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1.
《Physica A》2006,363(1):32-38
To improve their position at the market, many companies concentrate on their core competences and hence cooperate with suppliers and distributors. Thus, between many independent companies strong linkages develop and production and logistics networks emerge. These networks are characterised by permanently increasing complexity, and are nowadays forced to adapt to dynamically changing markets. This factor complicates an enterprise-spreading production planning and control enormously. Therefore, a continuous flow model for production networks will be derived regarding these special logistic problems. Furthermore, phase-synchronisation effects will be presented and their dependencies to the set of network parameters will be investigated.  相似文献   
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本文运用反映不同收入群体异质性的混合分布测度方法估计收入分布,对收入分布拟合效果的评判方法进行了探讨,在利用假设检验思想从收入变动角度给出一种收入群体界定标准的基础上,从规模上刻画我国收入分配格局,并运用夏普里分解规则对影响格局形成的宏观因素进行了解构。对CHNS(1989-2011)住户调查数据实证分析的结果表明,近年来城乡居民收入分布逐渐呈多峰特征且城镇更为明显;城镇和农村居民不同收入群体间的相互作用相当,低收入群体内部收入的增长可有效促进自身规模的缩小,中收入群体内部收入的增长虽同样有助于低收入群体规模的缩小但对自身群体规模变动影响不大,高收入群体内部收入的增长则将有助于自身规模的增大,而各群体内收入分配差距的扩大多会阻碍"橄榄型"格局的形成。  相似文献   
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碳纳米管是具有一维纳米结构的新型纳米材料,具有许多独特的物理、化学性质.卟啉对可见光具有强烈吸收,其大π共轭体系使其具有良好的电子给予能力,可作为人工光合作用体系的光捕捉单元.将具有电子接受能力的碳纳米管与卟啉结合起来,通过卟啉对碳纳米管进行共价和非共价修饰,可以改善碳纳米管在溶剂中的溶解分散性能,同时实现卟啉和碳纳米管之间有效的电子传递,形成具有独特光电和光学性质卟啉-碳纳米管复合物.该类物质具备良好的应用前景,是碳纳米管和卟啉研究中的热点.就近年来该类复合物的构筑方法及性质研究等方面的进展进行了综述.  相似文献   
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We deal with the covariance and cross covariance operators estimation of a Hilbert space valued autoregressive process with random coefficients. We establish bounds for empirical estimators in mean square error and almost sure convergence in Hilbert–Schmidt norm. Consistent estimators of the eigenvalues are also derived.  相似文献   
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In this paper, we propose a Bayesian semiparametric mean-covariance regression model with known covariance structures. A mixture model is used to describe the potential non-normal distribution of the regression errors. Moreover, an empirical likelihood adjusted mixture of Dirichlet process model is constructed to produce distributions with given mean and variance constraints. We illustrate through simulation studies that the proposed method provides better estimations in some non-normal cases. We also demonstrate the implementation of our method by analyzing the data set from a sleep deprivation study.  相似文献   
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Using the Laplace transform method, this paper deals with the Ulam stability of linear fractional differential equations with constant coefficients.  相似文献   
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研究非时变有向通讯网络背景下一阶线性多个体动力学系统的整体行为.根据通讯网络的结构,系统可以区分为独立基本子系统和非独立基本子系统.当系统的控制规则为一类平凡的线性类型时,系统的独立基本子系统将趋于自身的一致状态,也即子系统中的每个个体趋于子系统的带权中心.独立基本子系统带权中心由子系统的系数矩阵的零特征根归一化左特征向量确定.非独立子系统中个体将趋于独立基本子系统带权中心的凸集内.当且仅当系统的独立基本子系统唯一时,系统实现一致性行为.  相似文献   
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Predicting demand and determining optimal pricing are essential components of operations management. It is often useful to think in terms of the price elasticity of demand when reasoning about the demand curve. Firms wishing to invest in demand prediction and information gathering should reason about the relationship between the expected value of perfect information (EVPI) on demand and demand elasticity. Should firms pay more/less for information on demand if elasticity is high/low? Furthermore, when considering different product prices, correlation may exist between demand at different prices. Should firms pay more/less for information if the correlation between demand at different prices is high or low? This paper derives analytic and numeric results to answer these questions. We start with the assumption that demand is uncertain and follows a uniformly distributed band around a deterministic demand curve where the upper and lower bounds of the demand distribution vary with price. This formulation enables a closed form expression for EVPI that provides a useful benchmark. We find nuanced behavior of EVPI that depends on both the elasticity and the initial price preference. The EVPI approaches zero as elasticity increases (decreases) for a firm that initially prefers the low (high) price. Numerical results using the truncated normal and beta distributions relax assumptions about the uniform distribution and show EVPI is similar when the distribution variances are similar. Finally, we relax the assumption of perfect information and show the expected value of imperfect information (EVOI) follows similar patterns as EVPI with respect to demand elasticity.  相似文献   
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