首页 | 本学科首页   官方微博 | 高级检索  
文章检索
  按 检索   检索词:      
出版年份:   被引次数:   他引次数: 提示:输入*表示无穷大
  收费全文   1301篇
  免费   333篇
  国内免费   204篇
化学   387篇
晶体学   14篇
力学   271篇
综合类   6篇
数学   411篇
物理学   749篇
  2024年   3篇
  2023年   17篇
  2022年   74篇
  2021年   82篇
  2020年   108篇
  2019年   75篇
  2018年   74篇
  2017年   75篇
  2016年   79篇
  2015年   117篇
  2014年   136篇
  2013年   171篇
  2012年   194篇
  2011年   191篇
  2010年   152篇
  2009年   99篇
  2008年   31篇
  2007年   7篇
  2006年   21篇
  2005年   12篇
  2004年   6篇
  2003年   10篇
  2002年   12篇
  2001年   17篇
  2000年   7篇
  1999年   23篇
  1998年   14篇
  1997年   5篇
  1996年   4篇
  1995年   6篇
  1994年   2篇
  1993年   3篇
  1992年   2篇
  1991年   2篇
  1990年   2篇
  1979年   2篇
  1957年   3篇
排序方式: 共有1838条查询结果,搜索用时 78 毫秒
1.
The accumulation of material degradation under contact with aggressive aqueous environments could lead to reduced structural reliability. In terms of hydrated cementitious materials, such interactions often result in the chemo-physical-mechanical (CPM) degradation, which represents a multiphysics process of high non-linearity and complexity. By further considering the inevitable uncertainties associated with both the materials and the serving conditions, solving such a process requires novel probabilistic approaches. This paper presents a stochastic chemo-physical-mechanical (SCPM) degradation analysis on the hydrated cement under acidic environment. The SCPM analysis consists of modelling the stochastic chemophysical degradation by finite element method, and assessing the mechanical deterioration through analytical micromechanics. The proposed modelling framework couples the conventional Monte Carlo Simulation with a novel support vector regression algorithm. The present method is able to not only address the detailed degradation mechanisms, but also ensure low computational costs for an accurate SCPM degradation assessment.  相似文献   
2.
随着光伏行业的快速发展, 对硅单晶的品质和长晶装备的稳定性的要求也不断提高。直拉法是生产硅单晶的主要方法,通过提高单晶炉副室的高度以扩大单晶硅的生产规模。由于副室高度的大幅增加,且单晶炉提拉头质心相对于旋转轴心有一定距离,对单晶炉整体稳定性有较大影响,从而降低了单晶硅的生产质量。针对此问题,对单晶炉建立可靠的力学分析模型,采用数值仿真方法,对单晶炉整体进行动力学响应分析,计算得到副室高度增加后的单晶炉工作时中钨丝绳下端晶棒的运动规律以及最大摆动幅度,为改进设计提供依据。数值仿真分析表明提高单晶炉副室高度后,提拉头较大的质心偏心是单晶炉提拉系统发生摆动的主要原因。在此基础上提出在提拉头上添加质心调节装置,通过控制系统调节可保证提拉头质心位置在旋转轴线上以降低提拉系统的摆动。  相似文献   
3.
Motor Imagery Electroencephalography (MI-EEG) has shown good prospects in neurorehabilitation, and the entropy-based nonlinear dynamic methods have been successfully applied to feature extraction of MI-EEG. Especially based on Multiscale Fuzzy Entropy (MFE), the fuzzy entropies of the τ coarse-grained sequences in τ scale are calculated and averaged to develop the Composite MFE (CMFE) with more feature information. However, the coarse-grained process fails to match the nonstationary characteristic of MI-EEG by a mean filtering algorithm. In this paper, CMFE is improved by assigning the different weight factors to the different sample points in the coarse-grained process, i.e., using the weighted mean filters instead of the original mean filters, which is conductive to signal filtering and feature extraction, and the resulting personalized Weighted CMFE (WCMFE) is more suitable to represent the nonstationary MI-EEG for different subjects. All the WCMFEs of multi-channel MI-EEG are fused in serial to construct the feature vector, which is evaluated by a back-propagation neural network. Based on a public dataset, extensive experiments are conducted, yielding a relatively higher classification accuracy by WCMFE, and the statistical significance is examined by two-sample t-test. The results suggest that WCMFE is superior to the other entropy-based and traditional feature extraction methods.  相似文献   
4.
Yu  Tian-Jun  Zhou  Sha  Yang  Xiao-Dong  Zhang  Wei 《Nonlinear dynamics》2018,91(2):1041-1060
Nonlinear Dynamics - Global dynamics of a flexible asymmetrical rotor resting on vibrating supports is investigated. Hamilton’s principle is used to derive the partial differential governing...  相似文献   
5.
The sphene-type solid electrolyte with high ionic conductivity has been designed for solid-state lithium metal battery. However, the practical applications of solid electrolytes are still suffered by the low relative density and long sintering time of tens of hours with large energy consumption. Here, we introduced the spark plasma sintering technology for fabricating the sphene-type Li1.125Ta0.875Zr0.125SiO5 solid electrolyte. The dense electrolyte pellet with high relative density of ca. 97.4% and ionic conductivity of ca. 1.44×10-5 S/cm at 30℃ can be obtained by spark plasma sintering process within the extremely short time of only ca. 0.1 h. Also the solid electrolyte provides stable electrochemical window of ca. 6.0 V(vs. Li+/Li) and high electrochemical interface stability toward Li metal anode. With the enhanced interfacial contacts between electrodes and electrolyte pellet by the in-situ formed polymer electrolyte, the solid-state lithium metal battery with LiFePO4 cathode can deliver the initial discharge capacity of ca. 154 mA·h/g at 0.1 C and the reversible capacity of ca. 132 mA·h/g after 70 cycles with high Coulombic efficiency of 99.5% at 55℃. Therefore, this study demonstrates a rapid and energy efficient sintering strategy for fabricating the solid electrolyte with dense structure and high ionic conductivity that can be practically applied in solid-state lithium metal batteries with high energy densities and safeties.  相似文献   
6.
The analysis of single living cells, including intracellular delivery and extraction, is essential for monitoring their dynamic biochemical processes and exploring intracellular heterogeneity. However, owing to the 2D view in bright-field microscopy and optical distortions caused by the cell shape and the variation in the refractive index both inside and around the cells, achieving spatially undistorted imaging for high-precision manipulation within a cell is challenging. Here, an accurate and visual system is developed for single-cell spatial manipulation by correcting the aberration for simultaneous bright-field triple-view imaging. Stereo information from the triple view enables higher spatial resolution that facilitates the precise manipulation of single cells. In the bright field, we resolved the spatial locations of subcellular structures of a single cell suspended in a medium and measured the random spatial rotation angle of the cell with a precision of ±5°. Furthermore, we demonstrated the visual manipulation of a probe to an arbitrary spatial point of a cell with an accuracy of <1 pixel. This novel system is more accurate and less destructive for subcellular content extraction and drug delivery.

We achieved the low-damage spatial puncture of single cells at specific visual points with an accuracy of <65 nm.  相似文献   
7.
Diffraction anomaly corresponds to an energy re-distribution in the reflected and transmitted light beams and in different diffraction orders of a grating, which leads to sharp modulations on the transmission and reflection spectra. In gratings sitting on a transparent substrate, this portion of the energy is actually transferred to channels separated from the reflected and transmitted beams. These channels are based on multiple degenerated diffraction processes at the same wavelength as the diffraction anomaly. The spectroscopic response of these channels is sensitive to the change in the environmental refractive index and can be utilized in sensor devices.  相似文献   
8.
9.
This article proposes a parsimonious alternative approach for modeling the stochastic dynamics of mortality rates. Instead of the commonly used factor-based decomposition framework, we consider modeling mortality improvements using a random field specification with a given causal structure. Such a class of models introduces dependencies among adjacent cohorts aiming at capturing, among others, the cohort effects and cross generations correlations. It also describes the conditional heteroskedasticity of mortality. The proposed model is a generalization of the now widely used AR-ARCH models for random processes. For such a class of models, we propose an estimation procedure for the parameters. Formally, we use the quasi-maximum likelihood estimator (QMLE) and show its statistical consistency and the asymptotic normality of the estimated parameters. The framework being general, we investigate and illustrate a simple variant, called the three-level memory model, in order to fully understand and assess the effectiveness of the approach for modeling mortality dynamics.  相似文献   
10.
We present an exact solution for supercritical configurations of axially moving beams with arbitrary boundary conditions. We take into account the geometric nonlinearity of the traveling beams in supercritical regime, and the nonlinear buckling problem is analytically solved. A closed-form solution for the supercritical configuration in terms of the axial speed is obtained. Some typical boundary conditions, such as fixed-fixed, fixed-pinned and pinned-pinned, are discussed. More importantly, based on the exact solution, we found a new anti-symmetric configuration for the fixed-fixed axially moving beams. The traveling beam may vibrate around the new anti-symmetric configuration at sufficiently high traveling speeds. A good accuracy of the solution is confirmed by a comparison with the data available in the literature, and with our own numerical results.  相似文献   
设为首页 | 免责声明 | 关于勤云 | 加入收藏

Copyright©北京勤云科技发展有限公司  京ICP备09084417号