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排序方式: 共有4402条查询结果,搜索用时 140 毫秒
1.
Designs, Codes and Cryptography - Large sets of combinatorial designs has always been a fascinating topic in design theory. These designs form a partition of the whole space into combinatorial...  相似文献   
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The accumulation of material degradation under contact with aggressive aqueous environments could lead to reduced structural reliability. In terms of hydrated cementitious materials, such interactions often result in the chemo-physical-mechanical (CPM) degradation, which represents a multiphysics process of high non-linearity and complexity. By further considering the inevitable uncertainties associated with both the materials and the serving conditions, solving such a process requires novel probabilistic approaches. This paper presents a stochastic chemo-physical-mechanical (SCPM) degradation analysis on the hydrated cement under acidic environment. The SCPM analysis consists of modelling the stochastic chemophysical degradation by finite element method, and assessing the mechanical deterioration through analytical micromechanics. The proposed modelling framework couples the conventional Monte Carlo Simulation with a novel support vector regression algorithm. The present method is able to not only address the detailed degradation mechanisms, but also ensure low computational costs for an accurate SCPM degradation assessment.  相似文献   
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《中国物理 B》2021,30(7):76103-076103
It has been a long-standing puzzling problem that some glasses exhibit higher glass transition temperatures(denoting high stability) but lower activation energy for relaxations(denoting low stability). In this paper, the relaxation kinetics of the nanoconfined D-mannitol(DM) glass was studied systematically using a high-precision and high-rate nanocalorimeter.The nanoconfined DM exhibits enhanced thermal stability compared to the free DM. For example, the critical cooling rate for glass formation decreases from 200 K/s to below 1 K/s; the Tg increases by about 20 K–50 K. The relaxation kinetics is analyzed based on the absolute reaction rate theory. It is found that, even though the activation energy E~*decreases,the activation entropy S~*decreases much more for the nanoconfined glass that yields a large activation free energy G~*and higher thermal stability. These results suggest that the activation entropy may provide new insights in understanding the abnormal kinetics of nanoconfined glassy systems.  相似文献   
5.
Considering the importance of damage for the structural performance and for decreasing the identification error, this paper proposes an optimal sensor placement method based on a weighted standard deviation norm (WSDN) index. The standard deviation of the identified damage parameters is solved using the series expansion theory and probabilistic method to quantify the effect of a measurement error on damage identification. The damage estimation weight (DEW) index, which can reflect the importance of each element in the structural capabilities, is established based on a performance-damage curve. A significant DEW for a specified element indicates that the element is important for the structure and that its identification error should be small. The WSDN index is obtained from the Hadamard product of the standard deviations (SDs) and DEWs. Thus, the identification error of the entire structure is measured using the weighting coefficient. The optimal sensor placement (OSP) procedure is performed by minimizing the WSDN index. The proposed method can clearly decrease the uncertainties of the identification results for the important elements. Other OSP criteria, including the condition number, information entropy, and standard deviation norm, which aim to decrease the identification error, are discussed in this paper for comparison with the proposed method. Two numerical examples and an experiment, which pertain to the deformation performance, buckling features, and dynamic characteristics, are discussed to verify the advantages of the proposed method.  相似文献   
6.
Plasma-assisted flow control is of high industrial interest, but practical applications at full scale require a large surface of interaction. Nanosecond pulsed Dielectric Barrier Discharge (DBD) have demonstrated promising results of flow control, but their interacting region is limited to only a few cm2. In this paper, the conditions to extend a surface nanosecond DBD are documented. It is shown that a sliding discharge regime can fully fill an inter-electrode distance of 40 mm. This discharge regime promotes the formation of two hemispheric pressure waves originating from both air-exposed electrodes while an horizontal region of pressure gradient is also observed.  相似文献   
7.
周华亮  高自友  李克平 《物理学报》2006,55(4):1706-1710
在NaSch模型的基础上,针对铁路交通的特点提出一种用于模拟准移动闭塞系统的元胞自动机模型.应用该模型模拟了准移动闭塞系统列车延迟传播的交通现象,分析了准移动闭塞系统中的轨道定位单元长度、发车时间间隔、初始延迟时间等因素对列车延迟传播的影响. 关键词: 元胞自动机 交通流 准移动闭塞  相似文献   
8.
本文介绍一种用牛顿力学研究赛跑运动的物理模型,给出两种情形下跑步时间的最优化结果.这一结果与优秀运动员的实际比赛成绩很好地相符.  相似文献   
9.
In this paper, based on the utility preferential attachment, we propose a new unified model to generate different network topologies such as scale-free, small-world and random networks. Moreover, a new network structure named super scale network is found, which has monopoly characteristic in our simulation experiments. Finally, the characteristics ofthis new network are given.  相似文献   
10.
The irreversibility field (Hirr) of Y-based superconductor is much higher than that of Bi-based superconductor. Y-based superconductor is capable of maintaining stable electrical currents in high magnetic field and electric field, so it is a better suited mate-rial for electric-current applications. Commonly, the Y-based tapes comprise a YBCO thick film deposited on a flexible substrate, typically with an intermediate buffer layer, and an overcoat of noble metal. In this process, the interm…  相似文献   
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