roll-off of 15.9 % at an extremely high brightness of 10000 cd m−2. This study manifests that acridone-based host materials have great potential in fabricating OLEDs with low efficiency roll-off.  相似文献   
4.
5.
占兴  熊巍  梁国熙 《化学进展》2022,34(11):2503-2516
随着经济的飞速发展,社会对能源的需求日益扩大,对工业废水的无害化处理也提出了更高的要求。光催化燃料电池 (photocatalytic fuel cell, PFC) 在燃料电池中引入半导体光催化材料作为电极,实现了有机污染物高效降解和同步对外产电的双重功能,在废水无害化与资源化利用方面具有潜在的应用价值。半导体光催化电极是PFC系统高效运行的核心组件,增强其可见光响应和光生载流子分离是提高PFC性能的关键策略。反应器结构设计和运行参数优化也有利于改善PFC性能。本文从PFC基本原理和应用入手,综述了PFC在环境污染物资源化处理中的研究进展,并详细阐述了提高PFC的污染控制性能和产电效率的优化手段,为进一步设计高效稳定的PFC系统并实现其在水污染控制和清洁能源生产中的应用提供理论指导。  相似文献   
6.
Mass spectrometry (MS) driven metabolomics is a frequently used tool in various areas of life sciences; however, the analysis of polar metabolites is less commonly included. In general, metabolomic analyses lead to the detection of the total amount of all covered metabolites. This is currently a major limitation with respect to metabolites showing high turnover rates, but no changes in their concentration. Such metabolites and pathways could be crucial metabolic nodes (e.g., potential drug targets in cancer metabolism). A stable-isotope tracing capillary electrophoresis–mass spectrometry (CE-MS) metabolomic approach was developed to cover both polar metabolites and isotopologues in a non-targeted way. An in-house developed software enables high throughput processing of complex multidimensional data. The practicability is demonstrated analyzing [U-13C]-glucose exposed prostate cancer and non-cancer cells. This CE-MS-driven analytical strategy complements polar metabolite profiles through isotopologue labeling patterns, thereby improving not only the metabolomic coverage, but also the understanding of metabolism.  相似文献   
7.
《中国物理 B》2021,30(7):76103-076103
It has been a long-standing puzzling problem that some glasses exhibit higher glass transition temperatures(denoting high stability) but lower activation energy for relaxations(denoting low stability). In this paper, the relaxation kinetics of the nanoconfined D-mannitol(DM) glass was studied systematically using a high-precision and high-rate nanocalorimeter.The nanoconfined DM exhibits enhanced thermal stability compared to the free DM. For example, the critical cooling rate for glass formation decreases from 200 K/s to below 1 K/s; the Tg increases by about 20 K–50 K. The relaxation kinetics is analyzed based on the absolute reaction rate theory. It is found that, even though the activation energy E~*decreases,the activation entropy S~*decreases much more for the nanoconfined glass that yields a large activation free energy G~*and higher thermal stability. These results suggest that the activation entropy may provide new insights in understanding the abnormal kinetics of nanoconfined glassy systems.  相似文献   
8.
陈理  侯明山 《波谱学杂志》1991,8(3):275-282
在氢化丁苯共聚物13C-NMR谱脂肪碳部分谱带归属的基础上,根据各谱带的主要来源,推导出六个二单元浓度的计算公式。计算出二单元、一单元的相对含量,各结构单元的数均序列长度、嵌段含量和其它结构参数。加氢前后的1H-和13C-NMR谱的组成计算结果基本一致。初步探讨了作为粘度指数改进剂的氢化丁苯共聚物微观结构与性能的关系,为合成提供了依据。  相似文献   
9.
匀速运动的电偶极子的电场和磁场分布   总被引:4,自引:1,他引:3  
本文通过对电偶极子电磁势的分析和相对论下电磁场在不同惯性系中的协变分布,计算了作匀速直线运动的电偶极子的电场和磁场的空间分布.  相似文献   
10.
李勇  孙成伟  刘志文  张庆瑜 《物理学报》2006,55(8):4232-4237
通过反应磁控溅射过程中的等离子体发射光谱,研究了制备ZnO薄膜的沉积温度、氧气流量比例R=O2/(O2+Ar)对Zn和O原子发射光谱的影响,并结合ZnO薄膜的结构和物理性能,探讨了沉积温度在ZnO薄膜生长中的作用.研究结果显示:当R≥0.75%时, Zn的溅射产额随R的增加基本呈线性下降规律.当R介于10%—50%时,氧含量的变化相对平缓,有利于ZnO薄膜生长的稳定性控制.Zn原子发射光谱强度随沉积温度的变化可以分为三个阶段.当沉积温度低于250℃时,发射光谱强 关键词: ZnO 薄膜生长 反应磁控溅射 等离子体发射光谱  相似文献   
设为首页 | 免责声明 | 关于勤云 | 加入收藏

Copyright©北京勤云科技发展有限公司  京ICP备09084417号