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1.
From the implementation point of view, the printable magnetic Janus colloidal photonic crystals (CPCs) microspheres are highly desirable. Herein, we developed a dispensing-printing strategy for magnetic Janus CPCs display via a microfluidics-automatic printing system. Monodisperse core/shell colloidal particles and magnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles precursor serve as inks. Based on the equilibrium of three-phase interfacial tensions, Janus structure is successfully formed, followed by UV irradiation and self-assembly of colloid particle to generate magnetic Janus CPCs microspheres. Notably, this method shows distinct superiority with highly uniform Janus CPCs structure, where the TMPTA/Fe3O4 hemisphere is in the bottom side while CPCs hemisphere is in the top side. Thus, by using Janus CPCs microspheres with two different structural colors as pixel points, a pattern with red flower and green leaf is achieved. Moreover, 1D linear Janus CPCs pattern encapsulated by hydrogel is also fabricated. Both the color and the shape can be changed under the traction of magnets, showing great potentials in flexible smart displays. We believe this work not only offers a new feasible pathway to construct magnetic Janus CPCs patterns by a dispensing-printable fashion, but also provides new opportunities for flexible and smart displays.  相似文献   
2.
The PeakForce Quantitative Nanomechanical Mapping based on atomic force microscope (AFM) is employed to first visualize and then quantify the elastic properties of a model nitrile rubber/poly(vinyl chloride) (NBR/PVC) blend at the nanoscale. This method allows us to consistently observe the changes in mechanical properties of each phase in polymer blends. Beyond measuring and discriminating elastic modulus and adhesion forces of each phase, we tune the AFM tips and the peak force parameters in order to reliably image samples. In view of viscoelastic difference in each phase, a three‐phase coexistence of an unmixed NBR phase, the mixed phase, and PVC microcrystallites is directly visualized in NBR/PVC blends. The nanomechanical investigation is also capable of recognizing the crosslinked rubber phase in cured rubber. The contribution of the mixed phase was quantified and it was found that the mechanical properties of blends are mainly determined by the homogeneity and stiffness of the mixed phase. This study furthers our understanding the structure–mechanical property relationship of thermoplastic elastomers, which is important for their potential design and applications. © 2019 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Polym. Sci., Part B: Polym. Phys. 2019 , 57, 662–669  相似文献   
3.
A strategy based on covalent organic frameworks for ultrafast ion transport involves designing an ionic interface to mediate ion motion. Electrolyte chains were integrated onto the walls of one-dimensional channels to construct ionic frameworks via pore surface engineering, so that the ionic interface can be systematically tuned at the desired composition and density. This strategy enables a quantitative correlation between interface and ion transport and unveils a full picture of managing ionic interface to achieve high-rate ion transport. Moreover, the effect of interfaces was scaled on ion transport; ion mobility is increased in an exponential mode with the ionic interface. This strategy not only sets a benchmark system but also offers a general guidance for designing ionic interface that is key to systems for energy conversion and storage.  相似文献   
4.
建立了同时测定尿液中复方α-酮酸片5种有效成分(消旋羟蛋氨酸钙(HMACa)、酮缬氨酸钙(KVCa)、消旋酮异亮氨酸钙(KILCa)、酮亮氨酸钙(KLCa)和酮苯丙氨酸钙(KPACa))的离子对反相高效液相色谱法。分别考察了离子对试剂浓度、缓冲盐浓度和流动相pH值等参数对分离情况的影响。最终采用Waters Symmetry C18色谱柱(250 mm×4.6 mm,5μm);以乙腈和含15 mmol/L四丁基氢氧化铵的20 mmol/L磷酸盐缓冲液(pH 7.0)为流动相进行梯度洗脱,流速为1.0 mL/min;柱温为35℃;检测波长为210 nm。在上述条件下,5种有效成分得到很好的分离,并且不受尿液中内源性基质的干扰,在20~200 mg/L范围内线性关系良好(r≥0.999 0);HMACa、KVCa、KILCa、KLCa和KPACa的检出限(S/N=3)分别为3.0、5.0、3.6、5.7和2.5 mg/L;定量限(S/N=10)分别为9.6、16.7、12.0、19.0和8.3 mg/L;日间、日内精密度均小于7%;平均回收率在86.79%~112.00%之间,RSD小于9%(n=5)。该方法准确,灵敏度高,重现性好,适用于尿液中这5种有效成分的检测。  相似文献   
5.
Three‐dimensional (3D) nanometal films serving as current collectors have attracted much interest recently owing to their promising application in high‐performance supercapacitors. In the process of the electrochemical reaction, the 3D structure can provide a short diffusion path for fast ion transport, and the highly conductive nanometal may serve as a backbone for facile electron transfer. In this work, a novel polypyrrole (PPy) shell@3D‐Ni‐core composite is developed to enhance the electrochemical performance of conventional PPy. With the introduction of a Ni metal core, the as‐prepared material exhibits a high specific capacitance (726 F g?1 at a charge/discharge rate of 1 A g?1), good rate capability (a decay of 33 % in Csp with charge/discharge rates increasing from 1 to 20 A g?1), and high cycle stability (only a small decrease of 4.2 % in Csp after 1000 cycles at a scan rate of 100 mV s?1). Furthermore, an aqueous symmetric supercapacitor device is fabricated by using the as‐prepared composite as electrodes; the device demonstrates a high energy density (≈21.2 Wh kg?1) and superior long‐term cycle ability (only 4.4 % and 18.6 % loss in Csp after 2000 and 5000 cycles, respectively).  相似文献   
6.
Covalent organic frameworks (COFs) are a new class of crystalline porous polymers comprised mainly of carbon atoms, and are versatile for the integration of heteroatoms such as B, O, and N into the skeletons. The designable structure and abundant composition render COFs useful as precursors for heteroatom-doped porous carbons for energy storage and conversion. Herein, we describe a multifunctional electrochemical catalyst obtained through pyrolysis of a bimetallic COF. The catalyst possesses hierarchical pores and abundant iron and cobalt nanoparticles embedded with standing carbon layers. By integrating these features, the catalyst exhibits excellent electrochemical catalytic activity in the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR), with a 50 mV positive half-wave potential, a higher limited diffusion current density, and a much smaller Tafel slope than a Pt-C catalyst. Moreover, the catalyst displays superior electrochemical performance toward the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER), with overpotentials of −0.26 V and −0.33 V in acidic and alkaline aqueous solution, respectively, at a current density of 10 mA cm−2. The overpotential in the catalysis of the oxygen evolution reaction (OER) was 1.59 V at the same current density.  相似文献   
7.
一阶最优性条件研究   总被引:1,自引:1,他引:0  
本对由Botsko的关于多变量函数取极值的一阶导数检验条件定理^[1]进行了分析研究,给出了更实用而简捷的差别条件。最后,举出若干例子予以说明。  相似文献   
8.
聚硅烷研究进展 (1)聚硅烷的合成及应用   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
聚硅烷的合成及应用因可溶性聚硅烷的发现而成为聚合物研究的又一热点。本文综述了聚硅烷合成与应用的近期发展。  相似文献   
9.
以高纯ZnS粉末为基质,采用高温转相、扩散,以及表面涂敷工艺,制得了147Pm激发的ZnS:Cu,Cl发光粉。分析了ZnS:Cu,Cl的晶体结构,测量了ZnS:Cu,Cl的激发光谱、发射光谱、发光亮度。其晶体结构主要是六方纤锌矿型结构,激发光谱峰值波长为341nm,发射光谱峰值波长为513nm,初始发光亮度达到312mcd/m2。由激发光谱的峰值波长341nm推算得到六方ZnS晶体的禁带宽度为3.64eV。分析了147Pm激发的ZnS:Cu,Cl发光粉的发光寿命,其发光寿命达到5年以上。还探讨了该放射性发光粉的发光机理。147Pm激发的ZnS:Cu,Cl的稳定发光,实际上是激发过程与复合过程的准平衡。ZnS:Cu,Cl的绿色发光来源于深施主-深受主对的复合发射。实验结果的分析表明,ZnS:Cu,Cl中深施主-深受主之间的能级间隔约为2.42eV。  相似文献   
10.
金属薄膜制备及物性测量系列实验   总被引:4,自引:0,他引:4  
介绍了由模拟真空实验和“金属薄膜的制备”、“金属薄膜厚度的测量”、“金属薄膜电阻率的测量”,以及“金属薄膜生长过程的动态监测”等4个实验组成的金属薄膜制备与物性测量系列实验.这组实验与现代科学技术发展联系紧密,仪器设备可靠,操作简单,适合于普通物理实验阶段的研究性教学.  相似文献   
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