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任程  薛亮  李俊杰  郭静 《化学教育》2019,40(9):29-31
运用Rasch模型探查高二学生对"化学键"概念的认知情况,运用Conquest软件和Winsteps软件对测试结果进行分析。结果表明:基于Rasch模型编制的测试卷能客观有效地检测学生对"化学键"概念的理解,为一线教师的有效教学提供学情基础。  相似文献   
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An efficient solution-processable route employing Pb(Ac)2 as lead source and anti-solvent treatment to achieve fully covered and homogenous perovskite films is reported.  相似文献   
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基于闫春更等建立的二维度四指标教材难度微观评价模型,重点对中国、美国、新加坡、澳大利亚、日本、英国的高中化学教材中"烃类化合物"内容的整合广度、表征深度进行测评和比较。研究发现6国教材内容的整合广度整体上差异不大,但其表征深度差异明显;美国教材注重学生认识物质的思路和方法的渗透,日本教材注重基本知识与技能的掌握,中国教材将概念诠释与样例分析相融合;英国、新加坡、美国教材注重情境推理或比较等信息处理策略的运用,对学习者学习的引导性较强。  相似文献   
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The paper summarizes and discusses the recent advances of proteins as functional interlayers in organic field-effect transistors (OFETs). Specific focus is given on the proteins integrated into the device structure, either to act as dielectric materials or to perform as the functional interlayer between the dielectric and the organic semiconductor (OSC). The main emphasis is give to the location and the specific effect of protein layers in the structure of OFETs. Besides, the possibility of amyloid serving as useful building blocks for OFET is discussed.  相似文献   
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Solar-driven water splitting to produce clean and renewable hydrogen offers a green strategy to address the energy crisis and environmental pollution. Heterostructure catalysts are receiving increasing attention for photocatalytic hydrogen generation. ZnO/ZnS/CdS and ZnO/CdS heterostructures have been successfully designed and prepared according to two different strategies. By introducing a heterointerface layer of ZnS between ZnO and CdS, a Z scheme charge-transfer channel was promoted and achieved superior photocatalytic performance. A highest hydrogen generation rate of 156.7 μmol g−1 h−1 was achieved by precise control of the thickness of the heterointerface layer and of the CdS shell. These findings demonstrated that heterostructures are promising catalysts for solar-driven water splitting, and that heterointerface engineering is an effective way to improve the photocatalytic properties of heterostructures.  相似文献   
7.
The quantum dynamics of carriers bound to helical tube surfaces is investigated in a thin-layer quantization scheme. By numerically solving the open-boundary Schrödinger equation in curvilinear coordinates, geometric effect on the coherent transmission spectra is analysed in the case of single propagating mode as well as multimode. It is shown that, the coiling endows the helical nanotube with different transport properties from a bent cylindrical surface. Fano resonance appears as a purely geometric effect in the conductance, the corresponding energy of quasibound state is obviously influenced by the torsion and length of the nanotube. We also find new plateaus in the conductance. The transport of double-degenerate mode in this geometry is reminiscent of the Zeeman coupling between the magnetic field and spin angular momentum in quasi-one-dimensional structure.  相似文献   
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We present an experimental and theoretical investigation, performed on hot sodium atoms in a ladder scheme, showing the control of the absorption and of the propagation velocity of a probe light pulse with a spectral bandwidth as large as 1.8 GHz. The predictions of the theoretical model compare favorably with the experimental results.  相似文献   
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In this work, we reported the effect of Li2CO3 addition on the structural, optical, ferroelectric properties and electric-field-induced strain of Bi0.5(Na,K)0.5TiO3 (BNKT) solid solution with CaZrO3 ceramics. Both rhombohedral and tetragonal structures were distorted after adding Lithium (Li). The band gap values decreased from 2.91 to 2.69 eV for 5 mol% Li-addition. The maximum polarization and remanent polarization decreased from 49.66 μC/cm2 to 27.11 μC/cm2 and from 22.93 μC/cm2 to 5.35 μC/cm2 for un-doped and 5 mol% Li- addition BNKT ceramics, respectively. The maximum Smax/Emax value was 567 pm/V at 2 mol% Li2CO3 access. We expected this work will help to understand the role of A-site dopant in lead-free ferroelectric BNKT materials.  相似文献   
10.
Diffusion coefficients of an aqueous system containing cadmium chloride 0.100 mol · dm−3 and lactose at different concentrations at 25 °C have been measured, using a conductimetric cell and an automatic apparatus to follow diffusion. The cell relies on an open-ended capillary method and a conductimetric technique is used to follow the diffusion process by measuring the resistance of a solution inside the capillaries, at recorded times. From these results and by ab initio calculations, it was possible to obtain a better understanding of the effect of lactose on transport of cadmium chloride in aqueous solutions.  相似文献   
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