首页 | 本学科首页   官方微博 | 高级检索  
文章检索
  按 检索   检索词:      
出版年份:   被引次数:   他引次数: 提示:输入*表示无穷大
  收费全文   25744篇
  免费   5584篇
  国内免费   8198篇
化学   19525篇
晶体学   1075篇
力学   1708篇
综合类   963篇
数学   3851篇
物理学   12404篇
  2024年   67篇
  2023年   318篇
  2022年   884篇
  2021年   921篇
  2020年   966篇
  2019年   983篇
  2018年   870篇
  2017年   1098篇
  2016年   1035篇
  2015年   1352篇
  2014年   1549篇
  2013年   2085篇
  2012年   2204篇
  2011年   2307篇
  2010年   2094篇
  2009年   2165篇
  2008年   2527篇
  2007年   2227篇
  2006年   2089篇
  2005年   1745篇
  2004年   1397篇
  2003年   1088篇
  2002年   1052篇
  2001年   1128篇
  2000年   1093篇
  1999年   755篇
  1998年   427篇
  1997年   324篇
  1996年   343篇
  1995年   300篇
  1994年   283篇
  1993年   275篇
  1992年   224篇
  1991年   184篇
  1990年   185篇
  1989年   182篇
  1988年   145篇
  1987年   120篇
  1986年   92篇
  1985年   57篇
  1984年   82篇
  1983年   79篇
  1982年   63篇
  1981年   49篇
  1980年   37篇
  1979年   29篇
  1978年   13篇
  1977年   5篇
  1976年   6篇
  1959年   9篇
排序方式: 共有10000条查询结果,搜索用时 15 毫秒
1.
2.
Let p ∈ [1, ∞), q ∈ [1, ∞), α∈ R, and s be a non-negative integer. Inspired by the space JNp introduced by John and Nirenberg(1961) and the space B introduced by Bourgain et al.(2015), we introduce a special John-Nirenberg-Campanato space JNcon(p,q,s) over Rn or a given cube of R;with finite side length via congruent subcubes, which are of some amalgam features. The limit space of such spaces as p →∞ is just the Campanato space which coincides with the space BMO(the space of functions with bounded mean oscillations)when α = 0. Moreover, a vanishing subspace of this new space is introduced, and its equivalent characterization is established as well, which is a counterpart of the known characterization for the classical space VMO(the space of functions with vanishing mean oscillations) over Rn or a given cube of Rn with finite side length.Furthermore, some VMO-H1-BMO-type results for this new space are also obtained, which are based on the aforementioned vanishing subspaces and the Hardy-type space defined via congruent cubes in this article. The geometrical properties of both the Euclidean space via its dyadic system and congruent cubes play a key role in the proofs of all these results.  相似文献   
3.
当煤层上方为坚硬顶板时,在工作面回采期间容易出现大面积悬顶,导致巷旁充填体出现大变形破坏,极大威胁采煤安全.为解决这一问题,以某矿1205工作面沿空留巷为工程背景,分析了爆炸围岩裂隙范围和坚硬顶板破断特征,建立了切顶卸压围岩结构力学模型,研究表明,相邻炮孔爆炸后,炮孔间裂隙互相贯穿,降低了顶板强度,同时当切顶角为15°时,巷道稳定性较好.工程实践结果表明:采用爆破切顶技术后,顶板下沉量减小了62.3%,较好地保证了围岩稳定性.  相似文献   
4.
Wacker oxidation is an industry-adopted process to transform olefins into value-added epoxides and carbonyls. However, traditional Wacker oxidation involves the use of homogeneous palladium and copper catalysts for the olefin addition and reductive elimination. Here, we demonstrated an ultrahigh loading Cu single atom catalyst(14% Cu, mass fraction) for the palladium-free Wacker oxidation of 4-vinylanisole into the corresponding ketone with N-methylhydroxylamine hydrochloride as an additive under mild conditions. Mechanistic studies by 18O and deuterium isotope labelling revealed a hydrogen shift mechanism in this palladium-free process using N-methylhydroxylamine hydrochloride as the oxygen source. The reaction scope can be further extended to Kucherov oxidation. Our study paves the way to replace noble metal catalysts in the traditional homogeneous processes with single atom catalysts.  相似文献   
5.
Solar-driven interfacial vaporization by localizing solar-thermal energy conversion to the air−water interface has attracted tremendous attention. In the process of converting solar energy into heat energy, photothermal materials play an essential role. Herein, a flexible solar-thermal material di-cyan substituted 5,12-dibutylquinacridone (DCN−4CQA)@Paper was developed by coating photothermal quinacridone derivatives on the cellulose paper. The DCN−4CQA@Paper combines desired chemical and physical properties, broadband light-absorbing, and shape-conforming abilities that render efficient photothermic vaporization. Notably, synergetic coupling of solar-steam and solar-electricity technologies by integrating DCN−4CQA@Paper and the thermoelectric devices is realized without trade-offs, highlighting the practical consideration toward more impactful solar heat exploitation. Such solar distillation and low-grade heat-to-electricity generation functions can provide potential opportunities for fresh water and electricity supply in off-grid or remote areas.  相似文献   
6.
7.
An efficient, atom-economic, oxygen-tolerant, and water-tolerant strategy has been established to synthesize cyano-rich polyesters. Four kinds of organic bases, 1,1,3,3-tetramethylguanidine (TMG), 4-dimethylaminopyridine, triethylamine, and 1,5,7-triazabicyclo[4.4.0]dec-5-ene (TBD) were explored for accelerating Michael addition polymerization of malononitrile and 1,4-butandiol diacrylate. TMG can promote the polymerization efficiently under mild conditions to quantitatively afford polyester with high-molecular weight and moderate polydispersity. The comparison of the kinetic studies of TMG and TBD reveals that TMG shows better catalytic performance, while the catalysis of TBD brings about oligomers in spite of the higher efficiency at early age of the polymerization. Moreover, other diacrylate compounds could also be quantitatively polymerized to afford polyesters with high molecular weight. When dimethacrylate is chose as the monomer, the polymerization becomes sluggish. All the afforded polyesters display programmable thermal and mechanical properties that are closely related to their chemical structures.  相似文献   
8.
通过对盐酸伊达比星脱羟基杂质A的合成研究,为盐酸伊达比星的质控标准提供参考。以盐酸伊达比星为起始原料,经过4步反应得到脱羟基杂质A。本文提供了盐酸伊达比星杂质A的制备方法以及高效液相色谱分析方法,为杂质含量控制提供了依据。该工艺可以稳定、快速制备高纯度脱羟基杂质A,制备总收率为57.20%,纯度为57.20%,其结构经1H NMR, 13C NMR和MS(ESI)表征。  相似文献   
9.
Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry - In the present work the final products of coumarin radiation chemical transformation are investigated by chromatography. During radiolysis of...  相似文献   
10.
设为首页 | 免责声明 | 关于勤云 | 加入收藏

Copyright©北京勤云科技发展有限公司  京ICP备09084417号