首页 | 本学科首页   官方微博 | 高级检索  
文章检索
  按 检索   检索词:      
出版年份:   被引次数:   他引次数: 提示:输入*表示无穷大
  收费全文   29499篇
  免费   5463篇
  国内免费   9588篇
化学   22544篇
晶体学   1126篇
力学   1913篇
综合类   917篇
数学   4284篇
物理学   13766篇
  2024年   77篇
  2023年   365篇
  2022年   1046篇
  2021年   1098篇
  2020年   1118篇
  2019年   1099篇
  2018年   994篇
  2017年   1339篇
  2016年   1117篇
  2015年   1514篇
  2014年   1776篇
  2013年   2414篇
  2012年   2399篇
  2011年   2703篇
  2010年   2475篇
  2009年   2503篇
  2008年   2697篇
  2007年   2524篇
  2006年   2396篇
  2005年   2099篇
  2004年   1609篇
  2003年   1157篇
  2002年   1249篇
  2001年   1201篇
  2000年   1228篇
  1999年   718篇
  1998年   416篇
  1997年   372篇
  1996年   364篇
  1995年   331篇
  1994年   352篇
  1993年   298篇
  1992年   252篇
  1991年   161篇
  1990年   154篇
  1989年   182篇
  1988年   109篇
  1987年   103篇
  1986年   93篇
  1985年   80篇
  1984年   75篇
  1983年   52篇
  1982年   45篇
  1981年   47篇
  1980年   23篇
  1979年   32篇
  1978年   14篇
  1974年   10篇
  1965年   11篇
  1959年   8篇
排序方式: 共有10000条查询结果,搜索用时 15 毫秒
1.
The designs of efficient and inexpensive Pt-based catalysts for methanol oxidation reaction (MOR) are essential to boost the commercialization of direct methanol fuel cells. Here, the highly catalytic performance PtFe alloys supported on multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) decorating nitrogen-doped carbon (NC) have been successfully prepared via co-engineering of the surface composition and electronic structure. The Pt1Fe3@NC/MWCNTs catalyst with moderate Fe3+ feeding content (0.86 mA/mgPt) exhibits 2.26-fold enhancement in MOR mass activity compared to pristine Pt/C catalyst (0.38 mA/mgPt). Furthermore, the CO oxidation initial potential of Pt1Fe3@NC/MWCNTs catalyst is lower relative to Pt/C catalyst (0.71 V and 0.80 V). Benefited from the optimal surface compositions, the anti-corrosion ability of MWCNT, strong electron interaction between PtFe alloys and MWCNTs and the N-doped carbon (NC) layer, the Pt1Fe3@NC/MWCNTs catalyst presents an improved MOR performance and anti-CO poisoning ability. This study would open up new perspective for designing efficient electrocatalysts for the DMFCs field.  相似文献   
2.
科学评价大学生科研创新能力对我国科研水平的提高具有重要意义.采用机器学习模型来预测大学生科研能力可以起到良好的效果,提出一种GAXGBoost模型来实现对大学生的科研能力预测.此模型是以Xgboost算法为基础,然后充分利用遗传算法的全局搜索能力自动搜索Xgboost最优超参数,避免了人为经验调参不准确的缺陷,最后采用精英选择策略以此确保每一轮都是最佳的进化结果.通过分析表明,所采用的GAXGBoost模型在大学生科研能力预测的结果中具有很高的精度,将此模型与Logistic Regression、Random Forest、SVM等模型进行对比,GAXGBoost模型的预测精度最高.  相似文献   
3.
Hu  Duo-Duo  Gao  Qian  Dai  Jing-Cheng  Cui  Ru  Li  Yuan-Bo  Li  Yuan-Ming  Zhou  Xiao-Guo  Bian  Kang-Jie  Wu  Bing-Bing  Zhang  Kai-Fan  Wang  Xi-Sheng  Li  Yan 《中国科学:化学(英文版)》2022,65(4):753-761
Science China Chemistry - A light-induced, nickel-catalyzed three-component arylsulfonation of 1,3-enynes in the absence of photocatalyst is reported. This methodology exhibited mild conditions,...  相似文献   
4.
Journal of Mathematical Chemistry - The analytical solutions of an asymmetric double well potential $$V(x)=a\, x^2-b\, x^3+c\, x^4$$ are found to be a triconfluent Heun function $$H_{T}(\alpha ,...  相似文献   
5.
6.
Cinnamaldehyde (CA), an active ingredient isolated from the traditional Chinese medicine Cortex Cinnamomi, has a wide range of bioactivities. To clarify the distribution characteristics of CA, a selective and sensitive method utilizing gas chromatography–mass spetrometry was initially developed for simultaneously determining the concentration of CA and its metabolite cinnamyl alcohol in rat tissues. Selected ion masses of m/z 131, 105 and 92 were chosen, and separation of the analytes was performed on a DB‐5 ms (30 m × 0.25 mm, 0.25 µm, thickness) capillary column by gas chromatography–mass spectrometry. The calibration curves demonstrated good linearity and reproducibility over the range of 20–2000 and 20–4000 ng/mL for various tissue samples. Recoveries ranged from 86.8 to 107.5%, while intra‐ and interday relative standard deviations were all <11.3%. The analysis method was successfully applied in tissue distribution studies for CA and cinnamyl alcohol. As CA and cinnamyl alcohol may inter‐convert to one another, simultaneous determination of both analytes provides a comparative and accurate data for tissue study. The concentrations of CA and cinnamyl alcohol remaining in spleen were the highest among the main organs, including heart, liver, spleen, lung, kidney and brain. In addition, there was no long‐term accumulation of CA in rat tissues. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.  相似文献   
7.
8.
A new spectral problem is proposed, and nonlinear differential equations of the corresponding hierarchy are obtained. With the help of the nonlinearization appr...  相似文献   
9.
The design and exploration of efficient, stable and environmentally compatible organic emitters for an electrochemiluminescence (ECL) sensor is a promising topic. Herein, a novel environmentally-friendly luminophore, ZnBCBTP@MWCNTs, were fabricated via self-assembly of porphyrin molecules (ZnBCBTP) onto multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs). The resulting luminophore ZnBCBTP@MWCNTs displayed not only the highly ECL property and but also the good accelerated electron mobility. Then, a label-free ECL biosensor based ZnBCBTP@MWCNTs was constructed for the ultrasensitive detection of uric acid. Excitingly, this proposed ECL biosensor performed a good linear relationship in the range of 0–300 μM with a low detection limit of 1.4 μM, thus offering another reliable and feasible sensing platform for clinical bioanalysis with good selectivity, stability, and repeatability.  相似文献   
10.
Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry - A complete analysis of the thermal process about melamine was presented, in which different methods were applied to determine the characteristic of the...  相似文献   
设为首页 | 免责声明 | 关于勤云 | 加入收藏

Copyright©北京勤云科技发展有限公司  京ICP备09084417号