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1.
The accumulation of material degradation under contact with aggressive aqueous environments could lead to reduced structural reliability. In terms of hydrated cementitious materials, such interactions often result in the chemo-physical-mechanical (CPM) degradation, which represents a multiphysics process of high non-linearity and complexity. By further considering the inevitable uncertainties associated with both the materials and the serving conditions, solving such a process requires novel probabilistic approaches. This paper presents a stochastic chemo-physical-mechanical (SCPM) degradation analysis on the hydrated cement under acidic environment. The SCPM analysis consists of modelling the stochastic chemophysical degradation by finite element method, and assessing the mechanical deterioration through analytical micromechanics. The proposed modelling framework couples the conventional Monte Carlo Simulation with a novel support vector regression algorithm. The present method is able to not only address the detailed degradation mechanisms, but also ensure low computational costs for an accurate SCPM degradation assessment.  相似文献   
2.
周华亮  高自友  李克平 《物理学报》2006,55(4):1706-1710
在NaSch模型的基础上,针对铁路交通的特点提出一种用于模拟准移动闭塞系统的元胞自动机模型.应用该模型模拟了准移动闭塞系统列车延迟传播的交通现象,分析了准移动闭塞系统中的轨道定位单元长度、发车时间间隔、初始延迟时间等因素对列车延迟传播的影响. 关键词: 元胞自动机 交通流 准移动闭塞  相似文献   
3.
本文介绍一种用牛顿力学研究赛跑运动的物理模型,给出两种情形下跑步时间的最优化结果.这一结果与优秀运动员的实际比赛成绩很好地相符.  相似文献   
4.
In this paper, based on the utility preferential attachment, we propose a new unified model to generate different network topologies such as scale-free, small-world and random networks. Moreover, a new network structure named super scale network is found, which has monopoly characteristic in our simulation experiments. Finally, the characteristics ofthis new network are given.  相似文献   
5.
The irreversibility field (Hirr) of Y-based superconductor is much higher than that of Bi-based superconductor. Y-based superconductor is capable of maintaining stable electrical currents in high magnetic field and electric field, so it is a better suited mate-rial for electric-current applications. Commonly, the Y-based tapes comprise a YBCO thick film deposited on a flexible substrate, typically with an intermediate buffer layer, and an overcoat of noble metal. In this process, the interm…  相似文献   
6.
A new prediction technique is proposed for chaotic time series. The usefulness of the technique is thatit can kick off some false neighbor points which are not suitable for the local estimation of the dynamics systems. Atime-delayed embedding is used to reconstruct the underlying attractor, and the prediction model is based on the timeevolution of the topological neighboring in the phase space. We use a feedforward neural network to approximate thelocal dominant Lyapunov exponent, and choose the spatial neighbors by the Lyapunov exponent. The model is testedfor the Mackey-Glass equation and the convection amplitude of lorenz systems. The results indicate that this predictiontechnique can improve the prediction of chaotic time series.  相似文献   
7.
Free wave propagation properties in one-dimensional chains of nonlinear oscillators are investigated by means of nonlinear maps. In this realm, the governing difference equations are regarded as symplectic nonlinear transformations relating the amplitudes in adjacent chain sites (n, n + 1) thereby considering a dynamical system where the location index n plays the role of the discrete time. Thus, wave propagation becomes synonymous of stability: finding regions of propagating wave solutions is equivalent to finding regions of linearly stable map solutions. Mechanical models of chains of linearly coupled nonlinear oscillators are investigated. Pass- and stop-band regions of the mono-coupled periodic system are analytically determined for period-q orbits as they are governed by the eigenvalues of the linearized 2D map arising from linear stability analysis of periodic orbits. Then, equivalent chains of nonlinear oscillators in complex domain are tackled. Also in this case, where a 4D real map governs the wave transmission, the nonlinear pass- and stop-bands for periodic orbits are analytically determined by extending the 2D map analysis. The analytical findings concerning the propagation properties are then compared with numerical results obtained through nonlinear map iteration.  相似文献   
8.
Duffing–Van der Pol equation with fifth nonlinear-restoring force and two external forcing terms is investigated. The threshold values of existence of chaotic motion are obtained under the periodic perturbation. By second-order averaging method and Melnikov method, we prove the criterion of existence of chaos in averaged system under quasi-periodic perturbation for ω2 = 1 + εσ, n = 1, 3, 5, and cannot prove the criterion of existence of chaos in second-order averaged system under quasi-periodic perturbation for ω2 = 1 + εσ, n = 2, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, where σ is not rational to ω1, but can show the occurrence of chaos in original system by numerical simulation. Numerical simulations including heteroclinic and homoclinic bifurcation surfaces, bifurcation diagrams, Lyapunov exponent, phase portraits and Poincaré map, not only show the consistence with the theoretical analysis but also exhibit the more new complex dynamical behaviors. We show that cascades of interlocking period-doubling and reverse period-doubling bifurcations from period-2 to -4 and -6 orbits, interleaving occurrence of chaotic behaviors and quasi-periodic orbits, transient chaos with a great abundance of period windows, symmetry-breaking of periodic orbits in chaotic regions, onset of chaos which occurs more than one, chaos suddenly disappearing to period orbits, interior crisis, strange non-chaotic attractor, non-attracting chaotic set and nice chaotic attractors. Our results show many dynamical behaviors and some of them are strictly departure from the behaviors of Duffing–Van der Pol equation with a cubic nonlinear-restoring force and one external forcing.  相似文献   
9.
External difference families (EDFs) are a type of new combinatorial designs originated from cryptography. In this paper, some earlier ideas of recursive and cyclotomic constructions of combinatorial designs are extended, and a number of classes of EDFs and disjoint difference families are presented. A link between a subclass of EDFs and a special type of (almost) difference sets is set up.  相似文献   
10.
将稀土配合物Eu(asprin)_3phen掺杂到导电聚合物PVK中,制成结构分别为ITO/PVK:RE配合物/LiF/AI(1),ITO/PVK:RE配合物/PBD/LiF/AI(2)的电致发光(EL)器件。发现二者的电致发光谱存在着较大的差别:在器件(1)中,来自Eu~(3 )的位于594nm(~5D_0→~7F_1)和614nm(~5D_0→~7F_2)处的发光强度大致相当,而在器件(2)中,EL主要来自Eu~(3 )位于614nm的发光,594nm处的发光很弱,与薄膜状态下的光致发光谱(PL)一致。并针对此现象进行了初步讨论。  相似文献   
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