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The hydrothermal synthesis and magnetic entropy change for the perovskite manganite La0.5Ca0.3Sr0.2MnO3 have been studied. The La0.5Ca0.3Sr0.2MnO3 can be produced as phase-pure, crystalline powders in one step from solutions of metal salts in aqueous potassium hydroxide solution at a temperature of 513 K in 72 h. Scanning electron microscopy shows that the materials are made up of cuboid-shaped particles in typical dimension of 4.0×2.5×1.6 μm. Heat treatment can improve the magnetocaloric effect for the hydrothermal sample. The maximum magnetic entropy change ΔSM for the as-prepared sample is 0.88 J kg−1 K−1 at 315 K for a magnetic field change of 2.0 T. It increases to 1.52 J kg−1 K−1, near its Curie temperature (317 K) by annealing the sample at 1473 K for 6 h. The hydrothermal synthesis method is a feasible route to prepare high-quality perovskite material for magnetic refrigeration application.  相似文献   
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Two novel dithienylethenes with ferrocene units were synthesized by Wittig reaction. The structure of 2a has been established by X‐ray diffraction studies. They could reversibly interconvert between two thermally stable forms, an open and a closed one, using light of different wavelengths as triggers. Copyright © 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.  相似文献   
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粘土粒径及形态结构对粘土胶性能的影响   总被引:7,自引:1,他引:7  
用超声波和离心方法将3种来源不同的粘土样品按粒分径分级,测定各级分粒径比表面积和结构,并制备相应级分的粘土胶进行物理力学性能测试,结果表明,在一定范围内,粘土粒径的变化仅对粘土胶的某些力学性能产生物明显的影响,而粘土粒子以其独特的形态结构对粘土胶产生显著的补强作用。  相似文献   
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The profound differences between solids and liquids notwithstanding, high-frequency vibrational energy relaxation in liquids seems to be well described by assuming that the excess energy is being transferred into discrete overtones of some fundamental intermolecular vibrations-precisely the way it is in crystalline solids. In a solid-state context, this kind of analysis can be used to justify the observation that relaxation rates fall off exponentially with the energy being transferred. Liquids, however, have a substantial degree of disorder, causing their relevant intermolecular spectra to have correspondingly diffuse band edges and large bandwidths. It is therefore not at all obvious what should become of this exponential-gap-law phenomenology. We show in this paper how near exponential-gap-law behavior can still be derived for vibrational energy relaxation in liquids. To do so, we take advantage of the simple dynamics that the high-frequency relaxation has when it is launched from an individual instantaneous configuration. Interestingly, the physically relevant region turns out not to be true asymptotic limit of our formalism, but for realistic liquid parameters the behavior in the physical regime differs only slightly from an exact exponential-gap law and is strikingly independent of the details of the intermolecular spectra.  相似文献   
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铝—水杨基荧光酮荧光光度法测定痕量氟   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
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7.
溶胶-凝胶法合成纳米铬酸锶镧的工艺研究   总被引:1,自引:3,他引:1  
以硝酸镧、硝酸铬、硝酸锶为原料,乙二醇为分散剂,柠檬酸为胶溶剂,用溶胶-凝胶法合成纳米级的铬酸锶镧粉体。利用TG,DSC,XRD分析研究了粉料的晶化过程。利用HREM分析了煅烧温度、含锶量对粉料粒径的影响。研究表明,获得纳米晶的最佳烧结温度在800℃。随着锶掺杂量的增加,粉料的粒径逐渐变小。  相似文献   
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ThestudyofphotoionizationandphotodissociationprocessesinducedbyintensefemtosecondlaserpuIses(>lo"W/cm')withpolyatomicmoleculesbecomesofinterestbecausesomenewphenomenahavebeenobserved'-3.Sofar,mostoftheinvestigationsfocusontheexperimentalexplorationofphotoionizationprocesses'-'.Butthephotoionizationmechanismofpolyatomicmoleculesinanintensefslaserfieldisstillambiguous'.,.Incontrasttothephotoionizationprocesses,theunderstandingoffragmentationofmolecularionisevenpoorer.Corkumetal,'.,'reportedthef…  相似文献   
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